Dasharna, Daśārṇa, Daśārṇā, Dāśārṇa: 19 definitions


Dasharna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Daśārṇa and Daśārṇā and Dāśārṇa can be transliterated into English as Dasarna or Dasharna, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dasharna in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Daśārṇā (दशार्णा).—Name of a river originating from Ṛkṣa, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण).—An inhabitant of the Dāśārṇa country. This name is also used for addressing King Dāśārṇa. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 50, Verse 47). (See full article at Story of Dāśārṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण).—An ancient country, famous in the Purāṇas. General information. This country had been divided into two, Eastern Daśārṇa and Western Daśārṇa. The modern Patna and the surrounding places comprised Eastern Daśārṇa and the places of Malva, the Western Daśārṇa. Some are of opinion that Daśārṇa comprises the South-East part of the Vindhya mountain. It is mentioned in 'Meghadūta' that Vidiśā was the capital of Daśārṇa. The modern name of Vidiśā is Bhilsā. Other information regarding Daśārṇa.

2) Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 112, Stanza 25, that once Pāṇḍu brought the country of Vidiśā under subjugation.

2) At another time Bhīmasena conquered the country of Daśārṇa. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 29, Stanza 5).

2) Nakula once conquered this country. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 32, Stanza 7).

2) King Sudāmā ruled over the country of Daśārṇa. He had two daughters. Bhīma, the king of Vidarbha married the first one and Vīrabāhu the king of Cedi married the second daughter. Damayantī was the daughter of Bhīma. A daughter named Sunandā was born to Vīrabāhu. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 69).

2) Before the battle of Bhārata, Hiraṇyavarmā was the King of Daśārṇa. Śikhaṇḍinī the daughter of Drupada went in the guise of a male and married the daughter of Hiraṇyavarmā. The king of Daśārṇa who had been deceived thus, attacked Drupada. But the problem was solved because Śikhaṇḍinī actually became a male. (See the word Aṃbā). (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 9, Stanza 41).

2) The king of Daśārṇa took the side of the Kauravas in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 51, Stanza 12).

2) Citrāṅgada was the king of Daśārṇa at the time of the Aśvamedha sacrifice of Yudhiṣṭhira. In Mahābhārata, Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 83, it is stated that Arjuna defeated Citrāṅgada.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण).—A Vindhya tribe enlisted by Jarāsandha against the Yadus.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. [50. (v) 3]; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 64; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 132.

2) Daśārṇā (दशार्णा).—A river in Bhāratavarṣa from the Rkṣa; sacred to Pitṛs.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 30; III. 13. 100; Matsya-purāṇa 22. 34; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 99. Matsya-purāṇa 144. 25.

3) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण).—Śatadhvaja (s.v.) was their king; when they heard of Kṛṣṇa going to Mithilā they met him with presents.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 52. 11 [12]; 86. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.26.4, IV.1.9, IV.5.3, VI.10.39, VI.47.12, VIII.17.3) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Daśārṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Niśvāsāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The niśvāsa-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Daśārṇa in turn transmitted the Niśvāsāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Śailaja who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Niśvāsāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण) refers to a country [identified with the south-east of Madhyadeśa (in the centre of Hindustan)], belonging to “Āgneyī (south-eastern division)” classified under the constellations of Āśleṣā, Maghā and Pūrvaphālguni, according to the system of Kūrmavibhāga, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 14), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The countries of the Earth beginning from the centre of Bhāratavarṣa and going round the east, south-east, south, etc., are divided into 9 divisions corresponding to the 27 lunar asterisms at the rate of 3 for each division and beginning from Kṛttikā. The constellations of Āśleṣā, Maghā and Pūrvaphālguni represent the south-eastern division consisting of [i.e., Dāśārṇa] [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

1) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण): Dasharna was an ancient Indian kingdom in Malwa region near Mandsaur. The queen of Chedi kingdom and mother of Damayanti were daughters of king of Dasharna.

2) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण): A country whose king attacked Bhagadatta's elephant in an effort to save Bhima.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) (distinguished by the city Mṛttikāvatī) refers to one of the 25½ countries of the Kṣetrāryas, situated in the “middle world” (madhyaloka), according to chapter 2.3 [ajitanātha-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra: an ancient Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three illustrious persons in Jainism.

Accordingly:—“In these 35 zones on this side of Mānuṣottara and in the Antaradvīpas, men arise by birth; [...]. From the division into Āryas and Mlecchas they are two-fold. The Āryas have sub-divisions [e.g., kṣetra (country)]. [...] The kṣetrāryas are born in the 15 Karmabhumis. Here in Bharata they have 25½ places of origin (e.g., Daśārṇa), distinguishable by cities (e.g., Mṛttikāvatī) in which the birth of Tīrthakṛts, Cakrabhṛts, Kṛṣṇas, and Balas takes place”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Dasārṇa (दसार्ण) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—In the Mahāvastu the traditional list of the sixteen Mahājanapadas is referred to, but the names of the countries are not given. But a long list of countries is given in connection with the distribution of knowledge by the Buddha in various countries. The list, however, slightly differs from the traditional list of the sixteen Mahājanapadas found in the Aṅguttara Nikāya. The Mahāvastu list agrees with the Aṅguttara list except in this that the former omits Gandhāra and Kamboja and mentions Sivi and Dasārṇa countries instead.

Dasārṇa has been mentioned in the Mahābhārata as well as in the Meghadūtam of Kalidāsa, and is generally identified with Vidisā or Bhilsa region in the Central Provinces.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Daśārṇā (दशार्णा).—m. (pl.)

1) Name of country; संपत्स्यन्ते कतिपयदिन स्थायिहंसा दशार्णाः (saṃpatsyante katipayadina sthāyihaṃsā daśārṇāḥ) Meghadūta 23.

2) The people of this country.

Derivable forms: daśārṇāḥ (दशार्णाः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण).—m.

(-rṇaḥ) A country, part of central Hindustan, lying on the south-east of the Vind'hya mountains. f. (ṇā) A river rising in the Vind'hya hills, the Dosarna of the ancients. E. daśa ten, ṛṇa a fort.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण).—m. 1. pl. The name of a people, Mahābhārata 1, 4449. 2. Their king, Chr. 60, 33.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण).—[adjective] ten-syllabled; [masculine] [plural] [Name] of a people.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Daśārṇa (दशार्ण):—[from daśa] mfn. having 10 syllables, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā iii, 41 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] ([gana] vimuktādi) ‘Ten Lakes’, Name of a people (south-east of Madhya-deśa, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa; Meghadūta]

3) [v.s. ...] m. sg. a Daśārṇa king, [Mahābhārata v, 7519]

4) [v.s. ...] n. the Daśārṇa country, [Pāṇini 6-1, 89], [vArttika] 8, [Patañjali] (daśa ṛṇa)

5) Daśārṇā (दशार्णा):—[from daśārṇa > daśa] f. the Dasān river (rising in Bhopal and emptying into the Betwa)

6) [v.s. ...] cf. dāś.

7) Dāśārṇa (दाशार्ण):—[from dāśa] a mf(ī)n. containing the word Daśārṇa, treating of it ([gana] vimuktādi)

8) [v.s. ...] b m. a prince of the D°, [Mahābhārata v, 7458] [plural] Name of a people (= daś), [Mahābhārata v, 7515]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण):—[daśā+rṇa] (rṇaḥ) 1. m. A part of central Hindustan. f. Its river.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Daśārṇa (दशार्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dasaṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dasharna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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