Jangama, Jāṅgama, Jaṅgama: 10 definitions

Introduction

Jangama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Jāṅgama (जाङ्गम, “animal products”) refers to a kind of classification for dravya (‘substance’), according to its source. The term is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Suśruta-saṃhitā and the Caraka-saṃhitā. Dravyas are the basic elemental substances from which all things emerge; they are composed the five mahābhūtas and act as receptacle for guṇas (‘qualties’).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम) or Karmabimba refers to images that are closely linked to the main image but are subjected to other forms of worship or are moveable. They are usually made out of metal. The karma bimba is linked to the mūla-beras. According to Ganapati Sthapati, “If the mūla-bera is fashioned standing then the karma-bimba should also be in standing posture. If the mūla-bera is fashioned seated, then the karma-bimba should also be seated or standing. If the mūla-bera is in reclining posture, the karma-bimba may be standing or seated, but not reclining”.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Jaṅgama.—cf. sa-sthāvara jaṅgama (IE 8-5); the moveable belongings of a village. (SITI), a priest of the Liṅgāyat or Vīraśaiva sect. Note: jaṅgama is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (J) next»] — Jangama in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

jaṅgama : (adj.) movable.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

jaṅgama (जंगम).—a (S) Locomotive: opp. to sthāvara Stationary.

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jaṅgama (जंगम).—m (S) An individual of a particular sect. They follow śiva, worship the lingam, and hate the Brahman. 2 A gurū amongst this people.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

jaṅgama (जंगम).—a Locomotive. (Opp. sthāvara.) m An individual of a particular sect.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—a. [gam-yaṅ ac]

1) Moving, living, movable (opp. immovable sthāvara); चिताग्निरिव जङ्गमः (citāgniriva jaṅgamaḥ) R.15.16; शोकाग्निरिव जङ्गमः (śokāgniriva jaṅgamaḥ) Mv.5.2; Ms.1.41.

2) Derived from living beings.

-mam A movable thing; R.2.44.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Jaṅgamā (जङ्गमा).—n. of a rākṣasī: Māy 243.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Jaṅgama (जङ्गम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mā-maṃ) Locomotive, moveable, that which has motion as opposed to that which is stationary. E. gam to go affix yaṅ-ac the radical reduplicated.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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