Attapuyakkaram, Aṭṭapuyakkaram, Attapuya-karam: 2 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Attapuyakkaram means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Attapuyakkaram in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas

Aṭṭapuyakkaram (Aṣṭabhujahasta-Kāñci) refers to one of the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desam (divyadeśas or divyasthalas), located in the topographical division of Toṇṭaināṭu (“Northern Tamil Nadu”), according to the 9th century Nālāyirativviyappirapantam (shortly Nālāyiram).—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. The list of 108 [viz., Aṭṭapuyakkaram] seems to have reached maturation by about the early 9th century CE as all the deśas are extolled in the hymns of the twelve Āḻvārs.

Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Attapuyakkaram in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples and cult of Sri Rama in Tamilnadu

Attapuyakkaram refers to one of the 108 divyadesas according to Priyavaccan Pillai’s compendium of the Ramayana based on the Nalayirativviyappirapantam.—Attapuyakkaram can be explained as follows]:—asta/atta means eight, bhuja in Sanskrit and karam in Tamil give the same meaning, “arm” or “hand”, the eight-handed Lord. The Lord is Adikesava Perumal and Tayar is called Alarmelmankai (Maid on Flower, i.e. lotus). The Mūlavar bears eight weapons in eight hands. They are cakra, khadga, pushpa (lotus), bana (right hands), sankha, dhanus, khetaka and gada (left hands). The venue is associated with Gajendra-moksam.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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