Garva: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Garva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as king-ship, noble birth, personal beauty, youth, learning, power, attainment of wealth ond the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as contempt [for others], harassing [people], not giving reply [to one’s question], not greeting [others], looking to shoulders, flurry, contemptous laughter, harsh words, transgressing [commands of] the superiors, rebuking and the like.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study

Garva (गर्व) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of garva-bhāva is XII.40.—Here we can see Devavrata Bhīṣma’s pride for his strength. The kings assembled in the royal court of Kāśī Nareśa discuss how mighty and powerful Bhīṣma is. The sense of garva is expressed here in the mighty personality of King Devavrata Bhīṣma.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Garva (गर्व) refers to “pride”.—[...] The affirmation for ritual purposes of one's own identity with the deity inevitably entails the positive affirmation of the ego as being ‘I am Śiva’ or the like. The principle that the offering made to the deity must come from deity, not a profane mortal, is so well accepted that the Buddhist Vajrayāna, although basically atheist as all Buddhist traditions are, accommodates it. The deity is visualized as emanating from its sonic form that emerges from the Void. Then the worshipper must similarly identify himself with it by developing what the Vajrayāna Tantras term ‘divine pride’ (divya-garva).

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

garva (गर्व).—m (S) Pride, haughtiness, arrogance.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

garva (गर्व).—m Arrogance, pride, haughtiness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Garva (गर्व).—

1) Pride, arrogance; मा कुरु धनजनयौवनगर्वं हरति निमेषात्कालः सर्वम् (mā kuru dhanajanayauvanagarvaṃ harati nimeṣātkālaḥ sarvam) Moha. M.4; मुधेदानीं यौवनगर्वं वहसि (mudhedānīṃ yauvanagarvaṃ vahasi) M.4.

2) Pride considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings in rhetoric; रूपधनविद्यादिप्रयुक्तात्मोत्कर्षज्ञानाधीनपरावहेलनम् (rūpadhanavidyādiprayuktātmotkarṣajñānādhīnaparāvahelanam) R. G.; or, according to S. D. गर्वो मदः प्रभावश्रीविद्यासत्कुलतादिजः । अवज्ञासविलासाङ्गदर्शनाविनयादिकृत् (garvo madaḥ prabhāvaśrīvidyāsatkulatādijaḥ | avajñāsavilāsāṅgadarśanāvinayādikṛt) || 181.

Derivable forms: garvaḥ (गर्वः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garva (गर्व) or Garvva.—m.

(-rvaḥ) Pride, arrogance. E. garv to be proud, affix ac or gṝ to swallow, &c. and va Unadi affix; this word is sometimes written garbba.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Garva (गर्व).—[gar + va] (cf. guru), m. Pride, [Pañcatantra] 26, 2.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garva (गर्व):—[from garv] m. pride, arrogance, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 31, 20; Raghuvaṃśa C] iii, 51 [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) proud speech, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 200.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Garva (गर्व):—(garvati) 1. a. To be proud.

2) (rvvaḥ) 1. m. Pride.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Garva (गर्व) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gavva.

[Sanskrit to German]

Garva in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Garva (गर्व) [Also spelled garv]:—(nm) pride; elation.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Garva (ಗರ್ವ):—

1) [noun] a high or overbearing opinion of one’s worth or importance; inordinate self-esteem; haughty behaviour resulting from this; arrogance; pride.

2) [noun] (rhet.) pride, considered as one of the thirty-three subordinate feelings.

3) [noun] (pros.) a metre having two long syllables in each foot.

4) [noun] (phil.) the principle of individuality; ಗರ್ವ ಇಳಿಸು [garva ilisu] garva iḷisu to make some pay for his arrogance; to make an (arrogant) person humble.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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