Hina, aka: Hīna; 8 Definition(s)


Hina means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


[Hina in Purana glossaries]

Hīna (हीन):—Son of Sahadeva (son of Haryabala). He had a son named Jayasena. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.17.17)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Hīna (हीन).—(Ahīna)—a son of Sahadeva and father of Jayasena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 17. 17.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of hina in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Hina in Theravada glossaries]

M (Bad, vile.)

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

Discover the meaning of hina in the context of Theravada from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Hina in Pali glossaries]

hīna : (pp. of hāyati) diminished; dwindled; wasted away. (adj.), low; inferior; base; despicable.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Hīna, (pp. of jahati) 1. inferior, low; poor, miserable; vile, base, abject, contemptible, despicable Vin.I, 10; D.I, 82, 98; S.II, 154 (hīnaṃ dhātuṃ paṭicca uppajjati hīnā saññā); III, 47; IV, 88, 309 (citta h. duggata); D.III, 106, 111 sq., 215 (dhātu); A.II, 154; III, 349 sq.; V, 59 sq.; Sn.799, 903 sq.; Nd1 48, 103, 107, 146; J.II, 6; Pv IV.127 (opp. paṇīta); Vv 2413 (=lāmaka VvA.116); Dhs.1025; DhsA.45; Miln.288; Vism.13; DhA.III, 163.—Often opposed to ukkaṭṭha (exalted, decent, noble), e.g. Vin.IV, 6; J.I, 20, 22; III, 218; VbhA.410; or in graduated sequence hīna (›majjhima)›paṇīta (i.e. low, medium, excellent), e.g. Vism.11, 85 sq., 424, 473. See majjhima.—2. deprived of, wanting, lacking Sn.725= It.106 (ceto-vimutti°); Pug.35.—hīnāya āvattati to turn to the lower, to give up orders, return to secular life Vin.I, 17; S.II, 231; IV, 191; Ud.21; A.III, 393 sq.; M.I, 460; Sn.p. 92; Pug.66; hīnāya vattati id. J.I, 276; hīnāy’āvatta one who returns to the world M.I, 460, 462; S.II, 50; IV, 103; Nd1 147.

—âdhimutta having low inclinations J.III, 87; Pug.26; °ika id. S.II, 157; It.70. —kāya inferior assembly VvA.298 (here meaning Yamaloka); PvA.5. —jacca lowborn, low-caste J.II, 5; III, 452; V, 19, 257. —vāda one whose doctrine is defective Sn.827; Nd1 167. —viriya lacking in energy It.116; DhA.I, 75; II, 260. (Page 732)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of hina in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

[Hina in Marathi glossaries]

hīṇa (हीण).—n (hīna S) Alloy. 2 fig. Meanness or baseness: also a mean trait or feature; a failing, foible, blemish, or imperfection. Pr. rīṇa phiṭēla paṇa hīṇa phiṭata nāhīṃ.

--- OR ---

hīna (हीन).—a (S) Deficient or defective; that wants or is without (in a measure or utterly). Used abundantly in comp.--as dravyahīna, sampattihīna, buddhi- hīna, sāmarthyahīna, tējahīna, krauryahīna. Of such only the most current are inserted in order. 2 Base, low, vile, mean. hīna forms compounds of another class, very valuable, but not suitable to appear in order. Ex. hīnakula Of low family; hīnakauśalya Of poor or mean skill; hīnacāturya Of poor capacity; hīnadātṛtva Of scanty munificence or liberality; hīnabuddhi Of feeble understanding or judgement; hīnabhāgya Of poor fortune or destiny; hīnadravya, hīnavaktṛtva, hīnaśakti, hīnasāmarthya, hīnā- vasthā &c.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

hīṇa (हीण).—n Alloy. Meanness; a failing.

--- OR ---

hīna (हीन).—a Deficient; that wants or is with- out. Base. f Emulation.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of hina in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Hina in Sanskrit glossaries]

Hīna (हीन).—p. p. [hā-kta tasya naḥ ītvam]

1) Left, abandoned, forsaken &c.; यो वैश्यः स्याद् बहुपशुर्हीनक्रतुरसोमपः । कुटुम्बात् तस्य तद् द्रव्यमाहरेद्यज्ञसिद्धये (yo vaiśyaḥ syād bahupaśurhīnakraturasomapaḥ | kuṭumbāt tasya tad dravyamāharedyajñasiddhaye) || Ms.11.12.

2) Destitute or deprived of, bereft of, without; (with instr. or in comp.); तया (tayā) (saṃtatyā) हीनं विधातर्मां कथं पश्यन्न दूयसे (hīnaṃ vidhātarmāṃ kathaṃ paśyanna dūyase) R.1.7; गुणैर्हीना न शोभन्ते निर्गन्धा इव किंशुकाः (guṇairhīnā na śobhante nirgandhā iva kiṃśukāḥ) Subhāṣ.; so द्रव्य°, मति°, उत्साह° (dravya°, mati°, utsāha°) &c.; अन्नहीनो देहद्राष्ट्रं मन्त्रहीनस्तु ऋत्विजः । दीक्षितं दक्षिणाहीनो नास्ति यज्ञसमो रिपुः (annahīno dehadrāṣṭraṃ mantrahīnastu ṛtvijaḥ | dīkṣitaṃ dakṣiṇāhīno nāsti yajñasamo ripuḥ) Ms.11.4 (v. l.)

3) Excluded, shut out from (with abl.).

4) Decayed, wasted.

5) Deficient, defective; हीनातिरिक्तगात्रो वा तमप्यपनयेत्ततः (hīnātiriktagātro vā tamapyapanayettataḥ) Ms.3.242.

6) Subtracted.

7) Less, lower; हीनान्नवस्त्रवेषः स्यात् सर्वदा गुरु- संनिधौ (hīnānnavastraveṣaḥ syāt sarvadā guru- saṃnidhau) Ms.2.194; हीना हीनान् प्रसूयन्ते (hīnā hīnān prasūyante) 1.31.

8) Low, base, mean, vile.

9) Defeated (in a low-suit).

1) Lost, strayed from (a caravan).

-naḥ 1 A defective witness.

2) A faulty respondent; (Nārada enumarates five kinds:-anyavādī kriyādveṣī nopasthāyī niruttaraḥ | āhūtaprapalāyī ca hīnaḥ pañcavidhaḥ smṛtaḥ ||).

3) Substraction.

-nā A female mouse; cf. दीना (dīnā).

-nam Deficiency, want.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of hina in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 115 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Hīnayāna (हीनयान).—Name of the earliest systems of Buddhist doctrine. Derivable forms: hīnayāna...
Guṇahīna (गुणहीन).—a. 1) void of merit', meritless; काममामरणात्तिष्ठेद्- गृहे कन्यर्तुमत्यपि । ...
Gatihīna (गतिहीन).—a. without refuge, helpless, forlorn.Gatihīna is a Sanskrit compound consist...
Varṇahīna (वर्णहीन).—a. outcast.Varṇahīna is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms varṇa ...
Aṅgahīna (अङ्गहीन).—a. [tṛ. ta.] 1) mutilated, deprived of some defective limb (aṅgaṃ hīnaṃ yat...
Arthahīna (अर्थहीन).—a. 1) deprived of wealth, poor. 2) unmeaning, nonsensical. 3) failing.Arth...
Daivahīna (दैवहीन).—a. ill-fated, unfortunate, unlucky.Daivahīna is a Sanskrit compound consist...
Hīnajāti (हीनजाति).—a. 1) of a low caste. 2) excommunicated, outcaste, degraded; हीनजातिस्त्रिय...
Hīnavāda (हीनवाद).—a defective statement, contradictory evidence, prevarication. Derivable form...
Saṃskārahīna (संस्कारहीन).—a. (a person of one of the three higher castes) over whom the purifi...
Hīnasevā (हीनसेवा).—attendance on base persons.Hīnasevā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Hīnasakhya (हीनसख्य).—associating with low persons. Derivable forms: hīnasakhyam (हीनसख्यम्).Hī...
Hīnāṅga (हीनाङ्ग).—a. deficient in a limb, crippled, maimed, defective; हीनाङ्गी वाधिकाङ्गी वा ...
Kamaica Hina
kamāīcā hīna (कमाईचा हीन).—a (kamāī Gettings: here used for Stock or store of merit in the prec...
Vidhihīna (विधिहीन).—a. devoid of rule, unauthorised, irregular.Vidhihīna is a Sanskrit compoun...

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: