Ira, aka: Irā, Īrā; 8 Definition(s)
Ira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
1) Irā (इरा).—One of the wives of Kaśyapa. Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Khaśā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tāmrā, Krodhavaśā, Irā, Kadrū and Muni were the wives of Kaśyapa. Grass on earth originated from Irā. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).
2) Irā (इरा).—There was a devī called Irā among the attendants of Kubera. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 11).Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Irā (इरा).—In many Purāṇas, Irā is mentioned as a daughter of Dakṣa, wife of Kaśyapa and mother of three daughters Latā, Vallī and Vīrudhā, who in their turn, became mothers of trees, plants and shrubs. See Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa, III.7.459-63, 468; Matsya-purāṇa, 6.2, 18, 46; Vayu-purāṇa, 69.339-42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa, I.21.24. This association of Irā with the vegetable world can be traced back to Ṛigveda (V.83.).
Irā is the flower called “Yurukam” in Kaśmīri. It is used for the worship of Śiva in Śivarātri festival.Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
1a) Irā (इरा).—A name of Sarasvatī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 13. 57.
1b) A daughter of Dakṣa (Garuḍa (?), Vāyu-purāṇa) and one of the wives of Kaśyapa; mother of three daughters: latā (creeper), vallī (creeping plant) and vīrudhā (a plant which grows again after being cut); they became in turn mothers of trees, plants and shrubs; latā created flowerless wild plants standing in sandy regions and also trees with fruits and flowers; vallī, bushes and grass of all kinds and vīrudhā created vīrudha group as her issues.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 459-63, 468; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2 and 46; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 339-42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125; 21. 24.
2) Īrā (ईरा).—A river mahānadi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 79.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Irā (इरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Irā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Languages of India and abroad
īra (ईर).—f (Popular contraction from vīrya S) Strength, vigor, virtue, power; the principle constituting the excellence, soundness, firmness, or effectiveness of. 2 At chess. The line of check as occupied by a protecting piece. Hence, īrēsa sāmpaḍaṇēṃ To be involved in some inextricable difficulty.
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īra (ईर).—f (īrṣyā S) Emulation, rivalry, vieing or coping with. v dhara, yē. irēsa paḍaṇēṃ To feel bound (to do something) by a sense of honor or aroused pride, or through a spirit of competition or emulation.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
īra (ईर).—Emulation, rivalry.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Irā (इरा).—[i-ran Uṇ.2.28; iṃ kāmaṃ rāti rā-ka vā Tv.] ('irā tu madirāvāribhāratyaśanabhūmiṣu' iti viśvalocanaḥ)
1) The earth.
3) The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī,
5) food; इरावतीं धारिणीं भूधराणाम् (irāvatīṃ dhāriṇīṃ bhūdharāṇām) Mb.13. 26.95.
6) Spirituous liquor.
7) Any drinkable fluid; a draught (especially of milk).
8) Refreshment, comfort (Ved. in the last three senses).
9) Name of one of the wives of Kaśyapa.
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-jaḥ, putraḥ Name of Hanūmat.
Derivable forms: īraḥ (ईरः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-rā) 1. The earth. 2. Water. 3. Speech. 4. The goddess of speech, &c. 5. Ardent spirits. E. iṇ to go, and ran Unadi affix, fem. affix ṭāp.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 18 books and stories containing Ira, Irā, Īrā, Īra; (plurals include: Iras, Irās, Īrās, Īras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 6 - Birth of Devas, Daityas, Birds and Serpents etc. < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter VI - Re-incarnation of Daksha in the form of Prachetas < [Agastya Samhita]
Gratitude to Parents (by Ajahn Sumedho)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)