Jangama, Jāṅgama, Jaṅgama, Jamgama: 23 definitions

Introduction:

Jangama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Images (photo gallery)

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Jāṅgama (जाङ्गम, “animal products”) refers to a kind of classification for dravya (‘substance’), according to its source. The term is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā. Dravyas are the basic elemental substances from which all things emerge; they are composed the five mahābhūtas and act as receptacle for guṇas (‘qualties’).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Snake bite treatment in Prayoga samuccayam

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम) or Jaṅgamaviṣa refers to “inanimate poison” and represents one of the two kinds of “poison” (viṣa), and is dealt with in the 20th century Prayogasamuccaya (one of the most popular and widely practised book in toxicology in Malayalam).—Prayoga-samuccayam contains many simple and practically feasible formulations which can be easily prepared and used for managing poisoned conditions (viz., sthāvara-viṣa). It is a compiled work which contains the cream of many toxicology books and saṃhitās (compendiums) which can give confidence to young practitioners of Ayurvedic system in handling emergencies with simple combinations.

The work classifies viṣa into two groups, viz. sthāvara and jaṅgama (animate and inanimate). This is followed by a brief description of the origin of snakes.

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Jāṅgama (जाङ्गम):—Substance of animal origin like honey, milk, flesh, blood, nail, etc.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम) or Karmabimba refers to images that are closely linked to the main image but are subjected to other forms of worship or are moveable. They are usually made out of metal. The karma bimba is linked to the mūla-beras. According to Ganapati Sthapati, “If the mūla-bera is fashioned standing then the karma-bimba should also be in standing posture. If the mūla-bera is fashioned seated, then the karma-bimba should also be seated or standing. If the mūla-bera is in reclining posture, the karma-bimba may be standing or seated, but not reclining”.

Shilpashastra book cover
context information

Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम) refers to the “mobile aspect” of Mount Himavat, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.1.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] O excellent sage, there in the northern region is a mountain called Himavat who is the lord of mountains and has great splendour and prosperity. His twofold aspects—that of a mobile nature (i.e., jaṅgama) and that of the immobile one—are well known. I succinctly describe his subtle form. He is beautiful and is the storehouse of multifarious gems. Extending from the eastern to the western ocean he appears like a measuring rod of the Earth”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम) or Jaṅgamaliṅga refers to “mobile (images)”, according to verse 4.243 of the Mohacūrottara (Mohacūḍottara), a Śaiva text from the 10th century.—Accordingly, “The reward that a wise man gains from establishing a mobile image (jaṅgamajaṅgamam liṅgam) [i.e. an ascetic] in a maṭha is the same as the reward that he gains from establishing a fixed image in a temple”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Vastushastra from relevant books on Exotic India

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jaṅgama.—cf. sa-sthāvara jaṅgama (IE 8-5); the moveable belongings of a village. (SITI), a priest of the Liṅgāyat or Vīraśaiva sect. Note: jaṅgama is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Jangama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaṅgama : (adj.) movable.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Pali from relevant books on Exotic India

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṅgama (जंगम).—a (S) Locomotive: opp. to sthāvara Stationary.

--- OR ---

jaṅgama (जंगम).—m (S) An individual of a particular sect. They follow śiva, worship the lingam, and hate the Brahman. 2 A gurū amongst this people.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaṅgama (जंगम).—a Locomotive. (Opp. sthāvara.) m An individual of a particular sect.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—a. [gam-yaṅ ac]

1) Moving, living, movable (opp. immovable sthāvara); चिताग्निरिव जङ्गमः (citāgniriva jaṅgamaḥ) R.15.16; शोकाग्निरिव जङ्गमः (śokāgniriva jaṅgamaḥ) Mv.5.2; Manusmṛti 1.41.

2) Derived from living beings.

-mam A movable thing; R.2.44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jaṅgamā (जङ्गमा).—name of a rākṣasī: Mahā-Māyūrī 243.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Locomotive, moveable, that which has motion as opposed to that which is stationary. E. gam to go affix yaṅ-ac the radical reduplicated.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—[jaṅgam + a] (frequentat. of gam), adj., f. . 1. Moveable, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 1, 41; patrolling, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 266. 2. Living, Mahābhārata 1, 5019.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—[adjective] going, moving, living ([abstract] tva [neuter]); [neuter] what is moving or alive.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Jaṅgama (जङ्गम):—[from jaga] a mf(ā)n. ([Nirukta, by Yāska v, 3; ix, 13]; √gam, [Intensive]) moving, locomotive (opposed to stationary, sthāvara or sthira), living, [Aitareya-upaniṣad v, 3; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (ifc. f. ā) a living being, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa i, 17, 34]

3) [v.s. ...] (with viṣa, venom) coming from living beings (opposed to poison), [Mahābhārata i, 5019; Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] Name of a Śaiva sect, [Śaṃkara-vijaya iv, 28.]

5) b mana See jaga.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम):—[(maḥ-mā-maṃ) a.] Loco-motive, moveable, not fixed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Jaṃgama (जंगम) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Jaṃgama.

[Sanskrit to German]

Jangama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Jaṃgama (जंगम) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Jaṃgama.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Prakrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Jaṃgama (ಜಂಗಮ):—[adjective] moving, movable or capable of moving from place to place; not fixed or still; mobile.

--- OR ---

Jaṃgama (ಜಂಗಮ):—

1) [noun] that which is moving, capable of moving; an animate thing (as distinguished from the inanimate, which cannot move on its own).

2) [noun] a Śaiva mendicant who does not stay at one place for more than a certain number of days.

3) [noun] the poison secreted by snakes, scorpion, etc.

--- OR ---

Jaṃgama (ಜಂಗಮ):—[noun] the plant Glycosmis cohinchinensis of Rutaceae family.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of jangama in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: