Kajangala, Kajaṅgala, Kajaṅgalā: 2 definitions


Kajangala means something in Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1) A nun who lived in Kajangala. Once when the Buddha was residing in the Veluvana there, the inhabitants of the village went to her and asked her to explain in detail what the Buddha had taught them in brief. This she did, and when the matter was reported to the Buddha, he praised her very highly (A.v.54ff). The exposition given by her is quoted in the Khuddakapatha Commentary (pp.80, 83, 85). Her story is given in detail in the Avadanasataka (ii.41ff).

2) A township which formed the eastern boundary of the Majjhimadesa. Beyond it was Mahasala (Vin.i.197; DA.i.173; MA.i.316, etc.; AA.i.55, etc.; J.i.49; Mbv.12). In the Buddhas time it was a prosperous place where provisions could easily be obtained (dabbasambharasulabha) (J.iv.310). Once when the Buddha was staying in the Veluvana at Kajangala, the lay followers there heard a sermon from the Buddha and went to the nun Kajangala to have it explained in detail (A.v.54f). On another occasion the Buddha stayed in the Mukheluvana and was visited there by Uttara, the disciple of Parasariya. Their conversation is recorded in the Indriyabhavana Sutta (M.iii.298ff). In the Milindapanha (p.10), Kajangala is described as a brahmin village and is given as the place of Nagasenas birth. In the Kapota Jataka mention is made of Kajangala, and the scholiast (J.iii.226-7) explains that it may be the same as Benares. According to the scholiast of the Bhisa Jataka (J.iv.311), the tree spirit mentioned in that story was the chief resident monk in an old monastery in Kajangala, which monastery he repaired with difficulty during the time of Kassapa Buddha.

Kajangala is identified with the Kie chu hoh khi lo of Hiouen Thsang, which he describes as a district about two thousand li in circumference. (Beal, Bud. Records, ii.193, and n.; see also Cunningham, A.G.I.723). It may also be identical with the town Pundavardhana mentioned in the Divyavadana (p.21f). The Avadanasataka (ii.41) calls it Kacangala.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Kajaṅgala (कजङ्गल) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāvagga as well as in the Sumaṅgalavilāsinī, Kajaṅgala is stated to have been the eastern limit of the Majjhimadesa [the western boundary of the Pūrvadeśa?]. It is the Ka-chu-wen-ki-lo [Kachu-wen-ki-lo] of Yuan Chwang who says that it was 2,000 li in circuit. It is mentioned as Kajaṅgala [Kayaṅgala?] in the commentary on the Rāmapālacarita.

A Jātaka story tells us that Kajaṅgala was, even in Buddha’s time, an ancient place where food could easily be got. From the Milinda-pañho we know that Kajaṅgala was a brāhmaṇagāma and was the place of Nāgasena’s birth. The Aṅguttara Nikāya tells us that the Buddha once dwelt at Veluvana in Kajaṅgala. In the Majjhima Nikāya we read that the Buddha resided at Mukheluvana in Kajaṅgala and delivered the Indriyabhāvanā Sutta.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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