Irshya, aka: Īrṣyā, Īrṣya; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Irshya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Īrṣyā and Īrṣya can be transliterated into English as Irsya or Irshya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Īrsyā (ईर्ष्या) refers to “not brooking/bearing the good of others”. It is part of an eightfold set (of activities) born of Anger. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.48)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या, “jealousy”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. It is also known as Asūyā. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Īrṣya (ईर्ष्य, “jealousy”).—Where there is affection there is fear also. And where there is jealousy (īrṣya) there occurs love (madana). The causes of this jealousy are fourfold:

  1. vaimanasya (depression),
  2. vyalīka (mixed feeling),
  3. vipriya (disgust),
  4. manyu (anger).
Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Irshya in Purana glossary... « previous · [I] · next »

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या) refers to “jealousy” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., īrṣyā) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

Source: Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या, “envy”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Īrṣyā).

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या, “jealousy”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., īrṣyā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Īrṣyā also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या).—f S pop. īrṣā f Impatience of another's prosperity, emulation, rivalry, the spirit of competition or vieing. v dhara, yē. īrṣā dēṇēṃ To incite, stimulate, urge on.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या).—f Emulation, the spirit of competition or vieing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Īrṣya (ईर्ष्य).—a. Envious, jealous.

See also (synonyms): īrṣyu, īrṣyaka.

--- OR ---

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या).—[īrṣy-ap] Envy, jealousy, envy of another's success, spite, malice.

See also (synonyms): īrṣā.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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