Kubjaka: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Kubjaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhavishya-purana

Kubjaka (कुब्जक):—The consequences of using various flowers in worship, (e.g. kubjaka flowers) confers highest prosperity to the worshipper, according to the Bhaviṣya-purāṇa (brahmaparva, 197:1-11)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kubjakā (कुब्जका) refers to a group of Deities, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.4.17 (“The Resuscitation of Gaṇeśa”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “[...] On being commanded by her, the infuriated Śaktis got ready to destroy the gods and others. [...] Karālīs (the Terrific), Kubjakās (the humpbacked), Khañjās (the lame), Lambaśīrṣās (the tall-headed) the innumerable Śaktis took up the gods with their hands and threw them in their own mouths. [...]”

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Kubjaka (कुब्जक) refers to the “rose” plant. Bushes (gulma) of these plants are used to mark the boundary between two villages. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (See the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.247)

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Kubjaka (कुब्जक, “hunchbacked”) refers to one of the six types of Saṃsthāna (structure karma), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which in turn represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. What is meant by hunchbacked (kubjaka) body (saṃsthāna) body-making (nāma) karma? The karmas rise of which causes the hunch backed structure of the body accomplished are called hunchback body body-making karma. 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kubjaka in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Rosa moschata Mill. from the Rosaceae (Rose) family. For the possible medicinal usage of kubjaka, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Kubjaka in India is the name of a plant defined with Rosa moschata in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Rosa moschata Herrm. (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· J. Cytol. Genet. (1989)
· Fl. Hongk. (1861)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kubjaka, for example side effects, chemical composition, health benefits, pregnancy safety, extract dosage, diet and recipes, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kubjaka (कुब्जक).—Name of a tree; Manusmṛti 8.247,5.2.

Derivable forms: kubjakaḥ (कुब्जकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kubjaka (कुब्जक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Humpbacked. m.

(-kaḥ) An aquatic plant, (Trapa bispinosa:) see vārikaṇṭaka. E. ka water, and ubj to be straight, affix ac, and kan added, or kubja and kan aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kubjaka (कुब्जक).—[kubja + ka], I. adj. Humpbacked, [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 77. Ii. m. An aquatic plant, Trapa bispinosa, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 247.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kubjaka (कुब्जक).—[masculine] [Name] of a plant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kubjaka (कुब्जक):—[from kubja] mfn. hump-backed, crooked, [Pañcatantra; Vetāla-pañcaviṃśatikā]

2) [v.s. ...] m. the plant Rosa moschata, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the aquatic plant Trapa bispinosa, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kubjaka (कुब्जक):—(kaḥ) 1. m, An aquatic plant. a. Hump-backed, crooked.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kubjaka (कुब्जक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kujjaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kubjaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kubjaka (ಕುಬ್ಜಕ):—[noun] = ಕುಬ್ಜ [kubja]2 - 1.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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