Airavana, aka: Airāvaṇa; 5 Definition(s)
Airavana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Airāvaṇa (ऐरावण).—A son of Irāvatī—the vehicle of Indra, also Irāvata.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 292 & 326.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)
Airāvaṇa (ऐरावण) is the name of a cloud whose sound corresponds to the Ūrdhvaka note made by drums (puṣkara) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “after seeing that the Mṛdaṅgas, Paṇavas and Dardaras have been made, the great sage Svāti brought about a similarity of their notes with those of clouds... The great cloud named Airāvaṇa gave note to Ūrdhvaka... Those who want Success of performances should make to these clouds, offerings which are dear to spirits (bhūta)”.Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Katha (narrative stories)
Airāvaṇa (ऐरावण) is the mount of Indra, as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 115. Accordingly, “... then Vidyuddhvaja, elated with the boon of Śiva, seized his mace, and rushed furiously on Indra. He leapt up, planting his feet on the tusks of Airāvaṇa, and climbed up on his forehead and killed his driver”.
The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Airāvaṇa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara
Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.
Languages of India and abroad
Airāvaṇa (ऐरावण).—(see airāvata below); Indra's elephant (produced at the churning of the ocean), मागधोऽथ महापालो गजमैरावणोपमम् (māgadho'tha mahāpālo gajamairāvaṇopamam) Mb.6.62.46. See ऐरावत (airāvata).
Derivable forms: airāvaṇaḥ (ऐरावणः).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-ṇaḥ) Indra'S elephant. E. irāvat the ocean, aṇ affix of descent; ocean-born: na is changed irregularly to ṇa.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 4 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:
Svāti (स्वाति).—(perh. = Pali Sāti ?), n. of a monk: Māy 219.28 et al.; MSV i.202.13 ff.; 285.1...
Elāpatra (एलापत्र).—m. (-traḥ) One of the chiefs of the Nagas or serpent-race.
Irāvatī (इरावती) is the name of an ancient city according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 42. ...
Bhauvana (भौवन) or Bhaumana.—m. (-naḥ) An epithet of Vishwakarman, the architect of gods.
Search found 11 books and stories containing Airavana, Airāvaṇa; (plurals include: Airavanas, Airāvaṇas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 4: Birth of Asitākṣa as Airāvaṇa < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Part 14: Defeat of Indra < [Chapter II - Rāvaṇa’s expedition of Conquest]
Part 5: Birth as Asitākṣa < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
Appendix 1 - Story of the nāga-king Elapatra < [Chapter XL - The Four Fearlessnesses and the Four Unobstructed Knowledges]
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 68 - The Slaying of Muci < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Chapter 27 - Coronation of the Kings < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 73 - The Slaying of Vṛtra < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
Kathasaritsagara (the Ocean of Story) (by Somadeva)
The Mahabharata - Second Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
The Skanda Purana (by G. V. Tagare)
Chapter 31 - Kumāra’s March against the City of Tārakāsura < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 17 - Vṛtra Killed: Bali Prepares for War < [Section 1 - Kedāra-khaṇḍa]
Chapter 32 - Tāraka is Slain < [Section 2 - Kaumārikā-khaṇḍa]