Jatilakaushika, Jaṭilakauśika, Jatila-kaushika: 1 definition


Jatilakaushika means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Jaṭilakauśika can be transliterated into English as Jatilakausika or Jatilakaushika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Jatilakaushika in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Jaṭilakauśika (जटिलकौशिक) is the name of an ancient ascetic, according to chapter 5.1 [śāntinātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“[...] On the bank of the Airāvatī in the forest Bhūtaratna, Kapila became the son, Dharmila, of the ascetic, Jaṭilakauśika, who was devoted to penance, and of his wife, Pavanavegā, like the union of the yoke-pin and the yoke. Cherished by the women-ascetics like a tree in the court of the hermitage, the boy Dharmila gradually grew up. After taking initiation at the side of his father as a (Śaiva) ascetic, he began foolish penance, for that was his father’s and mother’s kind. [...]”.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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