Gajendra, Gaja-indra: 11 definitions


Gajendra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र).—The king of the elephants. He was saved from a crocodile by Lord Viṣṇu and awarded liberation.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Gajendra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Gajendra (गजेन्द्र).—The legend of Viṣṇu freeing the elephant in trouble. While wandering in the hills, this lord of elephants felt thirsty and entered a lake in the Trikūṭa hill. While drinking water, a crocodile caught hold of its feet. Finding himself on the brink of death, Gajendra bestowed his thought on Hari on account of the vāsana of the previous birth. Pleased with his prayer, Hari flew on Garuḍa with his cakra and released the animal from the crocodile. The elephant attained a form like that of Hari. This elephant was in his previous birth a Pāṇḍyan king by name Indradyumna devoted to Hari but cursed by Agastya to be born as elephant.1 Hari blessed Gajendra who got mokṣa by satsaṅga.2 Hence Gajendramokṣa.3

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa III. 19. 35: VIII. 1. 30: 2. 20-33: 3 (whole): 4. 6-25.
  • 2) ibid. X. 71. 9: XI. 12. 6.
  • 3) ibid. II. 7. 15-16.

1b) The Airāvata which came out of the churning of the ocean of milk. It was taken up by Indra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 251. 3.
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र) refers to the “Lord of the Elephants”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The Seat of Gesture is the Lord of the Elephants (i.e. KHPHREṂ) [i.e., gajendra], the pure Cave of the Moon that has fashioned itself in Kāmarūpa. Above is the seat Trisrota that generates the bliss of the teaching. It is the half-measure of the Seed of Sound (HSAUṂ). The seat of Meru is in the Point. It is power, the seed of bliss (AIṂ), which is the mouth of the Lotus of Kula. There is the Divine Current divine, that of the seats and above that the entire Current of the Siddhas and the Current of Kula. The Current of the Teachers is in Candrapurī, and the authority is in Koṅkaṇa at the beginning of the Age of Strife. It is this Tradition that is present in the three lineages. I bow constantly to (this) maṇḍala made of six parts)”.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र).—

1) an excellent elephant, a lordly elephant; किं रुष्टासि गजेन्द्रमन्दगमने (kiṃ ruṣṭāsi gajendramandagamane) Ś. Til.7; ऐरावतं गजेन्द्राणां (airāvataṃ gajendrāṇāṃ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.27.

2) Airāvata, Indra's elephant.

3) Name of a tree; गजेन्द्र- कुसुमाकीर्णम् (gajendra- kusumākīrṇam) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.132.12. °कर्णः (karṇaḥ) an epithet of Śiva.

Derivable forms: gajendraḥ (गजेन्द्रः).

Gajendra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms gaja and indra (इन्द्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र).—m.

(-ndraḥ) 1. A large and excellent elephant. 2. Indra'S elephant E. gaja, and indra chief.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र).—[masculine] a noble elephant (lit. chief of the elephants).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र):—[from gaja > gaj] m. = ja-rāja, [Mahābhārata i; Nalopākhyāna xii, 40]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र):—[gaje+ndra] (ndraḥ) 1. m. Indra's elephant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Gajendra (गजेन्द्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Gaiṃda, Gayaṃda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Gajendra in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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