Vidisha, Vidisā, Vidiśa, Vidiśā, Vidisa: 23 definitions


Vidisha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Vidiśa and Vidiśā can be transliterated into English as Vidisa or Vidisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—Name of a river originating from Pāriyātra, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions (itihasa)

Vidiśā (विदिशा) is mentioned in the Rāmāyaṇa, Mahābhārata and the Purāṇas. According to the Mahābhārata, the city was the capital of the Daśārṇa country, which is represented by East Malwa and Bhopal. According to the Mahāvaṃśa it lay at a distance of fifty yojanas from Pātaliputra. As described in the Rāmāyaṇa this city was given to Śatrughna by Rāmachandra.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—A river. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 2, Stanza 12, that this river stays in the palace of Varuṇa serving him.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Vidiśa (विदिश).—A particular locality between the Cakra (Candra, Vāyu-purāṇa) and Maināka hills towards the south. Here is Samvartaka fire swallowing waters as also Aurva and Vaḍavāmukha.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 18. 79. Vāyu-purāṇa 47. 75-6.

2a) Vidiśā (विदिशा).—(River) from the Pariyātra hill in Bhāratavarṣa.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 16. 28; Vāyu-purāṇa 45. 98.

2b) A city.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 18. 65.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vidiśā (विदिशा) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.18, II.9, VI.10.27). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vidiśā) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vidiśā (विदिशा) is the name of a country pertaining to the Āvantī local usage (pravṛtti) according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 14. It is also known by the name Vaideśika. These pravṛttis provide information regarding costumes, languages, and manners in different countries of the world. It is mentioned that this local usage (adopted by these countries) depends on the grand style (sāttvatī) and the graceful style (kaiśikī).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Vidisha in Kavya glossary
Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions (kavya)

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—Kālidāsa mentions the city of Vidiśā in his three famous works, the Meghadūta, Mālavikāgnimitra and Raghuvaṃśa. While describing the route of the cloud messenger in his work Meghadūta, Kālidāsa noticesthe country of Daśārṇa. in which direction lay the well-known capital city of Vidiśā on the Vetravatī. The Mālavikāgnimitra to the love of Agnimitra, king of Vidiśā and a Viceroy ofhis father Puṣyamitra, for Mālavikā, a princess of Vidarbha, living at his courts in disguise. According to the Raghuvaṃśo, Subāhu, a son of Śatrughna was put ia charge of Vidiśā.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Vidiśā (विदिशा) refers to the “secondary directions”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The sacred seats beginning with (the one called) the syllable OṂ are said to be three and a half. And the secondary seats and meeting grounds are in the (cardinal) directions, primary and secondary [i.e., vidiśā]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Vidiśā (विदिशा) is the name of a River, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Saturn presides over the countries of Ānarta, Arbuda, Puṣkara, Saurāṣṭra, Abhīra, Śūdra, Raivataka, countries through which the river Sarasvatī passes as an underground stream and the western countries; over the natives of Kurukṣetra, the town of Somanātha, and persons born on the banks of the Vidiśā, the Vedasmṛti and the Mahī; over wicked men, uncleanly men and men of the lowest class; over oil-mongers, weak men and persons not possessing virility”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Vidiśā (विदिशा) or Vedisa.—The modern city Vidisha is mentioned by the name Vedisa inseveral Sanchi Stūpa inscriptions and Bharhut inscriptions. Vadner Plates of Buddharāja (608 A.D.) use the term Valdiśa-vāsaka for Vidiśā. According to the Purāṇas, Vaidiśa was siiancd on the bank of river Vidiśā, emerging from the Pāripātra mountain. The name Vidiśā or Vaidisā is connected with the river Vidiśā, which is identical with modern Bes. The old city is now represented with Besnagar, situated in the fork of the Bes and the Betwa (Vetravatī). within two miles of Vidisha, the district head-quarters in the Madhya Pradesh. It lies at a distance of twenty-six miles north-east of Bhopal.

A Sanchi recordrefers to the carving done by the Vidiśā workers in ivory known as Dantakaras. Many other inscriptions record donations of pious men and women, devotees, monks and nuns, and thus shed light to the religious character of the people of this place. Donors from this place contributed also towards the setting up of the Buddhist edifices. Vidiśā was also a centre of Vaiṣṇavism. The famous Besnagar Column record narrates its errection, surmounted by Garuḍa. in honour of Kṛṣṇa-Vāsudeva by the Greek Ambassador.

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Vidisā (विदिसा) or Vaidiśa or Vedisa is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Vedisa, mentioned in Barhut inscriptions, is Pāli Vidisā and Sanskrit Vaidiśa. It is, according to Cunningham, the old name of Besnagar, a ruined city situated in the fork of the Bes or Vedisa river and the Betwa within 2 miles of Bhisa. Vidisā came for the first time into prominence in Buddhism in connection with the viceroyalty of Asoka. Asoka, while he was a viceroy at Ujjain, married a Vaiśya girl from Vessanagara or Vaiśyanagara which was evidently the old name of Besnagar. Since the time of Asoka it became an important centre of Buddhism and later on of Vaiṣṇavism.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vidisha in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

vidisā : (f.) an intermediate point of compass.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Vidisā, (f.) (vi+disā) an intermediate point of the compass S. I, 224; III, 239; Sn. 1122; J. I, 20, 101; VI, 6, 531. (Page 621)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vidiśā (विदिशा).—f (S) An intermediate point of the compass, any one of the four (viz. N E, S E, S W, N W) lying between the four cardinal points: also any point lying between any two points assumed,

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—

1) Name of the capital of the district called दशार्ण (daśārṇa); तेषां (teṣāṃ) (daśārṇānāṃ) दिक्षु प्रथितविदिशालक्षणां राजधानीम् (dikṣu prathitavidiśālakṣaṇāṃ rājadhānīm) Me. 24.

2) Name of a river in Mālvā.

3) = विदिश् (vidiś) q. v.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidiśa (विदिश).—f. (-dik) An intermediate point of the compass. E. vi implying separation, and diś a quarter.

--- OR ---

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—f.

(-śā) Name of a river in Malava.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—f. The name of a river and town, [Pañcatantra] iii. [distich] 240 (cf. Wils. Viṣṇu P. 183, 52).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vidiśā (विदिशा).—[feminine] = [preceding], [Name] of a city & a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vidiśā (विदिशा):—[=vi-diśā] [from vi] f. an intermediate quarter or region, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a river and the town situated on it (the capital of the district of Dasārṇā now called Bilsa), [Mahābhārata; Kālidāsa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] of a town situated on the Vetravatī, [Kādambarī]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vidiśa (विदिश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Vidisā, Vidisī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vidisha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Vidisā (विदिसा) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Vidiśa.

Vidisā has the following synonyms: Vidisī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vidiśa (ವಿದಿಶ):—[noun] = ವಿದಿಕ್ಕು [vidikku].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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