Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Disclaimer: These are translations of Sanskrit texts and are not necessarily approved by everyone associated with the traditions connected to these texts. Consult the source and original scripture in case of doubt.

Rig Veda 6.47.24

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दश॒ रथा॒न्प्रष्टि॑मतः श॒तं गा अथ॑र्वभ्यः । अ॒श्व॒थः पा॒यवे॑ऽदात् ॥
दश रथान्प्रष्टिमतः शतं गा अथर्वभ्यः । अश्वथः पायवेऽदात् ॥
daśa rathān praṣṭimataḥ śataṃ gā atharvabhyaḥ | aśvathaḥ pāyave 'dāt ||

English translation:

Aśvattha has given to Pāyu ten chariots with their horses, and a hundred cows to the priests.”

Commentary by Sāyaṇa: Ṛgveda-bhāṣya

To the priests: atharvabhyaḥ = ṛṣis of the atharvagotra; pāyu is the brother of Garga;

Aśvattha = Prastoka


Ṛṣi (sage/seer): gargaḥ [garga];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): prastokasya sārñjayasya dānastutiḥ ;
Chandas (meter): virāḍgāyatrī ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

दश॑ । रथा॑न् । प्रष्टि॑ऽमतः । श॒तम् । गाः । अथ॑र्वऽभ्यः । अ॒श्व॒थः । पा॒यवे॑ । अ॒दा॒त् ॥
दश । रथान् । प्रष्टिमतः । शतम् । गाः । अथर्वभ्यः । अश्वथः । पायवे । अदात् ॥
daśa | rathān | praṣṭi-mataḥ | śatam | gāḥ | atharva-bhyaḥ | aśvathaḥ | pāyave | adāt

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 6.47.24 English analysis of grammar]

daśa < daśan

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“ten; tenth; daśan [word].”

rathān < ratha

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“chariot; warrior; ratha [word]; Dalbergia oojeinensis; rattan.”

praṣṭimataḥ < praṣṭimat

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

śataṃ < śatam < śata

[noun], accusative, singular, neuter

“hundred; one-hundredth; śata [word].”

< gāḥ < go

[noun], accusative, plural, masculine

“cow; cattle; go [word]; Earth; bull; floor; milk; beam; sunbeam; leather; hide; horn; language; bowstring; earth; ox; Svarga.”

atharvabhyaḥ < atharvan

[noun], dative, plural, masculine

“Atharvan; Atharvavedin.”

aśvathaḥ < aśvatha

[noun], nominative, singular, masculine

pāyave < pāyu

[noun], dative, singular, masculine

“guard; pāyu [word]; Pāyu.”

'dāt < adāt <

[verb], singular, Root aorist (Ind.)

“give; add; perform; put; administer; fill into; give; ignite; put on; offer; use; fuel; pour; grant; feed; teach; construct; insert; drip; wrap; pay; hand over; lend; inflict; concentrate; sacrifice; splint; poultice; create.”

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