Kaushiki, Kauśikī: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Kaushiki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kauśikī can be transliterated into English as Kausiki or Kaushiki, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Kauśikī (कौशिकी):—Name of one of the sixty-four mātṛs to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”, or “Durgā’s Retinue”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva. They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ॐ कौशिक्यै नमः
oṃ kauśikyai namaḥ.

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kauśikī (कौशिकी) emerged from Goddess Pārvatī, according to the Devīmāhātmya of the Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa.—Pārvatī who, as her name suggests—‘She who is of the Mountains’—is generally said to be Himavat’s daughter. But she is associated with the young goddess Kālikā from as far back as the Devīmāhātmya of the Mārkaṇḍeyapurāṇa. There we are told that: “Kauśikī emerged from the muscles of Pārvatī, and the latter turned black and become known as Kālikā dwelling in the Himalayas”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kaushiki in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Kauśikī (कौशिकी).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kauśikī (कौशिकी).—(River) in Bhāratavarṣa from the Himalayas visited by Balarāma;1 Satyavatī, mother of Jamadagni became converted into this river;2 sacred to Pitṛs; one of the wives of Havyavāhana fire.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 18 36; V. 19. 18; X. 79. 9; Matsya-purāṇa 114, 22; 163. 60. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 97; 108. 81.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 15. 12 Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 26; III. 7. 355; 66. 59; Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 88.
  • 3) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 63; 51. 14; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 14.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kauśikī (कौशिकी) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.81.80, III.85.9). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kauśikī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Kauśikī also refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) or River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.82.111, III.114.1, VI.10.17, VI.10.28).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Kauśikī (कौशिकी) or Kauśikīvidyā refers to one of the sixteen Vidyās from which are derived the respective classes of Vidyādharas (in this case, Kauśikīpūrvaka), according to chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly,

“[...] After making [the two rows of Vidyādhara-cities], many villages and suburbs, they established communities [viz., the Kauśikīpūrvakas] according to the suitability of place. [...] Dharaṇendra instructed them about the law as follows: ‘If any insolent persons show disrespect or do injury to the Jinas, or the Jinas’ shrines, or to those who will attain mokṣa in this birth, or to any ascetics engaged in pratimā, the Vidyās [viz., Kauśikīs] will abandon them at once, just as wealth abandons lazy people. Whoever kills a man with his wife, or enjoys women against their will, the Vidyās will abandon him at once’.”

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kauśikī (कौशिकी).—Also see Kauśika.

1) Name of a river in Bihar.

2) Name of the goddess Durgā.

3) Name of one of the four varieties of dramatic style; सुकुमारार्थसंदर्भा कौशिकी तासु कथ्यते (sukumārārthasaṃdarbhā kauśikī tāsu kathyate); see S. D.411 et seq. also.

4) The earth; 'गायत्र्याः सांख्यायनगोत्रत्ववद्भूः कौशिकी (gāyatryāḥ sāṃkhyāyanagotratvavadbhūḥ kauśikī)' इति कतकः (iti katakaḥ); त्रातुमर्हसि वीर त्वं पातालादिव कौशिकीम् (trātumarhasi vīra tvaṃ pātālādiva kauśikīm) Rām.5.38.65.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kauśikī (कौशिकी):—[from kauśika > kauśa] a f. Name of a goddess sprung from the body of Pārvatī, [Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa lxxxv, 40; Kālikā-purāṇa; DevīP.]

2) [from kauśika] b f. (in music) Name of a Rāgiṇī

3) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā, [Harivaṃśa 3260 and 3270]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Śikṣā

5) [v.s. ...] of a river in Bahar (commonly Kosi or Koosa, created by Viśvā-mitra, or identified with Satyavatī, the sister of Viśvā-mitra), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a Buddhist female beggar, [Mālavikāgnimitra]

7) [v.s. ...] for kaiśikī q.v., [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

8) [from kauśika] c (f. of ka q.v.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kauśiki (ಕೌಶಿಕಿ):—[noun] a musical mode.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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