Irshya, aka: Īrṣyā, Īrṣya; 8 Definition(s)


Irshya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Īrṣyā and Īrṣya can be transliterated into English as Irsya or Irshya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmaśāstra (religious law)

Īrsyā (ईर्ष्या) refers to “not brooking/bearing the good of others”. It is part of an eightfold set (of activities) born of Anger. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. (also see the Manubhāṣya verse 7.48)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmaśāstra book cover
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Dharmaśāstra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharma-shastra) is a category of Hindu literature containing important instructions regarding religious law, ethics, economics, jurisprudence and more. It is categorised as smṛti, an important and authorative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

Nāṭyaśāstra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या, “jealousy”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. It is also known as Asūyā. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

(Source): Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Īrṣya (ईर्ष्य, “jealousy”).—Where there is affection there is fear also. And where there is jealousy (īrṣya) there occurs love (madana). The causes of this jealousy are fourfold:

  1. vaimanasya (depression),
  2. vyalīka (mixed feeling),
  3. vipriya (disgust),
  4. manyu (anger).
(Source): Natya Shastra
Nāṭyaśāstra book cover
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Nāṭyaśāstra (नाट्यशास्त्र, natya-shastra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition of performing arts, (e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nāṭya) and poetic works (kāvya).


Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या) refers to “jealousy” and represents a type of Ādhyātmika pain of the mental (mānasa) type, according to the Viṣṇu-purāṇa 6.5.1-6. Accordingly, “the wise man having investigated the three kinds of worldly pain, or mental and bodily affliction and the like, and having acquired true wisdom, and detachment from human objects, obtains final dissolution.”

Ādhyātmika and its subdivisions (eg., īrṣyā) represents one of the three types of worldly pain (the other two being ādhibhautika and ādhidaivika) and correspond to three kinds of affliction described in the Sāṃkhyakārikā.

The Viṣṇupurāṇa is one of the eighteen Mahāpurāṇas which, according to tradition was composed of over 23,000 metrical verses dating from at least the 1st-millennium BCE. There are six chapters (aṃśas) containing typical puranic literature but the contents primarily revolve around Viṣṇu and his avatars.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Viṣṇu-purāṇa
Purāṇa book cover
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The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या, “envy”) refers to one of ten types of manifestly active defilements (paryavasthāna) according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 13.—The Bodhisattvas (accompanying the Buddha at Rājagṛha on the Gṛdhrakūṭaparvata) excelled in destroying various these ten manifestly active defilements (eg., Īrṣyā).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

General definition (in Buddhism)

Īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या, “jealousy”) refers to one of the fourty “conditions” (saṃskāra) that are “associated with mind” (citta-samprayukta) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 30). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., īrṣyā). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Īrṣyā also refers to one of the “twenty-four minor defilements” (upakleśa) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 69).

(Source): Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या).—f S pop. īrṣā f Impatience of another's prosperity, emulation, rivalry, the spirit of competition or vieing. v dhara, yē. īrṣā dēṇēṃ To incite, stimulate, urge on.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

īrṣyā (ईर्ष्या).—f Emulation, the spirit of competition or vieing.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 25 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Īrṣyākrodha (ईर्ष्याक्रोध).—Jealous anger (īrṣyākrodha) of women should be indicated by tearful...
1) Saṃskāra (संस्कार).—Preparation such as (a)that of a word by placing the affix after the bas...
1) Devadatta (देवदत्त) is the name of person living at Rājagṛha, when the Buddha was dwelling t...
asūyā (असूया).—f Envy; calumny.
Saṃyojana (संयोजन) refers to “fetters” and forms part of a title given to the Bhikṣus that acco...
Sphurita (स्फुरित).—p. p.1) Trembling, throbbing.2) Shaken.3) Glittering, shining.4) Unsteady.5...
1) Issā, 2 (f.) (cp. Sk. ṛśya-mṛga) in issammiga (= issāmiga) J. V, 410, & issāmiga J. V, 431, ...
Irā (इरा).—In many Purāṇas, Irā is mentioned as a daughter of Dakṣa, wife of Kaśyapa and mother...
Manyu (मन्यु).—[man-yuc Uṇ.3.2]1) Anger, wrath, resentment, indignation, rage; बाहुप्रतिष्टम्भव...
hirā (हिरा).—m A diamond.--- OR --- hīra (हीर).—m A rib of the leaf (of trees of the palm-tribe...
Vipriya (विप्रिय).—a. Disagreeable, dislike, unpleasant, distasteful.-yam Offence, wrong, a dis...
vyabhicāribhāva (व्यभिचारिभाव).—m S An order of properties into which are classed the consequen...
Vyabhicārin (व्यभिचारिन्).—a.1) Straying or deviating from, going astray, erring, trespassing; ...
vaimanasya (वैमनस्य).—n Hostility of feeling towards; sadness.
Vyalīka (व्यलीक, “mixed feeling”) refers to one of the four causes of “jealousy” (īrṣya), accor...

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