Karalini, Karālinī: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Karalini means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Karālinī (करालिनी):—Name of one of the goddesses to be worshipped during Āvaraṇapūjā (“Worship of the Circuit of Goddesses”), according to the Durgāpūjātattva (“The truth concerning Durgā’s ritual”). They should be worshipped with either the five upācāras or perfume and flowers.

Her mantra is as follows:

ह्रीं ओं करालिन्यै नमः
hrīṃ oṃ karālinyai namaḥ

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Karālinī (करालिनी) refers to one of the six Goddesses (parā-ṣaṭka) associated with Oṃkārapīṭha (also called Oḍḍiyāna, Ādipīṭha or Uḍapīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The six Goddesses (parā-ṣaṭka): Uḍāvvā, Raktā, Kālyā, Karālinī, Kālasaṃkarṣaṇī, and Kubjikā who is the supreme goddess (parameśvarī).

2) Karālinī (करालिनी) also refers to the Gesture associated with Oḍḍiyāna, one of the eight Sacred Seats (pīṭha), according to the Yogakhaṇḍa (chapter 14) of the Manthānabhairavatantra.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Karalini in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: The Matsya-purāṇa

Karālinī (करालिनी) is the name of a mind-born ‘divine mother’ (mātṛ), created for the purpose of drinking the blood of the Andhaka demons, according to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.8. The Andhaka demons spawned out of every drop of blood spilled from the original Andhakāsura (Andhaka-demon). According to the Matsya-purāṇa 179.35, “Most terrible they (e.g., Karālinī) all drank the blood of those Andhakas and become exceedingly satiated.”

The Matsyapurāṇa is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, and was originally composed of 20,000 metrical verses, dating from the 1st-millennium BCE. The narrator is Matsya, one of the ten major avatars of Viṣṇu.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Karālinī (करालिनी).—A mindborn mother.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 179. 17.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Karālinī (करालिनी) is the name of a deity, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Oṃ homage to her holiness Vajravārāhī, Vaṃ noble and unconquered, to the totality of the three worlds, To the formidable great lady of heroes and all beings, to the great vajra, To the vajra posture, to the invincible, to the unconquered, Vaśyakarī, Netrabhrāmaṇī, Viṣaśoṣaṇī, Roṣaṇī, Krodhanī, Karālinī, Saṃtrāsaṇī, Māraṇī, Suprabhedaṇī, Jambhanī, Stambhanī, Mohinī, Vajravārāhī, Mahāyogeśvarī, Kāmeśvarī, Khaḍgeśvarī, Hūṃ Hūṃ Hūṃ Phaṭ Phaṭ Phaṭ Svāhā!”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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