Jangala, aka: Jāṅgala, Jaṅgala; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jangala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Jāṅgala (देश, “forest”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Vāta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Āyurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल, “dry”) or Jāṅgaladeśa refers to “dry land” and represents one of the three classifications of “land” (deśa), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “contrary to ānūpa, the dry land [jāṅgala-deśa] is fertile for Mudga (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) or Leguminous grains and rice and barley type of grains. It is a warm and good land capable of increasing pitta-doṣa and the adaptability of its inhabitants, who may be free from passion. The cows and goats of such a a land yield more milk. Its wells contain sufficient water”.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Jangala in Purana glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—A country in ancient India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 56).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—(c) a kingdom of Madhyadeśa and a tribe.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 109; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 34.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.53.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jāṅgala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Jāṅgala (त्रिसन्धि) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Jāṅgala) is named Kapardi. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Jāṅgala.—(IA 18), cf. s-ānūpa-jāṅgala, an epithet of the gift land; either ‘arid’ or ‘covered with jungle’. Note: jāṅgala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jangala in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jaṅgala : (nt.) jungle; a sandy and waterless place.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Jaṅgala, (nt.) a rough, sandy & waterless place, jungle A. V, 21; J. IV, 71; VvA. 338. Cp. ujjaṅgala. (Page 277)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Jangala in Marathi glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jaṅgala (जंगल).—m ( P) Verdigrise.

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jaṅgala (जंगल).—n (S) A forest or wood: also a waste, wild, drear, desert place gen. Pr.jaṅgalacā vārā gharacā bhārā. jaṃ0 phiraṇēṃ To go amongst the bushes (to ease nature), i. e. to go anywhere for this purpose.

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jaṅgala (जंगल).—a C Wasted and worn with age--man or animal.

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jaṅgala (जंगल).—f A ploughshare.

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jaṅgalā (जंगला).—m A particular rāgiṇī. See rāga.

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jaṅgalā (जंगला).—m ( P) Verdigrise.

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jaṅgāla (जंगाल).—m () Verdigrise.

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jāṅgala (जांगल).—f Linking together &c. See jāṅgaḍa Sig. III.

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jāṅgalā (जांगला) [or जांगळा, jāṅgaḷā].—a (jaṅgala) A contemptuous or careless epithet for an European.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṅgala (जंगल).—n A forest or wood; also a waste wild, desert place. m Verdigris. p Wasted and worn with age.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṅgala (जङ्गल).—a. [gal-yaṅ-ac pṛṣo°] Desert, waste.

-laḥ, -lam Flesh, meat.

-lam 1 A desert, dreary ground, waste land.

2) A thicket, forest.

3) A secluded or unfrequented place.

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Jaṅgāla (जङ्गाल).—A ridge of earth running along the edge of a field to collect water and to form a passage over it, land-mark.

Derivable forms: jaṅgālaḥ (जङ्गालः).

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Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—a., (- f.) [जङ्गले भवः जङ्गलप्रायो वा अण् (jaṅgale bhavaḥ jaṅgalaprāyo vā aṇ)]

1) Rural, picturesque.

2) Wild.

3) Savage, barbarous.

4) Arid, desert.

-laḥ The francoline partridge.

-lam Flesh, flesh of deer &c.; Māl.5.5.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṅgala (जङ्गल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Desert, solitary, waste, jungle, wild, &c. n.

(-laṃ) Flesh. E. jaṅga for jaṅgama moveable, and la what brings, or takes, i. e. appertaining to moveable beings, as beasts birds, &c. gala-yaṅ-ac pṛṣodarāditvāt .

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Jaṅgāla (जङ्गाल).—m.

(-laḥ) A land mark, a limit, a boundary, a ridge of earth running along the edge of a field for collecting water and forming a passage over it. E. jaṅga locomotion, and la what makes, āṅ prefixed, with the sense of limitation. gama-yaṅ luk vā ḍa . jaṅgaṃ kuṭilagatiṃ alati vārayati al aṇ .

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Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) 1. Rural, picturesque, diversified with hill, vale, wood, and water, (country) 2. Wild, jangali, barbarous, savage. 3. Wild, (not tame, as an animal, &c.) m.

(-laḥ) The francoline partridge. f. (-lī) Cowach, (Carpopogon pruriens.) n.

(-laṃ) 1. Flesh 2. Game, the flesh of deer, &c. E. jaṅgala a wilderness, and aṇ aff. jaṅgale bhavaḥ jaṅgalaprāyo vā .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 18 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Kurujangala
Kurujāṅgala (कुरुजाङ्गल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.89.43) and represents o...
Jangaladesha
Jāṅgaladeśa (जाङ्गलदेश) or simply Jāṅgala refers to “dry land” and represents one of the three ...
Rishijangala
Ṛṣijāṅgala (ऋषिजाङ्गल).—the plant ऋक्षगन्धा (ṛkṣagandhā), (Mar. mhaisavela). Derivable forms: ṛ...
Jangalamriga
Jāṅgalamṛga (जाङ्गलमृग) is the Sanskrit name for a group of animals referring to “animals li...
Dirghajangala
Dīrghajaṅgala (दीर्घजङ्गल).—a. kind of fish. Derivable forms: dīrghajaṅgalaḥ (दीर्घजङ्गलः).Dīrg...
Desha
Deśa (देश).—m. (-śaḥ) 1. A country, a region, whether inhabited or uninhabited. 2. A part, a po...
Madhya
Madhya (मध्य).—mfn. (-dhyaḥ-dhyā-dhyaṃ) 1. Middle, intermediate. 2. Right, proper, reasonable. ...
Anupa
Anūpa (अनूप, “wet”) or Anūpadeśa refers to “wet land” and represents one of the three classific...
Ahicchatra
Ahicchatra (अहिच्छत्र) or Chatravatī (modern Ramnagar) is one of the alleged ancient capitals o...
Sadharana
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Samudra
Sāmudra (सामुद्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.47, IX.44.11) and represen...
Kapardi
Kapardī.—(EI 9; CII 4), a cowrie-shell used as coin. Note: kapardī is defined in the “Indian ep...
Janghala
Jaṅghāla (जङ्घाल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Quick, rapid, going quickly. m. (-laḥ) 1. A courier. 2. A...
Saikata
Saikata (सैकत).—n. of a Buddhist monk (who became insane): MSV i.ix.10,16.
Ujjangala
Ujjaṅgala, (ud + jaṅgala) hard, barren soil; a very sandy and deserted place D. II, 146 (°naga...

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