Jangama, aka: Jāṅgama, Jaṅgama; 8 Definition(s)

Introduction

Jangama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Jāṅgama (जाङ्गम, “animal products”) refers to a kind of classification for dravya (‘substance’), according to its source. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā. Dravyas are the basic elemental substances from which all things emerge; they are composed the five mahābhūtas and act as receptacle for guṇas (‘qualties’).

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम) or Karmabimba refers to images that are closely linked to the main image but are subjected to other forms of worship or are moveable. They are usually made out of metal. The karma bimba is linked to the mūla-beras. According to Ganapati Sthapati, “If the mūla-bera is fashioned standing then the karma-bimba should also be in standing posture. If the mūla-bera is fashioned seated, then the karma-bimba should also be seated or standing. If the mūla-bera is in reclining posture, the karma-bimba may be standing or seated, but not reclining”.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Jaṅgama.—cf. sa-sthāvara jaṅgama (IE 8-5); the moveable belongings of a village. (SITI), a priest of the Liṅgāyat or Vīraśaiva sect. Note: jaṅgama is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Jangama in Pali glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jaṅgama : (adj.) movable.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Jangama in Marathi glossary... « previous · [J] · next »

jaṅgama (जंगम).—a (S) Locomotive: opp. to sthāvara Stationary.

--- OR ---

jaṅgama (जंगम).—m (S) An individual of a particular sect. They follow śiva, worship the lingam, and hate the Brahman. 2 A gurū amongst this people.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṅgama (जंगम).—a Locomotive. (Opp. sthāvara.) m An individual of a particular sect.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—a. [gam-yaṅ ac]

1) Moving, living, movable (opp. immovable sthāvara); चिताग्निरिव जङ्गमः (citāgniriva jaṅgamaḥ) R.15.16; शोकाग्निरिव जङ्गमः (śokāgniriva jaṅgamaḥ) Mv.5.2; Ms.1.41.

2) Derived from living beings.

-mam A movable thing; R.2.44.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 21 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Sthavarajangama
Sthāvarajaṅgama (स्थावरजङ्गम).—1) moveable and immoveable propery. 2) animate and inanimate thi...
Sa-sthavara-jangama
Sa-sthāvara-jaṅgama.—‘together with the immovable and movable belongings [of the gift village]’...
Jangametara
Jaṅgametara (जङ्गमेतर).—a. immovable. Jaṅgametara is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the term...
Jangamakuti
Jaṅgamakuṭī (जङ्गमकुटी).—an umbrella.Jaṅgamakuṭī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Sthavara
Sthāvara (स्थावर).—mfn. (-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Fixed, stationary, stable, immovable, (as opposed to j...
Dravya
Dravya (द्रव्य).—mfn. (-vyaḥ-vyā-vyaṃ) 1. Fit, proper, right, what is or ought to be. 2. Derive...
Jangala
Jaṅgala (जङ्गल).—mfn. (-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Desert, solitary, waste, jungle, wild, &c. n. (-laṃ) Fl...
Taijasa
Taijasa (तैजस) or Taijasakṣetra refers to “bright land” and represents one of the five classifi...
Tasha
ṭāsa (टास) [or ṭāṃsa, or टांस].—a Firm, close, solid, hard.--- OR --- tasā (तसा).—a Of that kin...
Stha
Sthā (स्था).—1 P. (Ātm. also in certain senses; tiṣṭhatite, tasthau, tasthe, asthāt-asthita, st...
Basavanna
basavaṇṇā (बसवण्णा).—m The stone-image of nandī (the bull of Shiva) worshipped in the temples o...
Balutedara
balutēdāra (बलुतेदार) [or balutā, or बलुता].—
Silavanta
śīlavanta (शीलवंत).—a Having good disposi- tion, good-natured.
Basava
basavā (बसवा).—m The stone-image of nandī (the bull of Shiva) worshipped in the temples of the ...
Karmabimba
Karmabimba (कर्मबिम्ब) or Jaṅgama refers to images that are closely linked to the main image bu...

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