Kaustubha: 23 definitions
Kaustubha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)Source: Wisdom Library: Pāñcarātra
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ, “crest jewel”):—One of the nine symbols representing the cosmic principles of the universe, according to the Pāñcarātra literature. These nine weapons and ornaments symbolize the principles which they represent as the presiding deity. The chest jewel (kaustubha) represent the Jīvas (‘individual living beings’).Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) or Kaustubhamudrā is the name of a mudrā described in the Īśvarasaṃhitā 24.25-27.—Accordingly, “O brahmin! the middle, ring and little fingers are to (be bent) so as to each the middle of the palm like fists. There will be two fists in the two hands (when they are joined together). The two index fingers are to be joined together with the slit being the same and stretched. Then the tip shall be joined with the tip of the thumb, in between the index fingers on a mutual basis.”. Mūdra (eg., Kaustubha-mudrā) is so called as it gives joy to the tattvas in the form of karman for those who offer spotless worship, drive out the defects which move about within and without and sealing up of what is done.Source: SriMatham: Vaiṣṇava Iconology based on Pañcarātra Āgama
Chest Jewel (kaustubha):—Upon the chest of Lord Vishnu there is a priceless gem called kaustubha which means treasure-of-the-ocean.
yena sūryāgni vāk candra tejas āsvasvarūpiṇā |
vartate kaustubhākhyaṃ taṃ pravadantīśamāninaḥ ||
That by which the Sun, fire, speech and moon shine in their particular forms That is the form of consciousness known as the gem Kaustubha. (G.u.t.Up 54.)
ātmānamasya jagato nirlepamaguṇāmalam |
bibhartti kaustubhamaṇi svarūpaṃ bhagavān hariḥ ||
The Glorious Hari wears the pure soul of the world, immaculate and free of negative qualities as the Kaustubha gem. (V.P. 1;22;67.)
kaustubha avyapadeśena svātmajyotir bibharyajaḥ |
What He wears as the jewel Kaustubha is the pure Jiva-consciousness. (S.B. 12.11.10)
This total consciousness which is the “World-Soul” known in Vedānta as hiraṇyagarbha (golden matrix) pure, subtle and unstained is the chest-jewel named Kaustubha. This gem is comprised of the totality of the consciousness of all living beings, born from the causal ocean, and it is the enjoyer of material creation.
Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ).—A brilliant precious stone. It is mentioned in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 3; Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa Bālakāṇḍa Sarga 45, Stanza 39 and Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva that this precious stone floated up at the time of the churning of the sea of Milk. This jewel which originated from the ghee in the sea of Milk, was worn on the breast by Viṣṇu. "This divine jewel called Kaustubha came up in the middle of ghee and stayed in the breast of Viṣṇu, spreading its rays everywhere." (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 18, Stanza 37).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
- 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa II. 2. 10; VIII. 4. 19; X. 3. 9; XI. 14. 40; 27. 27; XII. 11. 10.
- 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 9. 73; Matsya-purāṇa 250. 4; 251. 3.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shilpashastra (iconography)Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Kaustubha (“stone”) refers to one of the several “attributes” (āyudha) or “accessories” of a detiy commonly seen depicted in Hindu iconography, defined according to texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The śilpa texts have classified the various accessories under the broad heading of āyudha or karuvi (implement), including even flowers, animals, and musical instruments. The other miscellaneous articles found as attributes in the hands of the deities are, for example, Kaustubha.Source: Shodhganga: Vaisnava Agamas And Visnu Images
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) refers to a type of “ornament” (bhūṣaṇa), as defined in treatises such as the Pāñcarātra, Pādmasaṃhitā and Vaikhānasa-āgamas, extensively dealing with the technical features of temple art, iconography and architecture in Vaishnavism.—Kaustubha, also known as kaustubhamaṇi, is a very special jewel characterized by the five gems (pearl, emerald, sapphire, ruby and diamond) probably representing the five gross elements or Pañcamahābhūtas (earth, water, fire, air, ether). According to the myth of Samudramanchana, Kaustubha emerged during the churning of the milk ocean and was worn by Viṣṇu, becoming thereafter an essential symbol associated to his icon. In some icons, it is represented as an ornament with five gems, which is worn either as a pendant, hanging on a graiveyaka, or as a special feature adorning the long Vanamālā of Viṣṇu.
