Rajaputra, Rājaputra, Rajan-putra: 17 definitions


Rajaputra means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Rajaputra in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र, “prince”) refers to one of the fifty-six vināyakas located at Kāśī (Vārāṇasī), and forms part of a sacred pilgrimage (yātrā), described in the Kāśīkhaṇḍa (Skanda-purāṇa 4.2.57). He is also known as Rājaputravināyaka, Rājaputragaṇeśa and Rājaputravighneśa. These fifty-six vināyakas are positioned at the eight cardinal points in seven concentric circles (8x7). They center around a deity named Ḍhuṇḍhirāja (or Ḍhuṇḍhi-vināyaka) positioned near the Viśvanātha temple, which lies at the heart of Kāśī, near the Gaṅges. This arrangement symbolises the interconnecting relationship of the macrocosmos, the mesocosmos and the microcosmos.

Rājaputra is positioned in the North-Eastern corner of the second circle of the kāśī-maṇḍala. According to Rana Singh (source), his shrine is located at “Raj Ghat Road to Adi Keshava, A 37/ 48”. Worshippers of Rājaputra will benefit from his quality, which is defined as “the protector and saviour of the kingdom”. His coordinates are: Lat. 25.19750, Lon. 83.02383 (or, 25°11'51.0"N, 83°01'25.8"E) (Google maps)

Kāśī (Vārāṇasī) is a holy city in India and represents the personified form of the universe deluded by the Māyā of Viṣṇu. It is described as a fascinating city which is beyond the range of vision of Giriśa (Śiva) having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

Rājaputra, and the other vināyakas, are described in the Skandapurāṇa (the largest of the eighteen mahāpurāṇas). This book narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is composed of over 81,000 metrical verses with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—A name of Budha, the son of Rājasoma and the originator of the science of elephantology.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 24. 3.

1b) Prince; special teachers are to be appointed to teach him Dharma, Artha and Kāma śāstras, to train him in elephant riding, chariot riding, and in arts and crafts; he must have his bodyguard so that he may not mix with the undesirables and may control his senses; he must live in a private residence, for an ill-disciplined prince will root out the family.1 A possible internal enemy of the king.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 220. 1-6
  • 2) Ib. 223. 9.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Wisdom Library: Arthaśāstra

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र) refers to a “prince” and represents an official title used in the political management of townships in ancient India. Officers, ministers, and sovereigns bearing such titles [eg., Rājaputra] were often present in ancient inscriptions when, for example, the king wanted to address his subjects or make an important announcement.

Arthashastra book cover
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Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Rajaputra in Mahayana glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (mahayana)

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र) refers to “princes”, according to the Nārāyaṇaparipṛcchā.—[...] At midday the king should write down this incantation with saffron, after which he is to conquer the hostile army. By reciting this dhāraṇī three times daily one is freed from even the five sins of immediate retribution, gains heaps of merit and shall be able to remember former existences. Laypeople, monastics, kings (rāja), princes (rājaputra), Brahmins and Dharma preachers are all promised to benefit from this spell.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Rāja-putra.—(EI 30; CII 3; 4; HD), originally ‘a prince’; title of princes and subordinate rulers; but later a title of nobi- lity especially in the modified forms Rāvata, Rāuta, etc.; some- times also used in the sense of ‘a Rājpūt’ often explained as ‘a horse-man’. Cf. Ep. Ind., Vol. XVII, p. 321. See Rāja- putraka. Note: rāja-putra is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajaputra in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—m (S) A son of a king. 2 A Kshatriya or man of the military tribe.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—m A son of a king, a prince.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajaputra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—

1) a prince.

2) a Kṣatriya, a man of the military tribe.

3) the planet Mercury.

4) Name of a mixed caste.

5) a Rajpoot.

5) A kind of mango.

Derivable forms: rājaputraḥ (राजपुत्रः).

Rājaputra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and putra (पुत्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—I. m. 1. the son of a king. 2. a man of the military tribe. 3. a soldier. 4. the planet Mercury. Ii. f. trī. 1. a princess. 2. a woman of the Kṣatriya tribe. 3. a kind of brass. 4. the musk shrew.

Rājaputra is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms rājan and putra (पुत्र).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—1. [masculine] a king’s son, prince ([feminine] putrī); a Rājpoot.

--- OR ---

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र).—2. [adjective] having princes as sons.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a writer on kāmaśāstra. Mentioned in Kuṭṭanīmata 77. 122.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rājaputra (राजपुत्र):—[=rāja-putra] [from rāja > rāj] m. a k°’s son, prince, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (-tā f., [Mahābhārata])

2) [v.s. ...] a Rājput (who claims descent from the ancient Kṣatriyas), [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 210 n. 1]

3) [v.s. ...] the son of a Vaiśya by an Ambaṣṭhā, or the son of a Kṣatriya by a Karaṇī, [Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] the planet Mercury (regarded as son of the Moon), [Matsya-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] a kind of mango, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] Name of a writer on Kāmaśāstra, [Catalogue(s)]

7) Rājaputrā (राजपुत्रा):—[=rāja-putrā] [from rāja-putra > rāja > rāj] f. (rāja-), ‘having kings for sons’, a mother of k°, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र):—[rāja-putra] (traḥ) 1. m. A prince; the planet Mercury; a Kshetriya or soldier. f. (trī) Princess; jasmin; bell metal; gourd; musk shrew.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rājaputra (राजपुत्र) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Rāutta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Rajaputra in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Rajaputra in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rājaputra (ರಾಜಪುತ್ರ):—

1) [noun] = ರಾಜಕುಮಾರ [rajakumara].

2) [noun] a sect of military caste in Rajasthan.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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