Kotivarsha, Koṭivarṣa, Koti-varsha, Koṭīvarṣa: 14 definitions


Kotivarsha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Koṭivarṣa and Koṭīvarṣa can be transliterated into English as Kotivarsa or Kotivarsha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kotivarsha in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Koṭivarṣa (देवीकोट) is another name for Devīkoṭa: a sacred place identified with the Mātṛkā named Mahālakṣmī, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—According to the Kubjikā Tantras, the eight major Kaula sacred sites each have a house occupied by a woman of low caste who is identified with a Mother (Mātṛkā).—[...] Devīkoṭa is identified with (a) the class of outcaste woman (antyajā) [or bone fisherwoman (dhīvarī)], (b) the Mātṛkā or ‘mother’ named Mahālakṣmī, and (c) with the location of the teacher’s mouth.

Note: The Kumārikākhaṇḍa calls Devīkoṭa, as does Kubjikāmatatantra (25/94), by its alternative name, that is, Koṭivarṣa.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Kotivarsha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) is the name of an ancient kingdom identified with the city of Devikoṭa (in the Coromandal Coast), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The four constellations from Bharaṇi are known as the first maṇḍala (circle or division). If Venus should reappear in it there will be prosperity in the land; the people of Vaṅga and of Aṅga, the Mahiṣas, the Vāhlīkās and the Kaliṅgas will be afflicted with fears. If Venus, who so reappears in the said circle, should be crossed by a planet, the rulers of the Bhadrās, of the Aśvas, of Śūrasenakas and of the Yaudheyas and Koṭivarṣa will perish”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Kotivarsha in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) is the name of a sacred region, according to the Tantrasadbhāva (verse 6.218): an important Trika Tantra and a major authority for Kashmiri Trika Śaivites.—Accordingly, “For those who know the Self, Prayāga should be understood as located in the [cakra of the] navel, Varuṇā [i.e. Vārāṇasī] in the heart region, Kolagiri in the throat, Bhīmanāda in the palate, Jayantī in the place of Bindu, Caritra in [the plexus] called Nāda, and Ekāmraka in [the plexus of] Śakti. The eighth, Koṭivarṣa, is likewise said to be in the Mouth of the Guru. These are the places I have declared to be present in the person internally”.

Note: This list of eight pīṭhas (e.g., Koṭivarṣa) overlaps with the nine śmaśānas or pīṭhas of the Brahmayāmala’s principal maṇḍala (as outlined in chapter 3); however, it corresponds more precisely to the eight delineated in Brahmayāmala 87. Cf., also, Tantrasadbhāva 15.70:

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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Kotivarsha in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष).—The Prakrit lexicon Pāia-sadda-mahaṇṇavo describes Koṭivarṣa as the capital of Lāṭa country. The name is known to the Jain Prajñāpanā in which it is placed in Lāḍha or Lāṭa. Hemacandra (Abhidānacintāmaṇi 390) says that Koṭivarṣa, Bāṇapura, Devīkoṭa, Umāvana and Śoṇitapura are identical. Puruṣottama (Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 32) agrees with Hemacandra with the only difference that he mentions Uṣāvana in place of Umāvana.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Koṭīvarṣa (कोटीवर्ष) is the name of a city associated with Lāṭa, which refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Lāṭa), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Koṭīvarṣa) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) or Koṭivarṣaviṣaya is a place-name classified as a viṣaya and mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism. Koṭivarṣa has been described as a viṣaya under Puṇḍravardhana-bhukti.

The viṣaya of Koṭivarṣa occurs frequently in the epigraphic records of the Pālas and Senas. It seems to have comprised the southern part of the Dinajpur district, the northern portion of Rajashahi and probably also, the eastern tracts of the Bogra district. Its head-quarters was Diw-kot (Devakoṭa or Devīkoṭa). Yādavaprakāśa identifies Koṭivarṣa with Devīkoṭṭa. The Vāyu-purāṇa (I.23.196) also refers to acity of the name of Koṭivarṣa.

Source: Shodhganga: Studies in the historical and cultural geography and ethnography of Uttar Pradesh

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) or Koṭivarṣaviṣaya is the name of an ancient city active during the rule of the Gupta empire. Koṭivarṣa-vīthī is present Bangarh in the Bogra district of Bengal.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kotivarsha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) or Koṭīvarṣa (कोटीवर्ष).—Name of the capital of the demon-chief Bāṇa.

Derivable forms: koṭivarṣam (कोटिवर्षम्), koṭīvarṣam (कोटीवर्षम्).

Koṭivarṣa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms koṭi and varṣa (वर्ष).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष).—n. (-rṣa) The name of a city, Vanapuri or Devikote, on the Koromandel coast. f.

(-rṣā) A plant used as a medicinal vegetable. (Medicago esculenta:) see piḍiṅga, E. koṭi excellence, varṣa what diffuses.

--- OR ---

Koṭīvarṣa (कोटीवर्ष).—n.

(-rṣaṃ) A name of Vanapura. f.

(-rṣā) Piring, a plant: see koṭivarṣa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष):—[=koṭi-varṣa] [from koṭi > koṭa] n. Name of a city (Vāṇapura or Devikote on the Coromandel coast), [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā ix, 11; Vāyu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] ([varia lectio] ṭī-v, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

3) Koṭivarṣā (कोटिवर्षा):—[=koṭi-varṣā] [from koṭi-varṣa > koṭi > koṭa] f. Medicago esculenta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] ṭī-v).

4) Koṭīvarṣa (कोटीवर्ष):—[=koṭī-varṣa] [from koṭī > koṭa] n. [varia lectio] for ṭi-v q.v.

5) [v.s. ...] (in Prākṛt koḍī-varisa [Jaina literature]; cf. kauṇḍī-vṛṣa.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष):—[koṭi-varṣa] (rṣaṃ) 1. n. Vānapuri or Devikotī on the Coromandal coast. f. (ṣā) A plant (Medicago esculenta).

2) Koṭīvarṣa (कोटीवर्ष):—[koṭī-varṣa] (rṣaṃ) 1. n. See koṭivarṣa.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Koṭivarṣa (कोटिवर्ष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Koṭīvarisa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kotivarsha in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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