Kasturi, Kastūrī, Kastūri: 20 definitions

Introduction:

Kasturi means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी) refers to “musk”. It is used in Ayurvedic literature such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara (Sanskrit book on rasaśāstra, or ‘Indian medicinal alchemy’).

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Kastūri (कस्तूरि) refers to “musk” and is mentioned as one of the fruits used in the treatment of aggravated phlegm, according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Procedure to alleviate kapha (phlegm) after meals: The excess phlegm in the human body can lead to the weakening of digestive fire. Sleeping immediately after the meal will result in the aggravation of phlegm. The excess phlegm must be alleviated by employing fumes of the fragrant substances or consuming fruits [like kastūri (musk), ...]. After a meal, one must walk a few steps. Practising this lightens the food mass and imparts comfort in the neck, knees and loins. [...]

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples and cult of Sri Rama in Tamilnadu (pancaratra)

Kasturi (musk) refers to one of the various items used during the holy bath, as prescribed in Pancaratra literature in the Tamil tradition.—[Kasturi or Musk is usually placed on the forehead as tilaka before the pundra is applied]—Tirumanjanam or abhishekam or “the holy bath” is a picturesque ceremony in a Vishnu temple and forms an essential daily item in the worship. [...] Various items are used for bathing the deity [viz., kasturi], etc. After the bath is over, the images are dried with cloth and dressed with fine clothes and bedecked with ornaments and fresh garlands. A salad, with a mixture of fruits, coconut, honey (panchamirtham) and lemon juice (panagam) and betels, are offered to the deity and later distributed to the devotees.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी) refers to “musk”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[Visualisation of Śakti]:—[...] The tilaka-mark on her forehead is made with musk (kastūrī) thickened with camphor. She has lotus-eyes. She is adorned with rings, armlets, anklets, necklaces etc. Her beautiful lotus face resembles the spotless moon. Her mouth is filled with betel. Her breasts are like golden jars. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी) is the name of a Devī associated with Viṣṇu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.1-9, while describing the appearance and worship of Viṣṇu]—“Or, [the Mantrin] worships a very handsome, eight-armed, yellow Deva. [...] The goddesses Karpūrī, Candanī, Kastūrī, and Kuṅkumī stand at the cardinal directions, and have a similar form as the Deva. The Devīs grant the fruits of the desired siddhis. What more should be said here? [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1

Kasturi (“musk”) is one of the exogamous septs (divisions) among the Kammas (agriculturists and traders). The word Kamma in Telugu means the ear-ornament, such as is worn by women. The Razus, who now claim to be Kshatriyas, were probably descended from Kapus, Kammas, and Velamas.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kastūrī (कस्तूरी).—f (S) pop. kasturī f Musk. 2 A term for a black ṭikalā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kasturī (कस्तुरी).—f Musk. kastūrīmṛga m The musk-deer.

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kastūrī (कस्तूरी).—f Musk. kastūrīmṛga m The musk-deer.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी).—Musk; कस्तूरिकातिलकमालि विधाय सायम् (kastūrikātilakamāli vidhāya sāyam) Bv.2.4;1.121; Ch. P.7.

See also (synonyms): kasturikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी).—f. (-rī) 1. Musk, the animal perfume so called, as brought from Kashmir, Napal, and western Asam or Bhutan, the latter is said to be the best. 2. A plant, (Hibiscus abelmoschus.) 3. Another plant, (Amaryllis zeylanica.) E. kas to go, and tūrac affix; its scent going or spreading; the deriv. is irr.; also kan being added kastūrikā and kasturikā as above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी).—[feminine] musk.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Kastūri (कस्तूरि) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—son of Nāgaya: Kastūrismṛti or Smṛtiśekhara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kastūri (कस्तूरि):—m. Name of the author of a law-book.

2) Kastūrī (कस्तूरी):—[from kastūrikā] f. musk, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa 337, 3; Bhāvaprakāśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] the plant Hibiscus Abelmoschus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] the plant Amaryllis zeylanica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी):—(rī) 3. f. Idem; a plant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Katthūriyā, Katthūrī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kasturi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kasturi in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kastūrī (कस्तूरी):—(nf) musk; —[mṛga] a musk-deer.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kasturi (ಕಸ್ತುರಿ):—[noun] = ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ - [kasturi -] 1.

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Kastūri (ಕಸ್ತೂರಿ):—

1) [noun] a substance with a strong, penetrating odour, obtained from a small sac (musk bag) under the skin of the abdomen in the male musk deer; musk.

2) [noun] a subsect among agricultural community.

3) [noun] the plant Delphinium brunonianum of Ranunculaceae family.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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