Arakta, Ārakta: 11 definitions


Arakta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Arakt.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Arakta (अरक्त) refers to “being colourless” (as opposed to Rakta—‘being colored’), according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvimarśinī 1.181.—Accordingly, “As for the additional arguments refuting [the existence of the external object], they are: the impossibility of the existence of a whole (avayavin) [in its parts]; the fact that the inherence (samavāya) [of the whole in its parts] is not established; the fact that the [external object must] possess some contradictory properties, such as movement and the absence of movement, being covered and being uncovered, being colored and being colourless (rakta-arakta), being differentiated into parts according to [the six] directions, etc.”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ārakta (आरक्त) refers to a “light red (color)”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, [while desribing the Bhairava of the Northern Tradition] “[...] Endowed with the Great Rule, he is light red (ārakta-ābha) and has beautiful eyes. His bodily form is large and fierce and he is the embodiment of the bliss of wine. In his upraised hand, he holds a piece of human flesh and is adorned with eight skulls. He is angry and has ten arms. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Arakta in India is the name of a plant defined with Pterocarpus santalinus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Lingoum santalinum (L.f.) Kuntze (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Pharmaceutical Biology (2007)
· Publications of the Bureau of Science Government Laboratories (1904)
· Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (2006)
· Selectarum Stirpium Americanarum Historia (1763)
· Revisio Generum Plantarum (1891)
· Flora de Filipinas (1837)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Arakta, for example health benefits, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, diet and recipes, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ārakta (आरक्त).—a (S) Red.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Arakta (अरक्त).—[adjective] undyed.

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Ārakta (आरक्त).—[adjective] reddish.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Arakta (अरक्त):—[=a-rakta] mfn. undyed, [Manu-smṛti x, 87]

2) Ārakta (आरक्त):—[=ā-rakta] mfn. reddish, [Suśruta; Vikramorvaśī]

3) [v.s. ...] n. red sandal-wood, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Arakta (अरक्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Aratta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Arakta in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ārakta (आरक्त) [Also spelled arakt]:—(a) rosy, reddish; hence ~[] (nf).

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Arakta (ಅರಕ್ತ):—[adjective] not interested in; not indulging in.

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Arakta (ಅರಕ್ತ):—[noun] a man who has no personal interest, involvement of indulgence in; a disinterested man.

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Ārakta (ಆರಕ್ತ):—[adjective] of the colour of the blood; red; reddish; ruddy.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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