Garva: 19 definitions


Garva means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Natya Shastra

Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as king-ship, noble birth, personal beauty, youth, learning, power, attainment of wealth ond the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as contempt [for others], harassing [people], not giving reply [to one’s question], not greeting [others], looking to shoulders, flurry, contemptous laughter, harsh words, transgressing [commands of] the superiors, rebuking and the like.

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Garva (गर्व, “pride”) refers to one of the various “transitory feelings of mind” (sañcāribhāva) in Indian Dramas, according to the Sāhityadarpaṇa.—The state of utsāha is the sthāyībhāva of vīrarasa. It increases energy and excitement to mind and projects the heroic sentiment through the sañcāribhāvas i.e., transitory feelings of mind like, e.g., garva (pride).

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Garva (गर्व) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of garva-bhāva is XII.40.—Here we can see Devavrata Bhīṣma’s pride for his strength. The kings assembled in the royal court of Kāśī Nareśa discuss how mighty and powerful Bhīṣma is. The sense of garva is expressed here in the mighty personality of King Devavrata Bhīṣma.

Kavyashastra book cover
context information

Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Kavyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Garva (गर्व) refers to “pride”.—[...] The affirmation for ritual purposes of one's own identity with the deity inevitably entails the positive affirmation of the ego as being ‘I am Śiva’ or the like. The principle that the offering made to the deity must come from deity, not a profane mortal, is so well accepted that the Buddhist Vajrayāna, although basically atheist as all Buddhist traditions are, accommodates it. The deity is visualized as emanating from its sonic form that emerges from the Void. Then the worshipper must similarly identify himself with it by developing what the Vajrayāna Tantras term ‘divine pride’ (divya-garva).

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Garva (गर्व) refers to the “ego”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Śiva permitted Pārvatī to stay by his side: “[...] On seeing her with perfect control over her sense-organs and engrossed in serving Him always, the lord mercifully thought. ‘I shall take her only when the last seed of ego goes away from her [i.e., garva-bīja-vivarjita]; when she herself performs a penance’. Thinking thus, the lord of the Bhūtas reverted to meditation. The lord who could indulge in great sports became a great Yogin. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Google Books: An Illustrated History of the Mandala

Garva (गर्व, “pride”) refers to one of the Seventeen Viśuddhipadas (“stations of purity”) and is associated with the deity Nṛtyā, according to the Prajñāpāramitānayasūtra: an ancient Buddhist Tantric text recited daily in the Japanese Shingon sect which is closely related to the Sarvatathāgatatattvasaṃgraha.—The visualization of the seventeen-deity maṇḍala, representing the deification of the seventeen Viśuddhipadas [e.g., garva], was thought to facilitate the attainment of enlightenment through the sublimation of the defilements into the mind of enlightenment (bodhicitta).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

garva (गर्व).—m (S) Pride, haughtiness, arrogance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

garva (गर्व).—m Arrogance, pride, haughtiness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garva (गर्व).—

1) Pride, arrogance; मा कुरु धनजनयौवनगर्वं हरति निमेषात्कालः सर्वम् (mā kuru dhanajanayauvanagarvaṃ harati nimeṣātkālaḥ sarvam) Moha. M.4; मुधेदानीं यौवनगर्वं वहसि (mudhedānīṃ yauvanagarvaṃ vahasi) M.4.

2) Pride considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings in rhetoric; रूपधनविद्यादिप्रयुक्तात्मोत्कर्षज्ञानाधीनपरावहेलनम् (rūpadhanavidyādiprayuktātmotkarṣajñānādhīnaparāvahelanam) R. G.; or, according to S. D. गर्वो मदः प्रभावश्रीविद्यासत्कुलतादिजः । अवज्ञासविलासाङ्गदर्शनाविनयादिकृत् (garvo madaḥ prabhāvaśrīvidyāsatkulatādijaḥ | avajñāsavilāsāṅgadarśanāvinayādikṛt) || 181.

Derivable forms: garvaḥ (गर्वः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garva (गर्व) or Garvva.—m.

(-rvaḥ) Pride, arrogance. E. garv to be proud, affix ac or gṝ to swallow, &c. and va Unadi affix; this word is sometimes written garbba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garva (गर्व).—[gar + va] (cf. guru), m. Pride, [Pañcatantra] 26, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garva (गर्व):—[from garv] m. pride, arrogance, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 31, 20; Raghuvaṃśa C] iii, 51 [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) proud speech, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 200.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garva (गर्व):—(garvati) 1. a. To be proud.

2) (rvvaḥ) 1. m. Pride.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Garva (गर्व) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gavva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Garva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Garva (गर्व) [Also spelled garv]:—(nm) pride; elation.

context information


Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Hindi from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garva (ಗರ್ವ):—

1) [noun] a high or overbearing opinion of one’s worth or importance; inordinate self-esteem; haughty behaviour resulting from this; arrogance; pride.

2) [noun] (rhet.) pride, considered as one of the thirty-three subordinate feelings.

3) [noun] (pros.) a metre having two long syllables in each foot.

4) [noun] (phil.) the principle of individuality; ಗರ್ವ ಇಳಿಸು [garva ilisu] garva iḷisu to make some pay for his arrogance; to make an (arrogant) person humble.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of garva in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Help me keep this site Ad-Free

For over a decade, this site has never bothered you with ads. I want to keep it that way. But I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased truth, wisdom and knowledge.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: