Radhika, Rādhikā, Rādhika: 8 definitions


Radhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Bhaktabandhav: Jaiva-Dharma

As Śrī Kṛṣṇa is the complete śaktimān-tattva, Śrīmatī Rādhikā is His complete śakti. She can be called the complete svarūpa-śakti. So that They can enact and relish Their līlā, Śrīmatī Rādhikā and Kṛṣṇa are eternally separate, but They are also eternally inseparable, just as musk and its scent are mutually inseparable, and fire and its heat cannot be separate from each other.

That svarūpa-śakti, Śrīmatī Rādhikā, has three kinds of potency of activity (kriyā-śakti). They are known as:

  1. cit-śakti,
  2. jīva-śakti
  3. and māyā-śakti.

The cit-śakti is also called the internal potency (antaraṅga-śakti); māyā-śakti is called the external potency (bahiraṅga-śakti); and the jīva-śakti is called the marginal potency (taṭastha-śakti). Although svarūpa-śakti is one, She acts in these three ways. All the eternal characteristics of svarūpa-śakti are completely present in the cit-śakti, present to a minute degree in the jīva-śakti, and present in a distorted way in the māyā-śakti.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Rādhika (राधिक):—Son of Jayasena (son of Sārvabhauma). He had a son named Ayutāyu. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.10)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Rādhika (राधिक).—Son of Jayasena, and father of Ayuta.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 10.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Ācārya Śrī RKDB: Śrīmatī Rādhikā – The Crest Jewel of All Potencies

Śrīmatī Rādhikā ranks foremost among the aggregation consisting Śrī Kṛṣṇa’s potencies. In the third subsection of Śrī Bhagavat-Sandarbha of Śrīla Jīva Gosvāmīpāda, the potent principle is characterized as the perpetual possessor of divine energies

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rādhikā (राधिका).—See राधा (rādhā) above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rādhika (राधिक):—[from rādh] m. Name of a king (son of Jaya-sena), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) Rādhikā (राधिका):—[from rādhika > rādh] a f. See next.

3) [v.s. ...] b f. endearing form of Rādhā (the Gopī), [Gīta-govinda; Pañcarātra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Radhika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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