Arala, Arāla: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Arala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Arāla (अराल, “bent”) refers to a gesture (āṅgika) made with a ‘single hand’ (asaṃyuta), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. The hands (hasta) form a part of the human body which represents one of the six major limbs (aṅga) used in dramatic performance. With these limbs are made the various gestures (āṅgika), which form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Twenty-eight Single Hands (hasta):—Arāla (bent): the first finger of the Patāka hand is curved. Usage: drinking poison, nectar, etc., or sharp acid.

According to another book: the thumb and forefinger of the Patāka hand are curved. It was first used by Agastya in drinking (āpośanam-kṛte) the seven seas. Its colour is red, its racemixed, its patron deity Vāsudeva—such is its history accordingto Bharata and others. Usage: the sipping of water (āpośana) by Brāhmaṇas, benediction, the aversion of a parasite (viṭā) for his friend, dressing the hair, saying “Come soon!”, circumambulation at morning and evening prayer, wiping sweat from the brow, putting collyrium on the eyes, etc.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Arala (अरल, “bent”).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with a single hand (asaṃyuta-hasta);—(Instructions): The forefinger curved like a bow, the thumb also curved and the remaining fingers separated and turned upwards.

(Uses): With this should be represented courage, pride, prowess, beauty, contentment, heavenly [objects], poise, act of blessing and other favourable states. And this, again, will represent woman’s gathering of hairs or scattering them and looking carefully over their entire body. The preliminaries to the marriage by bride’s going round the bridegroom[21] and [marital] union[22] are to be represented by two Arāla hands moving around each other and their fingers meeting in the form of a Svastika.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of arala in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

araḷa (अरळ).—a or, by redup., araḷataraḷa a Loose and slovenly--a truss, bundle, or any package or binding: irregularly fixed; not right, true, square--a stone, post, beam: vague or indefinite--speech: disorderly or slack--proceedings, business. 2 (For aruvāḷa or र) Light and crumbling--cakes &c.

--- OR ---

araḷa (अरळ).—ad or, by redup., araḷataraḷa ad Loosely, slackly, slovenlily, disorderly (with verbs of tying, fastening, binding): also untruly or unsquare--planting, setting, fixing: also loosely or roomily; not pressingly or compactly--piling or placing: also laxly, vaguely, indefinitely, immethodically--speaking or performing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of arala in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Arāla (अराल).—a. [ṛ-vic araṃ ālāti, lā ka] Spreading like the spokes of a wheel, curved, crooked; 'अरालः कुटिले मतः इति (arālaḥ kuṭile mataḥ iti)' मेदिनीकरः (medinīkaraḥ); Māl.9.34; पादावरालाङ्गुली (pādāvarālāṅgulī) M.2.3.

-laḥ 1 A bent or crooked arm.

2) The resin of the plant Shorea Robusta (sarjarasa; Mar. rāḷa).

3) An elephant in rut.

-lā 1 An unchaste woman, harlot, courtezan.

2) A modest woman (adhṛṣṭā).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arāla (अराल).—mfn.

(-laḥ-lā-laṃ) Crooked. m.

(-laḥ) 1. Resin. 2. An elephant in rut. 3. A bent or crooked arm. f.

(-lā) 1. A modest woman. 2. A disloyal or unchaste one. E. ara what goes. ā before to take or give, and ka aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arāla (अराल).—adj., f. , Crooked, [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 28. 13.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arāla (अराल).—[adjective] crooked, bowed, curled (hair); [masculine] a kind of resin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arāla (अराल):—mfn. (cf. ara, [from] √; [Intensive] for arāra?), crooked, curved, [Uttararāma-carita] (an- [negative] ‘straight’), etc.

2) crisped or curled (as hair), [Raghuvaṃśa] etc.

3) ([gana] śārṅgaravādi q.v.) ‘Crispus’, Name of a Vedic teacher, [Vaṃśa-brāhmaṇa]

4) m. a bent or crooked arm or hand, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) the resin of the plant Shorea Robusta, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) m. an elephant in rut, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) Arālā (अराला):—[from arāla] f. ([gana] bahv-ādi q.v.) a disloyal or unchaste woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a modest woman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) Ārāla (आराल):—mfn. ([gana] tārakādi, [Pāṇini 5-2, 36]), a little curved or crooked, [Tārānātha tarkavācaspati’s Vācaspatyam, Sanskrit dictionary] (?)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of arala in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: