Gardabha, aka: Gardabhā, Gārdabha; 8 Definition(s)
Gardabha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Gardabha (गर्दभ) falls under the category of domesticated animals (grāmya-paśu) according to the Vāyu Purāṇa.(Source): Google Books: Cultural History from the Vāyu Purāna
Gardabha (गर्दभ).—The asses of the Tāmasa line.*
- * Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 21. 17.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Gardabhā (गर्दभा, “female donkey”) refers to the sixth of eight yoni (womb), according to the Mānasāra. Yoni is the fourth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.
The particular yoni (eg., gardabhā) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). The first, third, fifth and seventh yonis are considered auspicious and therefore to be preferred, and the rest, inauspicious and to be avoided.(Source): Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
General definition (in Hinduism)
Gardabha (गर्दभ) or ‘the ass’, is mentioned in the Rigveda as inferior to the horse. In the Taittirīya-saṃhitā he again appears as inferior to the horse, but at the same time as the best bearer of burdens (bhāra-bhāritama) among animals. The same authority styles the ass dvi-retas, ‘having double seed’, in allusion to his breeding with the mare as well as the she-ass. The smallness of the young of the ass, and his capacity for eating, are both referred to. The disagreeable cry of the animal is mentioned in the Atharvaveda, and in allusion to this the term ‘ass’ is applied opprobriously to a singer in the Ṛgveda. A hundred asses are spoken of as a gift to a singer in a Vālakhilya hymn. The mule (aśvatara) is the offspring of an ass and a mare, the latter, like the ass, being called dvi-retas , ‘receiving double seed’, for similar reasons. The male ass is often also termed Rāsabha. The female ass, Gardabhī, is mentioned in the Atharvaveda and the Bṭhadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Gardabha (गर्दभ, “ass”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) according to the “world of transmigration” section in the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XXVII).—The Bodhisattva sees the animals (tiryak) undergoing all the torments: they are made to gallop by blows of the whip or stick; they are made to make long journeys carrying burdens; their harness is damaged; they are branded with hot iron. As a result of stupid conceit (mithyāmāna), they re reborn as [for example], an ass (gardabha).(Source): Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
gardabha (गर्दभ).—m (S) pop. gardhaba m An ass. Ex. jarīṃ ga0 vēgī dhāvē || tarīṃ aśva mōla pāvē ||.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
gardabha (गर्दभ).—m An ass.(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Gardabha (गर्दभ).—(-bhī f.) [gard-abhac Uṇ.3.122]
1) An ass; न गर्दभा वाजिधुरं वहन्ति (na gardabhā vājidhuraṃ vahanti) Mk.4.17; प्राप्ते तु षोडशे वर्षे गर्दभी ह्यप्सरा भवेत् (prāpte tu ṣoḍaśe varṣe gardabhī hyapsarā bhavet) Subhāṣ. The ass is noted for three remarkable qualities :-अविश्रान्तं वहेद्भारं शीतोष्णं च न विन्दति । ससंतोषस्तथा नित्यं त्रीणि शिक्षेत गर्दभात् (aviśrāntaṃ vahedbhāraṃ śītoṣṇaṃ ca na vindati | sasaṃtoṣastathā nityaṃ trīṇi śikṣeta gardabhāt) || Chāṇ.7.
2) Smell, odour.
-bham The white water-lily.
-bhī 1 A she-ass.
2) An insect generated in cow-dung.
Derivable forms: gardabhaḥ (गर्दभः).
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Gārdabha (गार्दभ).—a. (-bhī f.) [गर्दभस्येदं अण् (gardabhasyedaṃ aṇ)] Belonging to or coming from an ass, asinine; Av.6.72.3.(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Gardabha, Gardabhā or Gārdabha. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
The beings of the threefold world (traidhātuka) < [The world of transmigration]
Digression on a case brought against the Buddha < [Part 1 - Mahāyānist list of the eighteen special attributes of the Buddha]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
Buddhacarita (by Charles Willemen)
Chapter XXI - Subduing the Maddened Elephant Dhanapālaka < [Fascicle Four]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 5: Treatment of various afflictions (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
A Dictionary Of Chinese Buddhist Terms (by William Edward Soothill)