Viravati, aka: Vīravatī; 5 Definition(s)

Introduction

Viravati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

[Viravati in Purana glossaries]

Vīravatī (वीरवती).—The wife of Satrājit; mother of Bhangakāra, Satyabhāmā and others.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 56.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Viravati in Itihasa glossaries]

Vīravatī (वीरवती) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.24). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vīravatī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Katha (narrative stories)

[Viravati in Katha glossaries]

Vīravatī (वीरवती) is the daughter of  Vīravara and Dharmavatī, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 53. Accordingly, “... once on a time a heroic and handsome Brāhman, from the country of Mālava, named Vīravara, came there to take service under that king [Vikramatuṅga]. He had a wife named Dharmavatī, a daughter named Vīravatī, and a son named Sattvavara; these three constituted his family;...”.

Vīravatī (वीरवती) is also mentioned in the fourth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 78. Accordingly, “... once on a time a Brāhman of the name of Vīravara came from Mālava to take service under that king [Śūdraka] who loved heroes. His wife’s name was Dharmavatī, his son was Sattvavara, and his daughter was Vīravatī. These three composed his family; and his attendants were another three: at his side a dagger, a sword in one hand, and a splendid shield in the other”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Vīravatī, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Viravati in Pali glossaries]

viravati : (vi + rav + a) cries aloud; shouts; utters a cry.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Viravati, (vi+ravati) 1. to shout (out), to cry aloud; to utter a cry or sound (of animals) J. II, 350 (kikī sakuṇo viravi); V, 206; Mhvs 12, 49 (mahārāvaṃ viraviṃsu mahājanā); PvA. 154, 217, 245 (vissaraṃ), 279 (id.); Sdhp. 179, 188, 291.—2. to rattle J. I, 51.—Caus. virāveti to sound Mhvs 21, 15 (ghaṇṭaṃ to ring a bell). (Page 633)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 7 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Viravara
Vīravara (वीरवर) is the name of a Brāhman from the Mālava country, as mentioned in the Kathāsar...
Dharmavati
Dharmavatī (धर्मवती) is the wife of Vīravara, a Brāhman from the Mālava country, as mentioned i...
Sattvavara
Sattvavara (सत्त्ववर) is the son of  Vīravara and Dharmavatī, as mentioned in the Kathāsar...
Viravi
Virāvī (विरावी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.13) and represents one of th...
Viravitva
viravitvā : (abs. of viravati) having cried aloud; having shouted; having uttered a cry.
Hriniyate
Hṛṇīyate (हृणीयते) or Hriṇīyate (ह्रिणीयते).—Den. Ā.1) To be angry.2) To feel ashamed (with ins...
Viravanta
viravanta : (pr.p. of viravati) crying aloud; shouting; uttering a cry.

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