Dipa, aka: Dīpa; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dipa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Dīpa (दीप, “light”):—One of the five preliminary oblations (upacāra) to be offered during the worship of Gaṇeśa, Durgā, Śiva and Viṣṇu, according to the Durgāpūjātattva.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

1) Dīpa (दीप, “lamps”) refers to “offering of lamps” and represents one of the sixteen upacāra, or “sixteen types of homage and services”, as described while explaining the mode of worshipping the phallic form (liṅga) of Śiva in the Śivapurāṇa 1.11. Accordingly, “[...] the devotee shall worship the mobile emblem with the sixteen types of homage and services (upacāra) as prescribed. It accords the region of Śiva gradually. The sixteen types of service are [for example, offering of lamps (dīpa)] [...] Or he shall perform all the sixteen rites in the phallic emblem of human, saintly or godly origin, or in one naturally risen up (svayambhū) or in one of very extraordinary nature installed duly”.

Dīpa or Dīpasamarpaṇa (offering of the lamp) is also mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20, while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the incense shall be offered with the mantra ‘Namaḥ Kapardine ca’ etc. in accordance with the rules. The lamp (dīpa) shall be offered in the prescribed manner with the mantra ‘Namaḥ Āśave’ etc.”.

2) Dīpa (दीप, “lamps”) refers to a “lamp”, to be used in the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.13:—“[...] the lamp (dīpa) shall be shown then. Homage shall be paid to the preceptor (Guru). He shall then seat (āsana) himself in the yogic poses of Padma, Bhadra, Uttāna or Paryaṅka whichever is convenient and perform the rites once again. After the worship he shall float it along with the cake (vaṭaka). If the worship is performed in the house these rules are not binding”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Dīpa (दीप) refers to a “lamp, waved in ritual action” and represents one of the various upacāras (offerings), in pūjā (ritual worship), as defined in the Śaivāgamas.—Pūjā consists of offering hospitality, in the form of water to wash the feet, to drink, water for ablutions, offering a bath, new clothes, fragrant unguents, fragrant flowers and ornaments, food and so on. Each step in the pūjā process is called “saṃskāra” and each offering is called “upacāra” [viz., Dīpa].

Dīpa refers to one of the eight aṣṭamaṅgala and represents a type of “temple implement (instrument)” as described in the Karaṇalakṣaṇavidhi-paṭala section of the Uttara-Kāmikāgama.—The instruments should be according to the particular śāstra followed at the temple. Some of the instruments mentioned are Śaiva aṣṭamaṅgala including [viz., dīpa].

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dīpa (दीप) refers to “lamps”, which is a topic dealt with in the dīpa-vidhi section of  the Bhojanakutūhala (vibhāvarīvilāsa), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—The vibhāvarīvilāsa which deals with the activities during night (after dinner). This section includes [viz., dīpa-vidhi (rules on lighting the lamp)].

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dīpa (दीप) refers to the “offering of a lamp”, representing one of the various services (upacāra) of a pūjā (ritualistic worship of a deity) which aim at the purification of the devotee.—A small lamp (dīpa) fed with ghee (Mar. nirañjan) is offered to the icon. According to an old custom a lamp is put near the guest before a meal (cf. naivedya) is served to him. In current practice this lamp is first waved clockwise in front of the icon several times, accompanied by the ringing of the bell. The ghee lamp is then placed at the right side of the icon. This act of worship is to be distinguished from the service [mahānīrājana-dīpa], where one waves burning camphor and a lamp in front of the icon accompanied by the singing of metrical compositions.

Source: ACHC: Smarta Puja

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A monk, probably of Ceylon, author of the Parivarapatha (Vin.v.226).

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Dīpa (दीप) refers to “lamps” and is mentioned among the “material benefits” granted by the Bodhisattva, according to the Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XLVI.—Accordingly, “lamps (dīpa), such as tallow candles, oil lamps, wax candles, luminous pearls, etc.”.

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra
Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

dīpa : (m.) 1. a lamp; 2. an island; 3. help; support.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Dīpa, 3 (cp. Sk. dvīpa tiger’s skin) a car covered with a panther’s skin J.I, 259; V, 259=VI, 48. (Page 324)

2) Dīpa, 2 (m. & nt.) (Ved. dvīpa=dvi+ap (*sp.) of āpa water, lit. “double-watered, ” between (two) waters) an island, continent (mahā°, always as 4); terra firma, solid foundation, resting-place, shelter, refuge (in this sense frequent combined w. tāṇa lena & saraṇa & expl. in Com. by patiṭṭhā) — (a) lit. island: S.V, 219; J.III, 187; VvA.19; Mhvs VII.7, 41.—continent: cattāro mahādīpā S.V, 343; Vv 2010 (=VvA.104); VvA.19; PvA.74 etc. Opp. the 2000 paritta-dīpā the smaller islands KhA 133.—(b) fig. shelter, salvation etc. (see also tāṇa): S.III, 42 (atta°+attasaraṇa etc., not with S Index to dīpa1); V, 154, 162 (id.) IV.315 (maṃ°, not to dīpa1), 372; A.I, 55 sq. (+tāṇa etc.); Sn.501 (atta° selfreliant, self-supported, not with Fausböll to dīpa1), 1092, 1094, 1145 (=Satthā); Nd2 303; Dh.236 (°ṃ karohi=patiṭṭhā PvA.87); Pv III, 19 (id. PvA.174); J.V, 501=VI, 375 (dīpañ ca parāyaṇaṃ); Miln.84, 257 (dhamma-dīpa, Arahantship).

3) Dīpa, 1 (Ved. dīpa to Ved. , dīpyate; Idg. *deā to shine (see dibba, deva); cp. Gr. di/alos, dh_los; see also jotati) a lamp J.II, 104 (°ṃ jāleti to light a l.); DhA.II, 49 (id.), 94 (id.)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dīpa (दीप).—m (S) A lamp. 2 A lampstand. 3 fig. A lamp or light; of which five sorts are treated in five sections of the pañcadaśīgrantha, named dhyānadīpa, citradīpa, nāṭakadīpa, tṛptidīpa, kūṭasthadīpa.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dīpa (दीप).—m A lamp; a lamp-stand; fig a light.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dīpa (दीप).—[dīp-ṇic ac]

1) A lamp, light; नृपदीपो धनस्नेहं प्रजाभ्यः संहरन्नपि । अन्तरस्थैर्गुणैः शुभ्रैर्लक्ष्यते नैव केनचित् (nṛpadīpo dhanasnehaṃ prajābhyaḥ saṃharannapi | antarasthairguṇaiḥ śubhrairlakṣyate naiva kenacit) || Pt.1. 221. न हि दीपौ परस्परस्योपकुरुतः (na hi dīpau parasparasyopakurutaḥ) Ś. B.; so ज्ञानदीपः (jñānadīpaḥ) &c.

Derivable forms: dīpaḥ (दीपः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dīpa (दीप).—(1) n. of the king of Dīpāvatī: Divy 246.9 ff.; (2) n. of a serpent king: Mmk 18.24; (3) m.c. for Dīpaṃ- kara: buddha Dīpa-nāmā LV 393.12 (verse).

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Dīpā (दीपा).—n. of a goddess or yoginī: Sādh 157.12 etc.; 324.6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dīpa (दीप).—m.

(-paḥ) A lamp. E. dīp to shine, affix, ka, ac or ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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