Koti, Koṭi, Koṭī: 21 definitions



Koti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

1) Koṭi (कोटि) refers to “end”, “extremity”, “limit”, “alternative”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 13.36. Here koṭi means “alternative”. Cf. the word bhūtakoṭi ,“the true limit or alternative” used to described the Ultimate Reality of the Mādhyamikas (Bodhicaryāvatārapañjikā, p. 354). The word koṭi may be taken to mean also “theory or doctrine” in Naiṣadha 13.36. The word is taken in this sense by Śaṃkara in his commentary on Gauḍapādakārikā.

2) Koṭi (कोटि) refers to (in the Buddhist sense) “a mode of predication” or “a category of existence”, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 21.88. The four koṭis are mentioned [in a verse] quoted in Bodhicaryāvatārapañjikā, p. 359 and Advayavajrasaṃgraha, p. 19.10. See also Notes 21.88 and Appendix I, sections IV (c) and V (b). Cf. Laṅkāvatārasūtra.

3) Koṭi (कोटि) refers to “a series”, “a succession” and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 21.44. Cāṇḍūpaṇḍita, however, explains the word as “resemblance”. Vidyādhara nad Īśānadeva take koṭi as an adjective and explain it as samāna (‘similar’).

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Koṭi (कोटि).—(or koṭī) 1. Vertical/perpendicular side of right-angled triangle. 2. Complement of the bhuja. Note: Koṭi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Koṭi (कोटि)—Sanskrit word corresponding the highest number in the old system of numbers: ten million (10,000,000).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Koṭi (कोटि, “ten-million”) is the eighth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (e.g., koṭi, “ten-million”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: OpenEdition books: Vividhatīrthakalpaḥ

Koṭi (कोटि) refers to a unity of measurement corresponding to 10 million, and represents a Jaina technical term mentioned in the mentioned in the Vividhatīrthakalpa by Jinaprabhasūri (13th century A.D.): an ancient text devoted to various Jaina holy places (tīrthas).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Koti (“dagger”) is one of the gotras (clans) among the Kurnis (a tribe of South India). Kurni is, according to the Census Report 1901, “a corruption of kuri (sheep) and vanni (wool), the caste having been originally weavers of wool”. The gotras (viz., Koti) are described as being of the Brāhman, Kshatriya, and Vaisya sub-divisions of the caste, and of Shanmukha’s Sudra caste.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

koṭi : (f.) top; summit; point; the end; ten million.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Koṭi, (f.) (cp. Sk. koṭi & kūṭa2) the end-(a) of space: the extreme part, top, summit, point (cp. anta to which it is opposed at J. VI, 371): dhanu-koṭiṃ nissāya “through the (curved) end of my bow, ” i.e. by means of hunting J. II, 200; aṭṭhi-koṭi the tip of the bone J. III, 26; cāpa° a bow VvA. 261; vema° the part of a loom that is moved DhA. III, 175; khetta° the top (end) of the field SnA 150; caṅkamana° the far end of the cloister J. IV, 30; PvA. 79.—(b) of time: a division of time, with reference either to the past or the future, in pubba° the past (cp. pubbanta), also as purima°; and pacchima° the future (cp. aparanta). These expressions are used only of saṃsāra: saṃsārassa purimā koṭi na paññāyati “the first end, i.e. the beginning of S. is not known” Nd2 664; DhsA. 11; of pacchimā koṭi ibid.—anamatagg’âyaṃ saṃsāro, pubba° na paññāyati S’s end and beginning are unthinkable, its starting-point is not known (to beings obstructed by ignorance) S. II, 178=III, 149= Nd2 664=Kvu 29=PvA. 166; cp. Bdhd 118 (p. k. na ñāyati).—koṭiyaṃ ṭhito bhāvo “my existence in the past” J. I, 167.—(c) of number: the “end” of the scale, i.e. extremely high, as numeral representing approximately the figure a hundred thousand (cp. Kirfel, Kosmographie. p. 336). It follows on satasahassāni Nd2 664, and is often increased by sata° or sahassa°, esp. in records of wealth (dhana) Sn. 677; J. I, 227, 230, 345=DhA. I, 367 (asīti°-vibhavo); J. I, 478; PvA. 3, 96; cp. also koṭisatā arahanto Miln. 6, 18.—kahāpaṇa-koṭi-santhārena “for the price (lit. by the spreading out) of 10 million kahāpaṇas” Vin. II, 159= J. I, 94 (ref. to the buying of Jetavana by Anāthapiṇḍika).

—gata “gone to the end, ” having reached the end, i.e. perfection, nibbāna. Nd2 436;—ppatta=prec. Nd2 436; as “extreme” J. I, 67.—simbalī N. of a tree (in Avīci) Sdhp. 194. (Page 227)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṭi (कोटि).—f (S) Ten millions, a crore. 2 In disputation. A reply or rejoinder; a reasoning in substantiation or objection. 3 A division or branch; a class distinct or distinguishable under a comprehensive order or head. Ex. gurāmadhyēṃ dōna mōṭhyā kōṭi mhaśī āṇi gāyī. 4 The vertical arm of a triangle. 5 A term of high praise for one eminent in learning, valor, virtue &c. 6 The end of a bow. 7 The complement of an arc to ninety. 8 The long arm of a superficies along the plane of the horizon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōṭi (कोटि).—f Ten millions, a crore. (In dis- putation) A reply or rejoinder, a reasoning in substantiation or objec- tion. Wit, a smart saying. A pun on words. A division or branch, a class distinguishable under a comprehen- sive order of head. Ex. manuṣyakōṭi The vertical arm of a triangle.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koṭi (कोटि) or Koṭī (कोटी).—f. [kuṭ-iñ]

1) The curved end of a bow; भूमिनिहितैककोटिकार्मुकम् (bhūminihitaikakoṭikārmukam) R.11.81; U.4.29.

