Garva: 13 definitions



Garva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: Natya Shastra

Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as king-ship, noble birth, personal beauty, youth, learning, power, attainment of wealth ond the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as contempt [for others], harassing [people], not giving reply [to one’s question], not greeting [others], looking to shoulders, flurry, contemptous laughter, harsh words, transgressing [commands of] the superiors, rebuking and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Garva (गर्व) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of garva-bhāva is XII.40.—Here we can see Devavrata Bhīṣma’s pride for his strength. The kings assembled in the royal court of Kāśī Nareśa discuss how mighty and powerful Bhīṣma is. The sense of garva is expressed here in the mighty personality of King Devavrata Bhīṣma.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

garva (गर्व).—m (S) Pride, haughtiness, arrogance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

garva (गर्व).—m Arrogance, pride, haughtiness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garva (गर्व).—

1) Pride, arrogance; मा कुरु धनजनयौवनगर्वं हरति निमेषात्कालः सर्वम् (mā kuru dhanajanayauvanagarvaṃ harati nimeṣātkālaḥ sarvam) Moha. M.4; मुधेदानीं यौवनगर्वं वहसि (mudhedānīṃ yauvanagarvaṃ vahasi) M.4.

2) Pride considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings in rhetoric; रूपधनविद्यादिप्रयुक्तात्मोत्कर्षज्ञानाधीनपरावहेलनम् (rūpadhanavidyādiprayuktātmotkarṣajñānādhīnaparāvahelanam) R. G.; or, according to S. D. गर्वो मदः प्रभावश्रीविद्यासत्कुलतादिजः । अवज्ञासविलासाङ्गदर्शनाविनयादिकृत् (garvo madaḥ prabhāvaśrīvidyāsatkulatādijaḥ | avajñāsavilāsāṅgadarśanāvinayādikṛt) || 181.

Derivable forms: garvaḥ (गर्वः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garva (गर्व) or Garvva.—m.

(-rvaḥ) Pride, arrogance. E. garv to be proud, affix ac or gṝ to swallow, &c. and va Unadi affix; this word is sometimes written garbba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garva (गर्व).—[gar + va] (cf. guru), m. Pride, [Pañcatantra] 26, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garva (गर्व):—[from garv] m. pride, arrogance, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 31, 20; Raghuvaṃśa C] iii, 51 [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) proud speech, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 200.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Garva (गर्व):—(garva) m. [Die Uṇādi-Affixe 1, 154.] Hochmuth, Dünkel [Amarakoṣa 1, 1, 7, 22.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 210.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 316.] [Medinīkoṣa b. 4] (= abhimāna und avalepa). garvo madaḥ prabhāvaśrīvidyāmatkulatādijaḥ . avajñāsavilāsāṅgadarśanāvinayādikṛt .. [Sāhityadarpana 181.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 31, 20.] [Raghuvaṃśa ed. Calc. 3, 51.] garvamāsādya [Pañcatantra 26, 2.] na garvaṃ kurute māne [I, 101.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 77, 8.] atigarva [Sāhityadarpana 54, 19.] sagarvam adv. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 32, 2. -] Nach [Griechischen und Indoskythischen Könige] mit guru (vgl. garīyaṃs, gariṣṭha) verwandt.

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Garva (गर्व):—definirt [PRATĀPAR. 53,a,5.] dhana [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 191, 23.] In der Dramatik eine hochmüthige Rede: garvo valepajaṃ vākyam [Sāhityadarpana 475. 471.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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