Dasharna, aka: Daśārṇa, Daśārṇā, Dāśārṇa; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Dasharna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Daśārṇa and Daśārṇā and Dāśārṇa can be transliterated into English as Dasarna or Dasharna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Dasharna in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Daśārṇā (दशार्णा).—Name of a river originating from Ṛkṣa, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

1) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण).—An inhabitant of the Dāśārṇa country. This name is also used for addressing King Dāśārṇa. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 50, Verse 47). (See full article at Story of Dāśārṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण).—An ancient country, famous in the Purāṇas. General information. This country had been divided into two, Eastern Daśārṇa and Western Daśārṇa. The modern Patna and the surrounding places comprised Eastern Daśārṇa and the places of Malva, the Western Daśārṇa. Some are of opinion that Daśārṇa comprises the South-East part of the Vindhya mountain. It is mentioned in 'Meghadūta' that Vidiśā was the capital of Daśārṇa. The modern name of Vidiśā is Bhilsā. Other information regarding Daśārṇa.

2) Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 112, Stanza 25, that once Pāṇḍu brought the country of Vidiśā under subjugation.

2) At another time Bhīmasena conquered the country of Daśārṇa. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 29, Stanza 5).

2) Nakula once conquered this country. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 32, Stanza 7).

2) King Sudāmā ruled over the country of Daśārṇa. He had two daughters. Bhīma, the king of Vidarbha married the first one and Vīrabāhu the king of Cedi married the second daughter. Damayantī was the daughter of Bhīma. A daughter named Sunandā was born to Vīrabāhu. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 69).

2) Before the battle of Bhārata, Hiraṇyavarmā was the King of Daśārṇa. Śikhaṇḍinī the daughter of Drupada went in the guise of a male and married the daughter of Hiraṇyavarmā. The king of Daśārṇa who had been deceived thus, attacked Drupada. But the problem was solved because Śikhaṇḍinī actually became a male. (See the word Aṃbā). (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 41).

2) The king of Daśārṇa took the side of the Kauravas in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 12).

2) Citrāṅgada was the king of Daśārṇa at the time of the Aśvamedha sacrifice of Yudhiṣṭhira. In Mahābhārata, Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 83, it is stated that Arjuna defeated Citrāṅgada.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण).—A Vindhya tribe enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [50. (v) 3]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 64; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 132.

2) Daśārṇā (दशार्णा).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa from the Rkṣa; sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 30; III. 13. 100; Matsya-purāṇa 22. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 99. Matsya-purāṇa 144. 25.

3) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण).—Śatadhvaja (s.v.) was their king; when they heard of Kṛṣṇa going to Mithilā they met him with presents.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11 [12]; 86. 25.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

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Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.4, IV.1.9, IV.5.3, VI.10.39, VI.47.12, VIII.17.3) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Daśārṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

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Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Niśvāsāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The niśvāsa-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Daśārṇa in turn transmitted the Niśvāsāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Śailaja who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Niśvāsāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Dasharna in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

1) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण): Dasharna was an ancient Indian kingdom in Malwa region near Mandsaur. The queen of Chedi kingdom and mother of Damayanti were daughters of king of Dasharna.

2) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण): A country whose king attacked Bhagadatta's elephant in an effort to save Bhima.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

India history and geogprahy

Dasārṇa (दसार्ण) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāvastu the traditional list of the sixteen Mahājanapadas is referred to, but the names of the countries are not given. But a long list of countries is given in connection with the distribution of knowledge by the Buddha in various countries. The list, however, slightly differs from the traditional list of the sixteen Mahājanapadas found in the Aṅguttara Nikāya. The Mahāvastu list agrees with the Aṅguttara list except in this that the former omits Gandhāra and Kamboja and mentions Sivi and Dasārṇa countries instead.

Dasārṇa has been mentioned in the Mahābhārata as well as in the Meghadūtam of Kalidāsa, and is generally identified with Vidisā or Bhilsa region in the Central Provinces.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Dasharna in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Daśārṇā (दशार्णा).—m. (pl.)

1) Name of country; संपत्स्यन्ते कतिपयदिन स्थायिहंसा दशार्णाः (saṃpatsyante katipayadina sthāyihaṃsā daśārṇāḥ) Me.23.

2) The people of this country.

Derivable forms: daśārṇāḥ (दशार्णाः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dasharnapura
Daśārṇapura (दशार्णपुर) is the name of a village visited by Mahāvīra during his 18th Year as Ke...
Vidisha
Vidisā (विदिसा) or Vaidiśa or Vedisa is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimades...
Riksha
Ṛkṣa (ऋक्ष, “bear”) represents an incarnation destination of the tiryaggati (animal realm) acco...
Citrangada
Citrāṅgada (चित्राङ्गद) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.90.52) and represents on...
Malava
Mālava probably correspond to the Greek Malloi.—The Malloi of the Greek chronicles have been id...
Bahlika
Bāhlīka refers to an ancient district or cultural territory, as mentioned in the 7th-century Mu...
Sudharma
1) Sudharmā (सुधर्मा).—The assembly hall of the Devas. (the gods). (Bhāgavata, Skandha 10).2) S...
Virabahu
1) Vīrabāhu (वीरबाहु).—A brother of Subrahmaṇya. It is stated in Skanda Purāṇa, that this Vīrab...
Kampilya
Kāmpilya (काम्पिल्य) (modern Kampil) is the alleged ancient capitals of Dakṣiṇapañcāla (Norther...
Sudama
1) Sudāmā (सुदामा).—A minister of king Janaka. (Vālmīki Rāmāyaṇa, Bālakāṇḍa, Sarga 70).2) Sudām...
Shailaja
Śailaja (शैलज) is the name of a deity who received the Niśvāsāgama from Daśārṇa through the mah...
Hiranyavarman
Hiraṇyavarman (हिरण्यवर्मन्).—A king of Daśārṇa, His daughter was married by Śikhaṇḍī. (See Aṃb...
Vaidisha
Vaidiśa (वैदिश) or Vidisā or Vedisa is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa...
Vapushman
Vapuṣmān (वपुष्मान्).—Son of Saṅkrandana, the King of Vidarbha. Dama, a famous King of Diṣṭa dy...
Nishvasagama
Niśvāsāgama (निश्वासागम) or simply Niśvāsa refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a c...

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