Ira, Irā, Īrā: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Irā (इरा).—One of the wives of Kaśyapa. Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Khaśā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tāmrā, Krodhavaśā, Irā, Kadrū and Muni were the wives of Kaśyapa. Grass on earth originated from Irā. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).

2) Irā (इरा).—There was a devī called Irā among the attendants of Kubera. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 11).

Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Irā (इरा).—In many Purāṇas, Irā is mentioned as a daughter of Dakṣa, wife of Kaśyapa and mother of three daughters Latā, Vallī and Vīrudhā, who in their turn, became mothers of trees, plants and shrubs. See Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa, III.7.459-63, 468; Matsya-purāṇa, 6.2, 18, 46; Vayu-purāṇa, 69.339-42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa, I.21.24. This association of Irā with the vegetable world can be traced back to Ṛigveda (V.83.).

Irā is the flower called “Yurukam” in Kaśmīri. It is used for the worship of Śiva in Śivarātri festival.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Irā (इरा).—A name of Sarasvatī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 13. 57.

1b) A daughter of Dakṣa (Garuḍa (?), Vāyu-purāṇa) and one of the wives of Kaśyapa; mother of three daughters: latā (creeper), vallī (creeping plant) and vīrudhā (a plant which grows again after being cut); they became in turn mothers of trees, plants and shrubs; latā created flowerless wild plants standing in sandy regions and also trees with fruits and flowers; vallī, bushes and grass of all kinds and vīrudhā created vīrudha group as her issues.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 459-63, 468; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2 and 46; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 339-42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125; 21. 24.

2) Īrā (ईरा).—A river mahānadi.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 79.
Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study

Irā (इरा) refers to one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Svadhā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tamrā, Krodhavasā, Irā and Muni.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Irā (इरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia).  The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Irā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Īrā (ईरा) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Īrā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

īra (ईर).—f (Popular contraction from vīrya S) Strength, vigor, virtue, power; the principle constituting the excellence, soundness, firmness, or effectiveness of. 2 At chess. The line of check as occupied by a protecting piece. Hence, īrēsa sāmpaḍaṇēṃ To be involved in some inextricable difficulty.

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īra (ईर).—f (īrṣyā S) Emulation, rivalry, vieing or coping with. v dhara, yē. irēsa paḍaṇēṃ To feel bound (to do something) by a sense of honor or aroused pride, or through a spirit of competition or emulation.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

īra (ईर).—Emulation, rivalry.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Irā (इरा).—[i-ran Uṇ.2.28; iṃ kāmaṃ rāti rā-ka vā Tv.] ('irā tu madirāvāribhāratyaśanabhūmiṣu' iti viśvalocanaḥ)

1) The earth.

2) Speech.

3) The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī,

4) Water.

5) food; इरावतीं धारिणीं भूधराणाम् (irāvatīṃ dhāriṇīṃ bhūdharāṇām) Mb.13. 26.95.

6) Spirituous liquor.

7) Any drinkable fluid; a draught (especially of milk).

8) Refreshment, comfort (Ved. in the last three senses).

9) Name of one of the wives of Kaśyapa.

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Īra (ईर).—Wind.

-jaḥ, putraḥ Name of Hanūmat.

Derivable forms: īraḥ (ईरः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Irā (इरा).—f.

(-rā) 1. The earth. 2. Water. 3. Speech. 4. The goddess of speech, &c. 5. Ardent spirits. E. iṇ to go, and ran Unadi affix, fem. affix ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Irā (इरा).—f. 1. Water. 2. The name of an Apsaras, Mahābhārata 2, 393.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Irā (इरा).—[feminine] drink, refreshing draught; comfort, enjoyment.

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Irā (इरा).—[feminine] drink, refreshing draught; comfort, enjoyment.

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Īra (ईर).—[masculine] wind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Irā (इरा):—f. (also irā, [Atharva-veda xv, 2, 3]) (closely allied to iḍā and iLā) any drinkable fluid

2) a draught (especially of milk), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.

3) food, refreshment

4) comfort, enjoyment, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]

5) Name of an Apsaras (a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Kaśyapa), [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

6) water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) ardent spirits, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

8) the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) speech, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) the goddess of speech, Sarasvatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) (cf. iḍā.)

12) Īra (ईर):—[from īr] m. wind.

13) [v.s. ...] mfn. driving, chasing, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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