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)Source: Pure Bhakti: Arcana-dipika - 3rd Edition
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) refers to:—The gem worn on the chest of Viṣṇu. (cf. Glossary page from Arcana-dīpikā).Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) refers to:—A prominent jewel on the chest of the Lord. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).
Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).
General definition (in Hinduism)Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) is a Sanskrit word referring to a jewel worn by Lord Viṣṇu, or Kṛṣṇa, on His chest.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) refers to a jewel and represents one of the nine gifts of the Gods given to Tripṛṣṭha, according to chapter 4.1 [śreyāṃsanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“[...] The Vidyādharas, Jvalanajaṭin and others, mounted their chariots like lions a mountain-plateau. Then drawn by merit, the Gods gave Tripṛṣṭha a divine bow named Śārṅga, a club Kaumodakī, a conch Pāñcajanya, and a jewel named Kaustubha, a sword Nandaka, and a garland Vanamālā. They gave Balabhadra a plough named Saṃvartaka, a pestle named Saumanda, and a club named Candrikā. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Kaustubha.—(CII 3, etc.), a jewel worn on the breast of Viṣṇu. Note: kaustubha is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
kaustubha (कौस्तुभ).—m S One of the fourteen precious things obtained from the ocean on churning it. The jewel of kṛṣṇa suspended on his breast.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
kaustubha (कौस्तुभ).—m The jewel of kṛṣṇa suspended on his breast.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ).—[kustubho jaladhistatra bhavaḥ aṇ]
1) Name of a celebrated gem obtained with 13 other jewels at the churning of the ocean and worn by Viṣṇu on his breast; सकौस्तुभं ह्रेपयतीव कृष्णम् (sakaustubhaṃ hrepayatīva kṛṣṇam) R.6.49;1.1.
2) A kind of oil.
3) A manner of joining the fingers.
4) A twist of hair on a horse's neck; कौस्तुभः स्याद्देवमणौ कण्ठा- वर्तेऽपि वाजिनाम् (kaustubhaḥ syāddevamaṇau kaṇṭhā- varte'pi vājinām) Nm.
Derivable forms: kaustubhaḥ (कौस्तुभः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-bhaḥ) The jewel of Krishna suspended on his breast. E. kustubha a name of Vishnu or Krishna, and aṇ aff.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ).—i. e. ku-stubh + a, m. and n. A jewel worn by Viṣṇu, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 45, 39.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ).—[masculine] [neuter] [Name] of a celebrated jewel, the ornament of Viṣṇu.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum
1) Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—in law, see Tattvakaustubha, Dānakaustubha, Nirṇayakaustubha, Rājakaustubha, Saṃskārakaustubha, Smṛtikaustubha.
2) Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ):—in vedānta and grammar, see Vedāntakaustubha, Śabdakaustubha.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Kaustubha (कौस्तुभ):—mn. (cf. kust), Name of a celebrated jewel (obtained with thirteen other precious things at the churning of the ocean and suspended on the breast of Kṛṣṇa or Viṣṇu), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.
2) m. a manner of joining the fingers, [Tantrasāra]
3) = kiṃtughna, [Atharva-veda; Jyotiṣa]
4) n. a kind of oil (sarṣapodbhava), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra i, 8, 37 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
5) Name of [work]
[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch
1) Name eines bei der Quirlung des Oceans zum Vorschein gekommenen Juwels, welchen Viṣṇu auf der Brust (am Halse) trägt; m. [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 1, 24.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 1, 1, 42.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 223.] [Mahābhārata 1, 1147.] [Harivaṃśa 12187.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 9, 28.] n.: maṇiratnaṃ ca kaustubham [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 45, 39. -] [Mahābhārata 3, 13563.] [Pañcatantra 44, 15.] [Raghuvaṃśa 6, 49. 10, 10.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 2, 2, 10. 3, 21, 11. 8, 8, 5.] kaustubhalakṣaṇa m. ein Beiname Viṣṇu’s [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] kaustubhavakṣas desgl. [Hārāvalī 9.] —
2) m. eine best. Fingerverbindung: anāmāṅguṣṭhasaṃlagnā dakṣiṇasya kaniṣṭhikā . kaniṣṭhayānyayā baddhā tarjanyā dakṣayā tathā .. vāmānāmāṃ ca badhnīyāddakṣiṇāṅguṣṭhamūlake . aṅguṣṭhamadhyame bhūyaḥ saṃyojya saralāḥ parāḥ .. catasro pyagrasaṃlagnā mudrā kaustubhasaṃjñikā . [Tantrasāra im Śabdakalpadruma] —
3) n. eine Art Oel (sarṣapodbhava) [Scholiast] zu [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 1, 8, 37.] —
4) Titel einer Schrift [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1403.] Vgl. śabdakaustubha . — Das Wort wird auf kustubha zurückgeführt.
--- OR ---
1) maṇi [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 43, 3.] bhṛt Beiw. Viṣṇu’s [Spr. 3935.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung
1) m. n. ein best. bei der Quirlung des Oceans zum Vorschein gekommenes Juwel , ein Schmuck Viṣṇu's. —
2) m. eine best. Fingerverbindung. —
3) m. = kintughna [Jyotiṣa zum Av 4,6.5,1,15.] —
4) n. eine Art Oel. —
5) Titel eines Werkes.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Ends with (+27): Advaitacintakaustubha, Advaitakaustubha, Alamkarakaustubha, Bhattakaustubha, Bhavarthakaustubha, Candrabdakaustubha, Chandahkaustubha, Chhandahkaustubha, Danakaustubha, Dattakaustubha, Grahakaustubha, Jatakakaustubha, Karanakaustubha, Kavikaustubha, Kavyakaustubha, Mimamsakaustubha, Mitrakaustubha, Namadheyapadakaustubha, Namakaustubha, Nirnayakaustubha.
Full-text (+71): Kaustubhavakshas, Kaustubhalakshana, Siddhantasara, Devamanaka, Suratoshaka, Kaustubhabhrit, Kaustubhadhaman, Vedantakaustubhaprabha, Kaustubhadushana, Samskarakaustubhadidhiti, Kaustubhiya, Devamani, Shabdakaustubhadushana, Pratishthakaustubha, Vaidyakaustubha, Rajakaustubha, Vedantakaustubha, Bhavarthakaustubha, Shabarakaustubha, Namakaustubha.
Search found 39 books and stories containing Kaustubha; (plurals include: Kaustubhas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)
Verse 2.4.68 < [Chapter 4 - Vaikuṇṭha (the spiritual world)]
Verse 1.5.125 < [Chapter 5 - Priya (the beloved devotees)]
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 3.3.5 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.10 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Verse 2.1.105 < [Part 1 - Ecstatic Excitants (vibhāva)]
Brahma Sutras (Nimbarka commentary) (by Roma Bose)
Brahma-Sūtra 1.3.44 < [Adhikaraṇa 10 - Sūtras 42-44]
Brahma-Sūtra 3.3.56 < [Adhikaraṇa 24 - Sūtra 56]
Brahma-Sūtra 4.4.22 < [Adhikaraṇa 6 - Sūtras 17-22]
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 17 - The Greatness of Veṅkaṭācala < [Section 1 - Veṅkaṭācala-māhātmya]
Chapter 12 - Churning of the Ocean: Birth of Fourteen Precious Jewels < [Section 9 - Vāsudeva-māhātmya]
Chapter 44 - The Greatness of the Name Padmāvatī < [Section 1 - Avantīkṣetra-māhātmya]
The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell)
Yoga Vasistha [English], Volume 1-4 (by Vihari-Lala Mitra)
Chapter XXX - Fall of hiranyakasipu and rise of prahlada < [Book V - Upasama khanda (upashama khanda)]