Jangala, Jāṅgala, Jaṅgala: 23 definitions
Jangala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Jāṅgala (देश, “forest”):—One of the six types of habitats (deśa).—These geographical habitats are divided according to their bhūtas. Jāṅgala has a predominance of Vāta. Skilled physicians should account for the nature of the habitat when treating a patient. The word is used throughout Ayurvedic (India medicine) literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā.Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल) refers to “(water from) the jungle”, as mentioned in verse 5.13-14 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] as concerns (water from) wells, ponds [viz., jāṅgala: jāṅgalānūpaśailataḥ], etc., one should know (if it comes) from jungle, swamp, or rock. No water or, in case of incapability, little (is) to be drunk by those suffering from weak digestion and visceral induration (and) by those suffering from jaundice, abdominal swellings, diarrhea, hemorrhoids, dysentery, and cutaneous swellings. Except in autumn and summer, even a healthy man shall drink only little”.Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल, “dry”) or Jāṅgaladeśa refers to “dry land” and represents one of the three classifications of “land” (deśa), as defined in the first chapter (ānūpādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). Accordingly, “contrary to ānūpa, the dry land [jāṅgala-deśa] is fertile for Mudga (Phaseolus aureus Roxb.) or Leguminous grains and rice and barley type of grains. It is a warm and good land capable of increasing pitta-doṣa and the adaptability of its inhabitants, who may be free from passion. The cows and goats of such a a land yield more milk. Its wells contain sufficient water”.Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल) refers to “forest water” and is classified as terrestial type of water (jala) according to the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The water is classified into two as celestial and terrestrial ones. Terrestrial waters are classified into three [viz., forest originated (jāṅgala)].
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—A country in ancient India. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 56).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—(c) a kingdom of Madhyadeśa and a tribe.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 40; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 109; Matsya-purāṇa 114. 34.
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. V.53.7) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Jāṅgala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism
Jāṅgala (त्रिसन्धि) is a Sanskrit word referring to one of the sixty-eight places hosting a svāyambhuvaliṅga, one of the most sacred of liṅgas according to the Śaivāgamas. The presiding deity residing over the liṅga in this place (Jāṅgala) is named Kapardi. The list of sixty-eight svāyambhuvaliṅgas is found in the commentary of the Jirṇoddhāra-daśaka by Nigamajñānadeva. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra
1) Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल) (distinguished by the city Ahicchatra) refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.
Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Jāṅgala), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Ahicchatra) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.
2) Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल) is the name of an ancient kingdom, according to chapter 4.2 [vāsupūjya-caritra].—Accordingly, as Vasupūjya and Jayā spoke to Vāsupūjya, “All the existing kings, among men and the Vidyādharas, who are of good family, capable, heroic, wealthy, famous, possessing the fourfold army, known for guarding their subjects, free from blemish, faithful to engagements, always devoted to dharma, in Madhyadeśa, Vatsadeśa, [...] and also [... the Jāṅgalas, ...] and other realms in the north. [...] These now, son, beg us constantly through messengers, who are sent bearing valuable gifts, to give their daughters to you. [...]”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
India history and geographySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
Jāṅgala.—(IA 18), cf. s-ānūpa-jāṅgala, an epithet of the gift land; either ‘arid’ or ‘covered with jungle’. Note: jāṅgala is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
jaṅgala : (nt.) jungle; a sandy and waterless place.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Jaṅgala, (nt.) a rough, sandy & waterless place, jungle A. V, 21; J. IV, 71; VvA. 338. Cp. ujjaṅgala. (Page 277)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
jaṅgala (जंगल).—m ( P) Verdigrise.
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jaṅgala (जंगल).—n (S) A forest or wood: also a waste, wild, drear, desert place gen. Pr.jaṅgalacā vārā gharacā bhārā. jaṃ0 phiraṇēṃ To go amongst the bushes (to ease nature), i. e. to go anywhere for this purpose.
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jaṅgala (जंगल).—a C Wasted and worn with age--man or animal.
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jaṅgala (जंगल).—f A ploughshare.
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jaṅgalā (जंगला).—m A particular rāgiṇī. See rāga.
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jaṅgalā (जंगला).—m ( P) Verdigrise.
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jaṅgāla (जंगाल).—m () Verdigrise.
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jāṅgala (जांगल).—f Linking together &c. See jāṅgaḍa Sig. III.
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jāṅgalā (जांगला) [or जांगळा, jāṅgaḷā].—a (jaṅgala) A contemptuous or careless epithet for an European.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
jaṅgala (जंगल).—n A forest or wood; also a waste wild, desert place. m Verdigris. p Wasted and worn with age.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Jaṅgala (जङ्गल).—a. [gal-yaṅ-ac pṛṣo°] Desert, waste.
-laḥ, -lam Flesh, meat.
-lam 1 A desert, dreary ground, waste land.
2) A thicket, forest.
3) A secluded or unfrequented place.
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Jaṅgāla (जङ्गाल).—A ridge of earth running along the edge of a field to collect water and to form a passage over it, land-mark.
Derivable forms: jaṅgālaḥ (जङ्गालः).
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Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—a., (-lī f.) [जङ्गले भवः जङ्गलप्रायो वा अण् (jaṅgale bhavaḥ jaṅgalaprāyo vā aṇ)]
1) Rural, picturesque.
