Koshtha, Koṣṭha: 18 definitions



Koshtha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Koṣṭha can be transliterated into English as Kostha or Koshtha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Koshth.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ) refers to “the bowel” or “the viscera”. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā. Koṣṭha is said to be one of the three “pathways of diseases” (rogamārga).

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):—1. A closed space or area, typically indicative of organs in the abdominal, thoracic and pelvic cavities 2. Physiologically, koṣṭha is also indicative of gastro intestinal tract. Dependending on the dominance of Doṣa, depending on the ability to digest the food, and depending on the bowel movements, the koṣṭha of an individual can be classified as Krūra (hard bowel movements) Mṛdu (soft bowel movements) and Madhya (normal bowel movements).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Mānasāra XIX.108-12, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ) refers to “decorative aedicule (elongated) §§ 3.43; 4.10.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 3: The Lower and middle worlds

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ, “search”) refers to “search-intellect” and represents one of the eighteen types of extraordinary intellect (buddhi), which itself is a subclass of the eight ṛddhis (extraordinary powers). These powers can be obtained by the Ārya (civilized people) in order to produce worldly miracles. The Āryas represent one of the two classes of human beings according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 3.46, the other being Mleccha (barbarians).

What is meant by extraordinary store intellect (koṣṭha-buddhi-riddhi)? The intellect which can extract any quotes /aphorism from different scriptures when required is called super natural search-intellect. To understand this it is like the capability to take out something from the storehouse having a vast variety of goods.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Koṣṭha.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘four’. Cf. koṣṭhaka. Note: koṣṭha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kōṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—m S The stomach. 2 A granary. 3 An apartment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kōṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—m The stomach. A granary. An apartment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—a. [kuṣ-than Uṇ.2.4] Own.

-ṣṭhaḥ 1 Any one of the viscera of the body, such as the heart, lungs &c.

2) The belly, abdomen; आकोष्ठं ज्यां समुत्कृष्य (ākoṣṭhaṃ jyāṃ samutkṛṣya) Bhāg.1. 83.22.

3) An inner apartment.

4) A granary, storeroom; कन्दुः कोष्ठः कुशूलः (kanduḥ koṣṭhaḥ kuśūlaḥ) Mahābhārata on P.I.2.45. etc.

-ṣṭham 1 A surrounding wall; Bhāg.4.28.56.

2) The shell of anything.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—(ka) , see caraṇa-, dvāra-k°.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—mfn.

(-ṣṭhaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭhaṃ) Own. m.

(-ṣṭhaḥ) 1. A granary, a place in which grain is kept. 2. A treasury. 3. An apartment. 4. Any viscus, as the heart, lungs, stomach, bowels, &c. E. kuṣ to issue, than Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—I. m. The stomach, Mahābhārata 14, 570. Ii. m. and n. 1. A granary. 2. A store-room, Mahābhārata 2, 201. Iii. n. A wall, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 4, 28, 56.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ).—[masculine] the bowels or the belly (also [neuter]), a kind of vessel or pot; [neuter] store-room, surrounding wall.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):—m. (√kuṣ?; probably related to kukṣi and kośa), any one of the viscera of the body (particularly the stomach, abdomen), [Mahābhārata; Suśruta] etc.

2) mn. (as, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]; am) a granary, store-room, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] (ifc. f(ā). )

3) a treasury, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) m. an inner apartment, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the shell of anything, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) a kind of pan, pot, [Kauśika-sūtra; Patañjali; Caraka; Bhāvaprakāśa]

7) m. property (or mfn. ‘own’), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) m. night, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) n. a surrounding wall, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa iv, 28, 57]

10) any enclosed space or area, chess square, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā liii, 42; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi; Tithyāditya; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):—(ṣṭhaṃ) 1. m. A granary.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):—n. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 2, 4.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7. 2. 9,] [Scholiast]

1) m. Eingeweide. namentlich die Behälter von Speise, Flüssigkeiten u.s.w., der Unterleib [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 10, 43.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 105.] [Medinīkoṣa ṭh. 4.] sthānānyāmāgnipakvānāṃ mūtramya rudhirasya ca . hṛduṇḍukaḥ phuṣphusaśca koṣṭha ityabhidhīyate .. [Suśruta 2, 18, 7. 1, 117, 5. 146. 16. 275, 8. 10. 277, 15. 2, 21, 19. 177, 8.] laghukoṣṭha 1. bhinnakoṣṭha [1. 36, 16.] stabdhapūrṇakoṣṭhatā [79, 14. 350, 9.] koṣṭhagata [84, 15. 97. 10. 2, 102, 12.] bhuktaṃ bhuktamidaṃ koṣṭhe kathamannaṃ vipacyate [Mahābhārata 14, 570.] koṣṭheṣu [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 23, 14.] patiṃ cārcyopatiṣṭheta dhyāyetkoṣṭhagataṃ ca tam [6, 18, 52.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 2, 38. 10. 5. 19.] neutr.: keṣāṃcitpāṭayāmāsa nakhaiḥ koṣṭhāni kesarī [Devīmāhātmya 6, 13.] koṣṭhāgni das Feuer im Unterleib, das Feuer der Verdauung [Weber’s Indische Studien 2, 70.] —

2) m. ein inneres Gemach.

3) Vorrathskammer, m. [Amarakoṣa] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] n.: kaccitkoṣaśca koṣṭhaṃ ca vāhanaṃ dvāramāyudham . āyaśca kṛtakalyāṇaistava bhaktairanuṣṭhitaḥ .. [Mahābhārata 2, 201.] vihārakoṣṭhaśrīdvāragopurasadovalabhīviṭaṅka [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 10, 17.] Auch Schatzkammer nach [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] —

4) n. Ringmauer: (padam) pañcārāmaṃ navadvāramekapālaṃ trikoṣṭhakam u.s.w. pañcendriyārthā ārāmā dvārāḥ prāṇā nava prabho . tejobannāni koṣṭhāni [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 28, 56. 57.] —

5) eine Art Gefäss: jaratkoṣṭhādvrīhīṃ charkarāmiśrānāvapati [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 18.] jaratkoṣṭhe śītaṃ bhasma viharati [71.] —

6) the shell of any thing [WILKINS Ms.] [HAUGHT.] —

7) eigen, m. [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 106.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] adj. [Śabdakalpadruma] und [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] — Wohl desselben Ursprungs wie kukṣi und kośa .

--- OR ---

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):—

1) ākoṣṭhaṃ jyāṃ samutkṛṣya [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 83, 22.] —

3) [Mahābhārata 12, 8793] (nach dem Schol. = hṛdayapuṇḍarīka; vgl. u. bhāṇḍa

3) a) am Ende). [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 10, 41, 20] (am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā). [50, 53.] —

7) = ātmīya [VIŚVA] bei [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 2, 4.] —

8) eine umschlossene Fläche, Feld (z. B. auf einem Schachbrette) [Tithyāditattva im Śabdakalpadruma] u. caturaṅga . [Weber’s Indische Studien 8, 453. fg.] [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 697, 5.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 53, 42.] Vgl. koṣṭhāgāra . —

9) = antargṛha [VIŚVA a. a. O.] (die Genetive kukṣerantargṛhasya befremden). —

10) Nacht [AJAYAPĀLA] bei [AUFRECHT,] [Uṇādisūtra] [Ind.] — Vgl. praśnakoṣṭhī .

--- OR ---

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):—m. = kandu eine eiserne Pfanne [Patañjali] [?a. a. O.1,202,b. 231,a.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ):——

1) m. Eingeweide , namentlich die Behälter von Speise , Flüssigkeiten. u.s.w. , Unterleib. Einmal n.

2) (*m.). n. Vorrathskammer. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. ā. —

3) n. Ringmauer

4) eine umschlossene Fläche , Feld (z.B. auf einem Schachbrett) [Hemādri’s Caturvargacintāmaṇi 1,651.3.5.790,12.] —

5) m. eine Art Gefäss , Tegel , Topf [Bhāvaprakāśa 2,85.] [Carakasaṃhitā 1,14.] —

6) *m. ein inneres Gemach.

7) *the shell of any thing.

8) *n. Eigenthum.

9) *Nacht.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Koshtha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Koṣṭha (कोष्ठ) [Also spelled koshth]:—(nm) an apartment, a chamber; stomach; bracket; ~[baddhatā] constipation; ~[śuddhi] purgation.

context information


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