Koshataki, Kosātakī, Kośātakī: 11 definitions


Koshataki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kośātakī can be transliterated into English as Kosataki or Koshataki, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Koshataki in Ayurveda glossary

Cikitsa (natural therapy and treatment for medical conditions)

Source: Wisdom Library: Ayurveda: Cikitsa

Koṣātakī (कोषातकी) is a Sanskrit word referring to “luffa”, a fruit from the Cucurbitaceae (gourd) family of plants, and is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Luffa acutangula and is commonly referred to in English as “Chinese okra”, “dish cloth gourd” or “strainer vine”, among many other nicknames.

This plant (Koṣātakī) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is called Kṛtavedhana.

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Kośātakī (कोशातकी) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Luffa acutangula (angled luffa or ribbed sponge gourd) from the Cucurbitaceae or “gourd family” of flowering plants, according to verse 3.48-49 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Kośātakī is commonly known in Hindi as Taroī; in Marathi as Dodaka or Sirolā; in Gujarati as Turiā; in Telugu as Burkai or Vīra; in Tamil as Pirkankai or Miku; in Bengali as Jhīṅgā; and in Kannada as Kaduhire or Hirekāī.

Kośātakī is mentioned as having eight synonyms: Kṛtacchidrā, Jālinī, Kṛtavedhanā, Kṣveḍā, Sutiktā, Ghaṇṭālī and Mṛdaṅgaphalinī.

Properties and characteristics: “This [Kośātakī] is pungent, cold and slightly astringent. It alleviates all the three doṣas [viz., kapha, pitta, vāta] and clears away the mala and tympanitis (ādhmāna)”.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Kośātakī (कोशातकी) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Luffa acutangula (Linn.) Roxb.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning kośātakī] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Kośātakī (कोशातकी) refers to an herbal ingredient which is included in a (snake) poison antidote recipe, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—In the Añjana or Collyrium segment of the eighth Adhyāya, Kāśyapa prescribes eight types of permutation and combination of herbs that effectively arrest poison. According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse VIII.34)—“Collyrium made out of a mixture of boiled juice of Śiriṣa and Nimba (Neem), powdered Vega, Kośātakī fruit, Aśvāri, latex of yellow Arka mixed with a calf’s urine is an antidote to poison”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Koshataki in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Kathā

Kośātakī (कोशातकी) is a city located in the interior corner of the Sumeru mountain, in the world of the Vidyādharas, according to the eighth Ucchvāsa of the Udayasundarīkathā. The king of Kosātakī is Tārākiriṭa.

The Udayasundarīkathā is a Sanskrit epic tale written by Soḍḍhala in the early 11th century, revolving around the Nāga princess Udayasundarī and Malayavāhana (king of Pratiṣṭhāna).


Kavya book cover
context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Kośātaki (कोशातकि) refers to a type of vegetables fit for use in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.121b-125 of the Īśvarasaṃhitā.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Koshataki in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kosātakī : (f.) a creeper the fruit of which is eaten; Luffa acutangula.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kosātakī, (f.) (cp. Sk. kośītakī) a kind of creeper Vv 474; Vism. 256, 260, 359; VvA. 200;—bīja the seed of the k. A. I, 32=V. 212. (Page 230)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Koshataki in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kośātakī (कोशातकी).—Name of a tree (paṭoli); Śiśupālavadha 12.37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kośātakī (कोशातकी):—[from kośātaka] f. (gaṇas gaurādi and harītaky-ādi), Name of a plant and of its fruit (Trichosanthes dioeca, or Luffa acutangula, or Luffa pentandra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Caraka; Suśruta] (cf. mahā-k)

2) [v.s. ...] a moonlight night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Koshataki in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kōśātaki (ಕೋಶಾತಕಿ):—

1) [noun] the creeper Trichosanthes dioca of Cucurbitaceae family.

2) [noun] its gourd; wild snake-gourd.

3) [noun] the vine Luffa acutangula of Cucurbitaceae family.

4) [noun] its, acute angled gourd.

5) [noun] the vine Luffa cylindrica ( = L. aegyptiaca, = L. pentandra) of Cucurbitaceae family.

6) [noun] its fruit; smooth luffa.

7) [noun] the plant Ricinus communis of Euphorbiaceae family; castor plant.

8) [noun] its oil yielding seed.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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