Garva: 17 definitions
Garva means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”).—One of the thirty-three ‘transitory states’ (vyabhicāribhāva), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7. These ‘transitory states’ accompany the ‘permanent state’ in co-operation. The term is used throughout nāṭyaśāstra literature. (Also see the Daśarūpa 4.8-9)Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Garva (गर्व, “arrogance”) is caused by determinants (vibhāva) such as king-ship, noble birth, personal beauty, youth, learning, power, attainment of wealth ond the like. It is to be represented on the stage by consequents (anubhāva) such as contempt [for others], harassing [people], not giving reply [to one’s question], not greeting [others], looking to shoulders, flurry, contemptous laughter, harsh words, transgressing [commands of] the superiors, rebuking and the like.
Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).
Kavyashastra (science of poetry)Source: Shodhganga: Bhismacaritam a critical study
Garva (गर्व) refers to one of the different Bhāvas employed in the Bhīṣmacarita (Bhishma Charitra) which is a mahākāvya (‘epic poem’) written by Hari Narayan Dikshit.— The example of garva-bhāva is XII.40.—Here we can see Devavrata Bhīṣma’s pride for his strength. The kings assembled in the royal court of Kāśī Nareśa discuss how mighty and powerful Bhīṣma is. The sense of garva is expressed here in the mighty personality of King Devavrata Bhīṣma.
Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram
Garva (गर्व) refers to “pride”.—[...] The affirmation for ritual purposes of one's own identity with the deity inevitably entails the positive affirmation of the ego as being ‘I am Śiva’ or the like. The principle that the offering made to the deity must come from deity, not a profane mortal, is so well accepted that the Buddhist Vajrayāna, although basically atheist as all Buddhist traditions are, accommodates it. The deity is visualized as emanating from its sonic form that emerges from the Void. Then the worshipper must similarly identify himself with it by developing what the Vajrayāna Tantras term ‘divine pride’ (divya-garva).
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation
Garva (गर्व) refers to the “ego”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.13 (“Śiva-Pārvatī dialogue”).—Accordingly, after Śiva permitted Pārvatī to stay by his side: “[...] On seeing her with perfect control over her sense-organs and engrossed in serving Him always, the lord mercifully thought. ‘I shall take her only when the last seed of ego goes away from her [i.e., garva-bīja-vivarjita]; when she herself performs a penance’. Thinking thus, the lord of the Bhūtas reverted to meditation. The lord who could indulge in great sports became a great Yogin. [...]”.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
garva (गर्व).—m (S) Pride, haughtiness, arrogance.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
garva (गर्व).—m Arrogance, pride, haughtiness.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
1) Pride, arrogance; मा कुरु धनजनयौवनगर्वं हरति निमेषात्कालः सर्वम् (mā kuru dhanajanayauvanagarvaṃ harati nimeṣātkālaḥ sarvam) Moha. M.4; मुधेदानीं यौवनगर्वं वहसि (mudhedānīṃ yauvanagarvaṃ vahasi) M.4.
2) Pride considered as one of the 33 subordinate feelings in rhetoric; रूपधनविद्यादिप्रयुक्तात्मोत्कर्षज्ञानाधीनपरावहेलनम् (rūpadhanavidyādiprayuktātmotkarṣajñānādhīnaparāvahelanam) R. G.; or, according to S. D. गर्वो मदः प्रभावश्रीविद्यासत्कुलतादिजः । अवज्ञासविलासाङ्गदर्शनाविनयादिकृत् (garvo madaḥ prabhāvaśrīvidyāsatkulatādijaḥ | avajñāsavilāsāṅgadarśanāvinayādikṛt) || 181.
Derivable forms: garvaḥ (गर्वः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Garva (गर्व) or Garvva.—m.
(-rvaḥ) Pride, arrogance. E. garv to be proud, affix ac or gṝ to swallow, &c. and va Unadi affix; this word is sometimes written garbba.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Garva (गर्व).—[gar + va] (cf. guru), m. Pride, [Pañcatantra] 26, 2.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Garva (गर्व):—[from garv] m. pride, arrogance, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 31, 20; Raghuvaṃśa C] iii, 51 [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.
2) [v.s. ...] (in [dramatic language]) proud speech, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa vi, 200.]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Garva (गर्व):—(garvati) 1. a. To be proud.
2) (rvvaḥ) 1. m. Pride.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Garva (गर्व) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Gavva.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Garva (गर्व) [Also spelled garv]:—(nm) pride; elation.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [noun] a high or overbearing opinion of one’s worth or importance; inordinate self-esteem; haughty behaviour resulting from this; arrogance; pride.
2) [noun] (rhet.) pride, considered as one of the thirty-three subordinate feelings.
3) [noun] (pros.) a metre having two long syllables in each foot.
4) [noun] (phil.) the principle of individuality; ಗರ್ವ ಇಳಿಸು [garva ilisu] garva iḷisu to make some pay for his arrogance; to make an (arrogant) person humble.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+5): Garva hannu, Garvabhamga, Garvabija, Garvagir, Garvahata, Garvahina, Garvamdha, Garvamocana, Garvana, Garvapadu, Garvapahara, Garvapaharaka, Garvapahari, Garvapaharin, Garvara, Garvari, Garvata, Garvavibhrama, Garvavilisu, Garvavinashi.
Ends with (+4): Adattagarva, Agarva, Agni garva, Agnigarva, Aligarva, Aptagarva, Atigarva, Attagarva, Balagarva, Dhanagarva, Divyagarva, Dorgarva, Dushtagarva, Gamdagarva, Gamdugarva, Jayagarva, Managarva, Nigarva, Nirgarva, Panditagarva.
Full-text (+41): Sagarva, Attagarva, Dhanagarva, Jayagarva, Aptagarva, Garvita, Garv, Parvarina, Sagarvam, Agarva, Nirgarva, Vyabhicaribhava, Agni garva, Garva hannu, Gavva, Garvavritti, Jayagarvva, Aptagarvva, Sagarvva, Shringaragarva.
Search found 12 books and stories containing Garva; (plurals include: Garvas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.4.41 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Verse 3.3.103 < [Part 3 - Fraternal Devotion (sakhya-rasa)]
Verse 2.4.165 < [Part 4 - Transient Ecstatic Disturbances (vyābhicāri-bhāva)]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.13.4 < [Chapter 13 - Defeating Digvijayī]
Verse 1.13.201 < [Chapter 13 - Defeating Digvijayī]
Verse 2.24.87 < [Chapter 24 - The Lord Displays His Universal Form to Advaita]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Vishnudharmottara Purana (Art and Architecture) (by Bhagyashree Sarma)
1.3. Elements of Drama (f): Dramatic Style < [Chapter 3 - Drama and Dance]
5. Different Parts of a Temple < [Chapter 4 - Temple Building]
Alamkaras mentioned by Vamana (by Pratim Bhattacharya)