3) Savage, barbarous.
4) Arid, desert.
-laḥ The francoline partridge.
-lam Flesh, flesh of deer &c.; Māl.5.5.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Jaṅgala (जङ्गल).—m. (Sanskrit Lex. and Pali id., according to [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] nt., which its citations do not prove; jaṅgalāni Jātaka (Pali) iv.71.1 is an adj.), wild place, jungle: khānayet kūpa jaṅgale Saddharmapuṇḍarīka 235.11 (verse); ujjaṅgalo ca jaṅgalo Mahāvastu ii.207.5, 8 (treated as n. pr. (proper name) by Senart, Index).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Desert, solitary, waste, jungle, wild, &c. n.
(-laṃ) Flesh. E. jaṅga for jaṅgama moveable, and la what brings, or takes, i. e. appertaining to moveable beings, as beasts birds, &c. gala-yaṅ-ac pṛṣodarāditvāt .
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(-laḥ) A land mark, a limit, a boundary, a ridge of earth running along the edge of a field for collecting water and forming a passage over it. E. jaṅga locomotion, and la what makes, āṅ prefixed, with the sense of limitation. gama-yaṅ luk vā ḍa . jaṅgaṃ kuṭilagatiṃ alati vārayati al aṇ .
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(-laḥ-lī-laṃ) 1. Rural, picturesque, diversified with hill, vale, wood, and water, (country) 2. Wild, jangali, barbarous, savage. 3. Wild, (not tame, as an animal, &c.) m.
(-laḥ) The francoline partridge. f. (-lī) Cowach, (Carpopogon pruriens.) n.
(-laṃ) 1. Flesh 2. Game, the flesh of deer, &c. E. jaṅgala a wilderness, and aṇ aff. jaṅgale bhavaḥ jaṅgalaprāyo vā .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jaṅgala (जङ्गल).—[jaṅgal + a] (frequentat. of gal? cf. glai), adj. Dry, desert.
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Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—i. e. jaṅgala + a, I. adj. 1. Dry, even and productive (country), [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 69. 2. Existing in such a country, [Suśruta] 1, 184, 12. 3. Belonging to game which lives in such a country, [Suśruta] 1, 72, 2. Ii. n. Game, [Suśruta] 2, 342, 21. Iii. m. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 5, 2127.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल).—[adjective] arid, level, fertile (land); living in such a country. [masculine] a kind of partridge; [neuter] deer, game.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Jaṅgala (जङ्गल):—mfn. arid, sterile, desert, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
2) m. = -patha, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
3) meat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
4) n. idem
5) = gula, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
6) cf. dīrgha-, jāṅg.
7) Jaṅgāla (जङ्गाल):—m. a dyke, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) Jāṅgala (जाङ्गल):—mfn. ([from] jaṅg) arid, sparingly grown with trees and plants (though not unfertile; covered with jungle, [Horace H. Wilson]), [Manu-smṛti vii, 69; Yājñavalkya i, 320; Suśruta] etc.
9) found or existing in a jungly district (water, wood, deer), [Suśruta]
10) made of arid wood, coming from wild deer[, i, iii; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi i, 5, 375]
11) wild, not tame, [Horace H. Wilson]
12) savage, [Horace H. Wilson]
13) m. the francoline partridge, [Siṃhāsana-dvātriṃśikā or vikramāditya-caritra, jaina recension xxvi, 2]
14) Name of a man, [Śatruṃjaya-māhātmya x, 138 ff.]
15) [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata v, 2127; vi, 346 and 364] (cf. kuru-)
16) n. venison, [Suśruta]
17) meat, [Bālarāmāyaṇa iii, 3]
18) for gula q.v.
19) cf. ṛṣi-jāṅgalikī.
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Full-text (+10): Laghujangala, Kurujangala, Dirghajangala, Jangali, Jangalapathika, Rishijangala, Jangalapatha, Kurukurujangala, Desha, Jangalata, Narajangala, S-anupa-jangala, Ahicchatra, Jangaladesha, Ujjangala, Jangula, Anupa, Jangalapala, Saikata, Madhya.
Search found 27 books and stories containing Jangala, Jāṅgala, Jaṅgala, Jaṅgalā, Jaṅgāla, Jāṅgalā; (plurals include: Jangalas, Jāṅgalas, Jaṅgalas, Jaṅgalās, Jaṅgālas, Jāṅgalās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
Sri Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 29: The people in the Manuṣyaloka < [Chapter III - The initiation and omniscience of Ajita]
Part 7: Refusal to marry < [Chapter II - Vāsupūjyacaritra]
Part 5: Expedition of conquest < [Chapter I - Brahmadattacaritra]
Philosophy of Charaka-samhita (by Asokan. G)
Sushruta Samhita, Volume 6: Uttara-tantra (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Chapter XXVI - Treatment of diseases of the head < [Canto I - Shalakya-tantra (ears, eyes, nose, mouth and throat)]
Chapter XLIII - Symptoms and Treatment of Heart-disease (Hridroga) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]
Chapter XLII - Symptoms and Treatment of Abdominal Tumors (Gulma) < [Canto III - Kaya-chikitsa-tantra (internal medicine)]