The Vishnu Purana

by Horace Hayman Wilson | 1840 | 287,946 words | ISBN-10: 8171102127

The English translation of the Vishnu Purana. This is a primary sacred text of the Vaishnava branch of Hinduism. It is one of the eighteen greater Puranas, a branch of sacred Vedic literature which was first committed to writing during the first millennium of the common era. Like most of the other Puranas, this is a complete narrative from the cr...

Chapter IX - Battle of Raji and Daityas

Descendants of Raji, son of Āyus: Indra resigns his throne to him: claimed after his death by his sons, who apostatize from the religion of the Vedas, and are destroyed by Indra. Descendants of Pratīkṣatra, son of Kṣatravriddha.

RAJI had five hundred sons, all of unequalled daring and vigour. Upon the occurrence of a war between the demons and the gods, both parties inquired of Brahmā which would be victorious. The deity replied, “That for which Raji shall take up arms.” Accordingly the Daityas immediately repaired to Raji, to secure his alliance; which he promised them, if they would make him their Indra after defeating the gods. To this they answered and said, “We cannot profess one thing, and mean another; our Indra is Prahlāda, and it is for him that we wage war.” Having thus spoken, they departed; and the gods then came to him on the like errand. He proposed to them the said conditions, and they agreed that he should be their Indra. Raji therefore joined the heavenly host, and by his numerous and formidable weapons destroyed the army of their enemies.

When the demons were discomfited, Indra placed the feet of Raji upon his head, and said, “Thou hast preserved me from a great danger, and I acknowledge thee as my father; thou art the sovereign chief over all the regions, and I, the Indra of the three spheres, am thy son.” The Rājā. smiled, and said, “Even be it so. The regard that is conciliated by many agreeable speeches is not to be resisted even when such language proceeds from a foe (much less should the kind words of a friend fail to win our affection).” He accordingly returned to his own city, and Indra remained as his deputy in the government of heaven.

When Raji ascended to the skies, his sons, at the instigation of Nārada, demanded the rank of Indra as their hereditary right; and as the deity refused to acknowledge their supremacy, they reduced him to submission by force, and usurped his station. After some considerable time had elapsed, the god of a hundred sacrifices, Indra, deprived of his share of offerings to the immortals, met with Vrihaspati in a retired place, and said to him, “Cannot you give me a little of the sacrificial butter, even if it were no bigger than a jujube, for I am in want of sustenance?” “If,” replied Vrihaspati, “I had been applied to by you before, I could have done any thing for you that you wished; as it is, I will endeavour and restore you in a few days to your sovereignty.” So saying, he commenced a sacrifice for the purpose of increasing the might of Indra, and of leading the sons of Raji into error, and so effecting their downfall[1]. Misled by their mental fascination, the princes became enemies of the Brahmans, regardless of their duties, and contemners of the precepts of the Vedas; and thus devoid of morality and religion, they were slain by Indra, who by the assistance of the priest of the gods resumed his place in heaven. Whoever hears this story shall retain for ever his proper place, and shall never be guilty of wicked acts.

Rambha, the third son of Āyus, had no progeny[2]. Kṣatravriddha had a son named Pratīkṣatra[3]; his son was Sañjaya; his son was Vijaya[4]; his son was Yajñakrit[5]; his son was Harshavarddhana[6]; his son was Sahadeva; his son was Adīna[7]; his son was Jayasena; his son was Saṅkriti; his son was Kṣatradharman[8]. These were the descendants of Kṣatravriddha. I will now mention those of Nahuṣa.

Footnotes and references:


The Matsya says he taught the sons of Raji the Jinadharma or Jain religion.


The Bhāgavata enumerates however, as his descendants, Rabhasa, Gambhīra, and Akriya, whose posterity became Brahmans. The same authority gives as the descendants of Anenas, the fourth son of Āyus, Śuddha, Śuci, Trikakud, and Śāntākhya.


The Vāyu agrees with our text in making Pratipakṣa (Pratikṣatra) the son of Kṣattravriddha; but the Brāhma P. and Hari V. consider Anenas to be the head of this branch of the posterity of Āyus. The Bhāgavata substitutes Kuśa, the Leśa, of our text, the grandson of Kṣatravriddha, for the first name; and this seems most likely to be correct. Although the different MSS. agree in reading ### it should be perhaps ### the patronymic Kṣātravriddha; making then, as the Bhāgavata does, Pratīkṣatra the son of the son of Kṣatravriddha.


Jaya: Bhāgavata, Vāyu.


Vijaya: Vāyu. Krita: Bhāgavata,


Haryaśva: Brāhma, Hari V. Haryavana: Bhāgavata.


The last of the list: Vāyu. Ahīna: Bhāgavata.


Kṣatravriddha: Brāhma, Hari V.

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