Samyakcaritra, Samyakcāritra, Saṃyakcāritra, Samyanc-caritra: 4 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samyakcaritra means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samyakcharitra.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samyakcaritra in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Saṃyakcaritra (संयक्चरित्र) or simply Caritra refers to “right-conduct”, as mentioned in chapter 1.3 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, as mentioned in Ṛṣabha’s sermon:—

“[...] mokṣa is attained by those who practice unceasingly the brilliant triad of knowledge, faith, and conduct. The abandonment of all censurable activities will lead to right-conduct (cāritra), known by its five divisions, the vow of non-injury, etc. Non-injury, truthfulness, honesty, chastity, and poverty, with five supporting clauses each, lead to mokṣa”.

Right-conduct (saṃyakcaritra) is five-fold:

  1. non-injury (ahiṃsa),
  2. truthfulness (sūnṛta),
  3. honesty (asteya),
  4. chastity [brahmācarya?].
  5. poverty (aparigraha).
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Samyakcaritra (सम्यक्चरित्र, “right conduct”).—What is meant by right conduct? Right conduct is to give up all activities which result in the transmigration of soul and bondage of karmas with the soul.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyakcaritra in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyakcāritra (सम्यक्चारित्र):—[=samyak-cāritra] [from samyak > samy-añc] n. (with Jainas) r° conduct (See ratna-traya).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Samyakcāritra (सम्यक्चारित्र):—n. richtiger Lebenswandel (bei den Jaina) [SARVADARŚANAS. 32, 19.]

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Samyakcāritra (सम्यक्चारित्र):—[Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 1, 33.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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