Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 5.61.2

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क्व१॒॑ वोऽश्वा॒: क्वा॒३॒॑भीश॑वः क॒थं शे॑क क॒था य॑य । पृ॒ष्ठे सदो॑ न॒सोर्यम॑: ॥
क्व वोऽश्वाः क्वाभीशवः कथं शेक कथा यय । पृष्ठे सदो नसोर्यमः ॥
kva vo 'śvāḥ kvābhīśavaḥ kathaṃ śeka kathā yaya | pṛṣṭhe sado nasor yamaḥ ||

English translation:

“Where are your horses? where your reins? what is your capability? where are you going? The saddle is on the back (of the steeds), the bridle in their nostrils.”


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): śyāvāśva ātreyaḥ [śyāvāśva ātreya];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): marūtaḥ;
Chandas (meter): gāyatrī;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

क्व॑ । वः॒ । अश्वाः॑ । क्व॑ । अ॒भीश॑वः । क॒थम् । शे॒क॒ । क॒था । य॒य॒ । पृ॒ष्ठे । सदः॑ । न॒सोः । यमः॑ ॥
क्व । वः । अश्वाः । क्व । अभीशवः । कथम् । शेक । कथा । यय । पृष्ठे । सदः । नसोः । यमः ॥
kva | vaḥ | aśvāḥ | kva | abhīśavaḥ | katham | śeka | kathā | yaya | pṛṣṭhe | sadaḥ | nasoḥ | yamaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 5.61.2 English analysis of grammar]



“wherein; how; kva [word].”

vo < vaḥ < tvad

[noun], genitive, plural


'śvāḥ < aśvāḥ < aśva

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“horse; aśva [word]; Aśva; stallion.”

kvābhīśavaḥ < kva


“wherein; how; kva [word].”

kvābhīśavaḥ < abhīśavaḥ < abhīśu

[noun], nominative, plural, masculine

“beam; rein.”

kathaṃ < katham



śeka < śak

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“can; invigorate.”




yaya <

[verb], plural, Perfect indicative

“go; enter (a state); travel; disappear; reach; come; campaign; elapse; arrive; drive; reach; leave; run; depart; ride.”

pṛṣṭhe < pṛṣṭha

[noun], locative, singular, neuter

“back; top; top; surface; shell; peak; Pṛṣṭha; flat roof; pṛṣṭha [word]; back; roof.”

sado < sadaḥ < sadas

[noun], nominative, singular, neuter

“mansion; assembly; seat; seat.”

nasor < nasoḥ < nas

[noun], genitive, dual, feminine

“snout; nas.”

yamaḥ < yama

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

“Yama; yama; twin; yam; Yama; two; bridle; yama [word]; Asvins.”

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