Koti, aka: Koṭi, Koṭī; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Koti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[Koti in Jyotisha glossaries]

Koṭi (कोटि).—(or koṭī) 1. Vertical/perpendicular side of right-angled triangle. 2. Complement of the bhuja. Note: Koṭi is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

(Source): Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms
Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotiṣa (ज्योतिष, jyotisha or jyotish) basically refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents one of the six additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas. Jyotiṣa concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Koti in Hinduism glossaries]

Koṭi (कोटि)—Sanskrit word corresponding the highest number in the old system of numbers: ten million (10,000,000).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Hinduism

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[Koti in Buddhism glossaries]

Koṭi (कोटि, “ten-million”) is the eighth of sixty digits (decimal place) in an special enumeration system mentioned by Vasubandhu in his Abhidharmakośa (“treasury of knowledge”). The explanations of the measure of years, eons, and so forth must be comprehended through calculation based on a numerical system. Enumeration begins from one and increases by a factor of ten for each shift in decimal place. The sixtieth number in this series is called “countless”.

Among these decimal positions (eg., koṭi, “ten-million”), the first nine positions from one to one hundred million are called ‘single set enumeration’. From a billion up to, but not including countless is “the enumeration of the great companion” and is called the ‘recurring enumeration’.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Buddhism

India history and geogprahy

[Koti in India history glossaries]

Koti (“dagger”) is one of the gotras (clans) among the Kurnis (a tribe of South India). Kurni is, according to the Census Report 1901, “a corruption of kuri (sheep) and vanni (wool), the caste having been originally weavers of wool”. The gotras (viz., Koti) are described as being of the Brāhman, Kshatriya, and Vaisya sub-divisions of the caste, and of Shanmukha’s Sudra caste.

(Source): Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Koti in Pali glossaries]

koṭi : (f.) top; summit; point; the end; ten million.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Koṭi, (f.) (cp. Sk. koṭi & kūṭa2) the end-(a) of space: the extreme part, top, summit, point (cp. anta to which it is opposed at J. VI, 371): dhanu-koṭiṃ nissāya “through the (curved) end of my bow, ” i.e. by means of hunting J. II, 200; aṭṭhi-koṭi the tip of the bone J. III, 26; cāpa° a bow VvA. 261; vema° the part of a loom that is moved DhA. III, 175; khetta° the top (end) of the field SnA 150; caṅkamana° the far end of the cloister J. IV, 30; PvA. 79.—(b) of time: a division of time, with reference either to the past or the future, in pubba° the past (cp. pubbanta), also as purima°; and pacchima° the future (cp. aparanta). These expressions are used only of saṃsāra: saṃsārassa purimā koṭi na paññāyati “the first end, i.e. the beginning of S. is not known” Nd2 664; DhsA. 11; of pacchimā koṭi ibid.—anamatagg’âyaṃ saṃsāro, pubba° na paññāyati S’s end and beginning are unthinkable, its starting-point is not known (to beings obstructed by ignorance) S. II, 178=III, 149= Nd2 664=Kvu 29=PvA. 166; cp. Bdhd 118 (p. k. na ñāyati).—koṭiyaṃ ṭhito bhāvo “my existence in the past” J. I, 167.—(c) of number: the “end” of the scale, i.e. extremely high, as numeral representing approximately the figure a hundred thousand (cp. Kirfel, Kosmographie. p. 336). It follows on satasahassāni Nd2 664, and is often increased by sata° or sahassa°, esp. in records of wealth (dhana) Sn. 677; J. I, 227, 230, 345=DhA. I, 367 (asīti°-vibhavo); J. I, 478; PvA. 3, 96; cp. also koṭisatā arahanto Miln. 6, 18.—kahāpaṇa-koṭi-santhārena “for the price (lit. by the spreading out) of 10 million kahāpaṇas” Vin. II, 159= J. I, 94 (ref. to the buying of Jetavana by Anāthapiṇḍika).

—gata “gone to the end, ” having reached the end, i.e. perfection, nibbāna. Nd2 436;—ppatta=prec. Nd2 436; as “extreme” J. I, 67.—simbalī N. of a tree (in Avīci) Sdhp. 194. (Page 227)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Koti in Marathi glossaries]

kōṭi (कोटि).—f (S) Ten millions, a crore. 2 In disputation. A reply or rejoinder; a reasoning in substantiation or objection. 3 A division or branch; a class distinct or distinguishable under a comprehensive order or head. Ex. gurāmadhyēṃ dōna mōṭhyā kōṭi mhaśī āṇi gāyī. 4 The vertical arm of a triangle. 5 A term of high praise for one eminent in learning, valor, virtue &c. 6 The end of a bow. 7 The complement of an arc to ninety. 8 The long arm of a superficies along the plane of the horizon.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṭi (कोटि).—f Ten millions, a crore. (In dis- putation) A reply or rejoinder, a reasoning in substantiation or objec- tion. Wit, a smart saying. A pun on words. A division or branch, a class distinguishable under a comprehen- sive order of head. Ex. manuṣyakōṭi The vertical arm of a triangle.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Koti in Sanskrit glossaries]

Koṭi (कोटि) or Koṭī (कोटी).—f. [kuṭ-iñ]

1) The curved end of a bow; भूमिनिहितैककोटिकार्मुकम् (bhūminihitaikakoṭikārmukam) R.11.81; U.4.29.

2) The end or extremity, edge or point in general; सहचरीं दन्तस्य कोट्या लिखन् (sahacarīṃ dantasya koṭyā likhan) Māl.9.32; अङ्गदकोटिलग्नम् (aṅgadakoṭilagnam) R.6.14;7.46;8.36.

3) The edge or point of a weapon.

4) The highest point, excess, pitch, climax, excellence; परां कोटिमानन्दस्याध्यगच्छन् (parāṃ koṭimānandasyādhyagacchan) K.369; so कोपकोटिमापन्ना (kopakoṭimāpannā) Pt.4; excessively angry; कल्याणीं कलयामि कञ्जनिलयां कल्याणकोटिस्थिताम् (kalyāṇīṃ kalayāmi kañjanilayāṃ kalyāṇakoṭisthitām) Viś. Guṇā.275.

5) The horns or digits of the moon; आवर्जितजटामौलिविलम्बिशशि- कोटयः (āvarjitajaṭāmaulivilambiśaśi- koṭayaḥ) Ku.2.26.

6) Ten millions, a crore; वित्तस्य विद्यापरि- संख्यया मे कोटीश्चतस्रो दश चाहरेति (vittasya vidyāpari- saṃkhyayā me koṭīścatasro daśa cāhareti) R.5.21;12.82; Ms.6.63.

7) The complement of an arc to 9° (in math.).

8) The perpendicular side of a right-angled triangle (in math.).

9) A class, department, kingdom; मनुष्य°, प्राणि° (manuṣya°, prāṇi°) &c.

1) One side of a question in dispute, an alternative.

11) The pinnacle, peak (śikhara); कोटिं तस्य समुद्रस्य काञ्चनीं शतयोजनाम् (koṭiṃ tasya samudrasya kāñcanīṃ śatayojanām) Rām.4.42.19.

Derivable forms: koṭiḥ (कोटिः).

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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