Viravati, Vīravatī: 6 definitions

Introduction

Viravati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Viravati in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Vīravatī (वीरवती).—The wife of Satrājit; mother of Bhangakāra, Satyabhāmā and others.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 56.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vīravatī (वीरवती) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.24). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vīravatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (V) next»] — Viravati in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Vīravatī (वीरवती) is the daughter of  Vīravara and Dharmavatī, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, “... once on a time a heroic and handsome Brāhman, from the country of Mālava, named Vīravara, came there to take service under that king [Vikramatuṅga]. He had a wife named Dharmavatī, a daughter named Vīravatī, and a son named Sattvavara; these three constituted his family;...”.

Vīravatī (वीरवती) is also mentioned in the fourth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 78. Accordingly, “... once on a time a Brāhman of the name of Vīravara came from Mālava to take service under that king [Śūdraka] who loved heroes. His wife’s name was Dharmavatī, his son was Sattvavara, and his daughter was Vīravatī. These three composed his family; and his attendants were another three: at his side a dagger, a sword in one hand, and a splendid shield in the other”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vīravatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (V) next»] — Viravati in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

viravati : (vi + rav + a) cries aloud; shouts; utters a cry.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Viravati, (vi+ravati) 1. to shout (out), to cry aloud; to utter a cry or sound (of animals) J. II, 350 (kikī sakuṇo viravi); V, 206; Mhvs 12, 49 (mahārāvaṃ viraviṃsu mahājanā); PvA. 154, 217, 245 (vissaraṃ), 279 (id.); Sdhp. 179, 188, 291.—2. to rattle J. I, 51.—Caus. virāveti to sound Mhvs 21, 15 (ghaṇṭaṃ to ring a bell). (Page 633)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vīravatī (वीरवती):—[=vīra-vatī] [from vīra-vat > vīra > vīr] f. (atī) a woman whose husband is living, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] a [particular] fragrant plant (= māṃsa-rohiṇī), [Bhāvaprakāśa]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a river, [Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] of a woman, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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