Ira, Irā, Īrā, Iṟā: 21 definitions
Ira means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Irā (इरा).—One of the wives of Kaśyapa. Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Khaśā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tāmrā, Krodhavaśā, Irā, Kadrū and Muni were the wives of Kaśyapa. Grass on earth originated from Irā. (Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 19).
2) Irā (इरा).—There was a devī called Irā among the attendants of Kubera. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 11).Source: archive.org: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study
Irā (इरा).—In many Purāṇas, Irā is mentioned as a daughter of Dakṣa, wife of Kaśyapa and mother of three daughters Latā, Vallī and Vīrudhā, who in their turn, became mothers of trees, plants and shrubs. See Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa, III.7.459-63, 468; Matsya-purāṇa, 6.2, 18, 46; Vayu-purāṇa, 69.339-42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa, I.21.24. This association of Irā with the vegetable world can be traced back to Ṛgveda (V.83.).
Irā is the flower called “Yurukam” in Kaśmīri. It is used for the worship of Śiva in Śivarātri festival.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
1a) Irā (इरा).—A name of Sarasvatī.*
- * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 13. 57.
1b) A daughter of Dakṣa (Garuḍa (?), Vāyu-purāṇa) and one of the wives of Kaśyapa; mother of three daughters: latā (creeper), vallī (creeping plant) and vīrudhā (a plant which grows again after being cut); they became in turn mothers of trees, plants and shrubs; latā created flowerless wild plants standing in sandy regions and also trees with fruits and flowers; vallī, bushes and grass of all kinds and vīrudhā created vīrudha group as her issues.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 459-63, 468; Matsya-purāṇa 6. 2 and 46; 146. 18; Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 339-42; Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 15. 125; 21. 24.
2) Īrā (ईरा).—A river mahānadi.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 108. 79.
Irā (इरा) refers to one of thirteen of Dakṣa’s sixty daughters given to Kaśyapa in marriage, according to one account of Vaṃśa (‘genealogical description’) of the 10th century Saurapurāṇa: one of the various Upapurāṇas depicting Śaivism.—Accordingly, Dakṣa gets married to Asikni, the daughter of Prajāpati Viraṇa and begot sixty daughters. [He gave thirteen daughters to Kaśyapa]. Kaśyapa’s thirteen wives are Aditi, Diti, Danu, Ariṣṭā, Surasā, Svadhā, Surabhi, Vinatā, Tamrā, Krodhavasā, Irā and Muni.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu
Irā (इरा) refers to “earth” and is mentioned in a list of 53 synonyms for dharaṇi (“earth”), according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil [viz., Irā], mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism
Īrā (ईरा) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Īrā).
Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Ira [ഈര] in the Malayalam language is the name of a plant identified with Nothopegia beddomei Gamble from the Anacardiaceae (Cashew) family. For the possible medicinal usage of ira, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Ira in Cameroon is the name of a plant defined with Khaya anthotheca in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Garretia anthoteca Welw. (among others).
2) Ira in Nigeria is also identified with Rauvolfia vomitoria It has the synonym Rauvolfia senegambiae DC. (etc.).
3) Ira is also identified with Sarcocephalus pobeguinii It has the synonym Sarcocephalus pobeguinii Pobég. ex Pellegr. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· Cytologia (1989)
· Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences (1915)
· Genetica (1985)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2006)
· Rev. Zool. Afr. (1926)
· Journal of the Linnean Society, Botany (1911)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Ira, for example pregnancy safety, health benefits, extract dosage, chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
īra (ईर).—f (Popular contraction from vīrya S) Strength, vigor, virtue, power; the principle constituting the excellence, soundness, firmness, or effectiveness of. 2 At chess. The line of check as occupied by a protecting piece. Hence, īrēsa sāmpaḍaṇēṃ To be involved in some inextricable difficulty.
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īra (ईर).—f (īrṣyā S) Emulation, rivalry, vieing or coping with. v dhara, yē. irēsa paḍaṇēṃ To feel bound (to do something) by a sense of honor or aroused pride, or through a spirit of competition or emulation.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
īra (ईर).—Emulation, rivalry.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Irā (इरा).—[i-ran Uṇādi-sūtra 2.28; iṃ kāmaṃ rāti rā-ka vā Tv.] ('irā tu madirāvāribhāratyaśanabhūmiṣu' iti viśvalocanaḥ)
1) The earth.