2) The end or extremity, edge or point in general; सहचरीं दन्तस्य कोट्या लिखन् (sahacarīṃ dantasya koṭyā likhan) Māl.9.32; अङ्गदकोटिलग्नम् (aṅgadakoṭilagnam) R.6.14;7.46;8.36.

3) The edge or point of a weapon.

4) The highest point, excess, pitch, climax, excellence; परां कोटिमानन्दस्याध्यगच्छन् (parāṃ koṭimānandasyādhyagacchan) K.369; so कोपकोटिमापन्ना (kopakoṭimāpannā) Pt.4; excessively angry; कल्याणीं कलयामि कञ्जनिलयां कल्याणकोटिस्थिताम् (kalyāṇīṃ kalayāmi kañjanilayāṃ kalyāṇakoṭisthitām) Viś. Guṇā.275.

5) The horns or digits of the moon; आवर्जितजटामौलिविलम्बिशशि- कोटयः (āvarjitajaṭāmaulivilambiśaśi- koṭayaḥ) Ku.2.26.

6) Ten millions, a crore; वित्तस्य विद्यापरि- संख्यया मे कोटीश्चतस्रो दश चाहरेति (vittasya vidyāpari- saṃkhyayā me koṭīścatasro daśa cāhareti) R.5.21;12.82; Ms.6.63.

7) The complement of an arc to 9° (in math.).

8) The perpendicular side of a right-angled triangle (in math.).

9) A class, department, kingdom; मनुष्य°, प्राणि° (manuṣya°, prāṇi°) &c.

1) One side of a question in dispute, an alternative.

11) The pinnacle, peak (śikhara); कोटिं तस्य समुद्रस्य काञ्चनीं शतयोजनाम् (koṭiṃ tasya samudrasya kāñcanīṃ śatayojanām) Rām.4.42.19.

Derivable forms: koṭiḥ (कोटिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Koṭi (कोटि).—(f.), in Pali often = anta (q.v. in Critical Pali Dictionary), end, limit, especially in time; this use is illustrated by aparānta- and pūrva-koṭi, qq.v., and by koṭi alone in Lalitavistara 242.13 (verse) na vidyati koṭi (so divide; Lefm. as [compound]) saṃskṛtasya, there is no end (sc. in either direction of time) of composite substance (i.e. of material existence). See also s.v. bhūta- koṭi; and (with a different meaning of koṭi) tri-koṭi. For akoṭi or °ṭī see s.v. bhūtakoṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭi (कोटि).—f.

(-ṭiḥ) 1. The edge or point of a sword. 2. The curved end of a bow. 3. A number, a Krore or ten millions. 4. Eminence, excellence. 5. The upright side of a triangle. 6. The complement of an arc to 90º. 7. A plant, Piring or Asparac, (Medicago esculenta.) 8. A department. 9. The horn of the moon 10. one side of a debatable question. E. kuṭ to be crooked, and iṇ Unadi affix; also koṭī.

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Koṭī (कोटी).—f. (-ṭī) 1. The edge or point of a sword. 2. A medicinal plant, (Medicago esculenta.) 3. A Krore, &c.: see koṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭi (कोटि).—koṭī, i. e. kuṭ + i, f. 1. A point, [Pañcatantra] 120, 23. 2. Eminence, Mahābhārata 3, 542 (pramāṇa-koṭī, extraordinary tallness). 3. Ten millions, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 63.

Koṭi can also be spelled as Koṭī (कोटी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭi (कोटि).—[feminine] the curved end of the bow, of claws etc., the horns of the moon; edge or point i.[grammar], utmost degree, highest number ( = 10 millions).

--- OR ---

Koṭī (कोटी).—[feminine] the curved end of the bow, of claws etc., the horns of the moon; edge or point i.[grammar], utmost degree, highest number ( = 10 millions).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭi (कोटि):—[from koṭa] f. the curved end of a bow or of claws, etc., end or top of anything, edge or point (of a sword), horns or cusps (of the moon), [Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the highest point, eminence, excellence, [Pañcatantra; Ratnāvalī; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

3) [v.s. ...] ‘a point or side in an argument or disputation’, (if there are two) ‘alternative’ See -dvaya below

4) [v.s. ...] the highest number in the older system of numbers (viz. a Krore or ten millions), [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] the complement of an arc to 90 degrees

6) [v.s. ...] the perpendicular side of a right-angled triangle, [Sūryasiddhānta]

7) [v.s. ...] Medicago esculenta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) Koṭī (कोटी):—[from koṭa] f. = koṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭi (कोटि):—(ṭiḥ) 2. f. The edge or point of a sword; end of a bow; a crore; eminence; upright side of a triangle; complement of an arc; a plant.

2) Koṭī (कोटी):—(ṭī) 3. f. The edge or point of a sword; Medicago esculenta.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Koṭi (कोटि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Koḍi.

[Sanskrit to German]

Koti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Koṭi (कोटि):—(nf) degree, rank; quality; category; ten million; the end of a bow; ~[ka] same as [koṭi; ~śaḥ] ten million times; •[dhanyavāda] many many thanks.

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