Iravati, Irāvatī: 10 definitions



Iravati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Iravati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Irāvatī (इरावती) is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 42. Accordingly, “there is in this world a city named Irāvatī, which surpasses Alakā; in it there dwelt a king named Parityāgasena. And he had two beloved queens, whom he valued as his life”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Irāvatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Irāvatī (इरावती) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Irāvatī may be identified with the river Ravi on the Banks of which Lahore is situated. Some of the scholars identified this with the river Rāpti in Oudh, but it does not seem to be correct. It the Kāvyamīmāṃsā, Rājaśekhara locates the river in the northern India.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Irāvatī (इरावती).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Irāvatī (इरावती).—Grand daughter of Kaśyapa. Ten daughters were born to Kaśyapa by his wife Krodhavaśā, viz. Mṛgī, Mṛgamandā, Harī, Bhadramatā, Mātaṃgī, Śārdūlī, Śvetā, Surabhi and Kadrū, and Irāvatī was Kadrū’s daughter. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Araṇya Kāṇḍa).

2) Irāvatī (इरावती).—A sacred river. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 146, Verse 18).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Irāvatī (इरावती).—A daughter of Uttara and wife of Parīkṣit.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa I. 16. 2.

1b) One of the wives of Rudra.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 12. 13.

1c) A R. from the Himālayas;1 sacred to Pitṛs; a river-consort of fire Havyavāha; in the chariot of Tripurāri.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 25; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 95.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 22. 19; 51. 13; 133. 23; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 12. 15; Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 13.

1d) A daughter of Krodhavaśa and wife of Pulaha: In her womb was placed the aṅḍakapāla by the progenitor and she gave birth to 4 kingly sons (elephants), Airāvaṇa, Kumuda, Añjana and Vāmana.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 172, 289-292.

1e) A daughter of Krodhā and mother of Airāvata.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 205, 211.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Irāvatī (इरावती) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.15, VIII.30.21, VIII.30.35). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Irāvatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Irāvatī (इरावती) is another name for Vaṭapatrī, an unidentified medicinal plant, according to verse 5.41-42 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Irāvatī and Vaṭapatrī, there are a total of five Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Irāvatī (इरावती)—One of the eleven wives of Rudra, called a Rudrāṇī.

India history and geography

Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study (history)

Irāvatī (इरावती) is the name of a river mentioned in the Nīlamatapurāṇa. Irāvatī (Ravi) is a famous river of Madradeśa.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Irāvatī (इरावती):—[=irā-vatī] [from irā-vat > irā] f. () Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Durgā (the wife of Rudra), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a daughter of the Nāga Suśravas, [Rājataraṅgiṇī]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a river in the Pañjāb (now called Rāvī), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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