3) The goddess of speech, Sarasvatī,
5) food; इरावतीं धारिणीं भूधराणाम् (irāvatīṃ dhāriṇīṃ bhūdharāṇām) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13. 26.95.
6) Spirituous liquor.
7) Any drinkable fluid; a draught (especially of milk).
8) Refreshment, comfort (Ved. in the last three senses).
9) Name of one of the wives of Kaśyapa.
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-jaḥ, putraḥ Name of Hanūmat.
Derivable forms: īraḥ (ईरः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-rā) 1. The earth. 2. Water. 3. Speech. 4. The goddess of speech, &c. 5. Ardent spirits. E. iṇ to go, and ran Unadi affix, fem. affix ṭāp.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Irā (इरा).—f. 1. Water. 2. The name of an Apsaras, Mahābhārata 2, 393.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Irā (इरा).—[feminine] drink, refreshing draught; comfort, enjoyment.
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Irā (इरा).—[feminine] drink, refreshing draught; comfort, enjoyment.
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Īra (ईर).—[masculine] wind.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Irā (इरा):—f. (also irā, [Atharva-veda xv, 2, 3]) (closely allied to iḍā and iLā) any drinkable fluid
2) a draught (especially of milk), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] etc.
3) food, refreshment
4) comfort, enjoyment, [Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa]
5) Name of an Apsaras (a daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Kaśyapa), [Harivaṃśa; Viṣṇu-purāṇa]
6) water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
7) ardent spirits, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
8) the earth, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
9) speech, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
10) the goddess of speech, Sarasvatī, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
11) (cf. iḍā.)
12) Īra (ईर):—[from īr] m. wind.
13) [v.s. ...] mfn. driving, chasing, [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Irā (इरा):—(rā) 1. f. The goddess of speech; earth; water; ardent spirits.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Irā (इरा) [Also spelled era]:—(nf) the earth; speech.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
Ira (ಇರ):—[noun] = ಇರಂ [iram].
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1) [noun] a small or narrow place.
2) [noun] a situation where progress, movement or working is impeded.
3) [noun] a hole or cavity in the ground; a pit.
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Īra (ಈರ):—[noun] the state or quality of being damp or wet; dampness.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+498): Ira-igbo, Ira-kataipentir, Ira-kitaipentir, Ira-matamuttu, Ira-vengayam, Irabi, Irac, Iraca palm, Iraca-kopala-cakkaraculi, Iraca-mamantam, Iraca-valli, Iraca-vaykal, Iracacinkam, Iracai, Iracakani, Iracakantam, Iracakaram, Iracakarppuram, Iracakiri, Iracakirippuntu.
Ends with (+2038): Abadagira, Abadhira, Abahira, Abdhidindira, Abdhihindira, Abdhitira, Abhikamkhira, Abhinira, Abhira, Abhiruchira, Abhirucira, Abhivira, Abhratimira, Abira, Achira, Acira, Acyutasharira, Adabashira, Adabira, Adardira.
Search found 36 books and stories containing Ira, Irā, Īrā, Īra, Iṟa, Iṟā; (plurals include: Iras, Irās, Īrās, Īras, Iṟas, Iṟās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Rig Veda 1.156.5 < [Sukta 156]
Rig Veda 5.83.4 < [Sukta 83]
Rig Veda 1.186.1 < [Sukta 186]
Women in the Atharva-veda Samhita (by Pranab Jyoti Kalita)
1. List of Hymns pertaining to Women < [Chapter 2 - The Strīkarmāṇi Hymns of the Atharvaveda]
Tiruvaymoli (Thiruvaimozhi): English translation (by S. Satyamurthi Ayyangar)
Pasuram 5.3.4 < [Section 3 - Third Tiruvaymoli (Macu aru Coti)]
Pasuram 5.4.6 < [Section 4 - Fourth Tiruvaymoli (Ur ellam tunci)]
The Nilamata Purana (by Dr. Ved Kumari)
Animal Kingdom (Tiryak) in Epics (by Saranya P.S)
Chandogya Upanishad (Madhva commentary) (by Srisa Chandra Vasu)