Adhyatmika, Ādhyātmika: 13 definitions

Introduction

Adhyatmika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक, “metaphorical”).—Symbolic explanations of the sacrifices are already found in the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Bhagavad-Gita. The Mahabharata 14.11;7-20 also indicates that the legend of Indra killing Vrtra and sacrificial acts can be understood in a symbolic way. For example; if Vrtra represents tamas, ignorance, then Indra represents the mind (manas) and his thunderbolt (vajra) represents discrimination (viveka).

context information

Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Kosha glossary
Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 3

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to personal portents/omens;—The personal ones are like not hearing any sound within the body on closing the ears, or not seeing any effulgent light on the eyes being closed (pressed by fingers). (Yoga-sūtra-bhāṣya 3.22)

context information

Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to “ailments of the body”, representing one of the three types of hindrances (vighna), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18.—Accordingly, “[...] an intelligent man must worship all deities in order to ward off all sorts of hindrances (vighna). [...] The first one, the Ādhyātmika hindrance is the ailment of the body, whether it is a fever or a tremor or other type of sickness. [...] In order to ward off these hindrances and on occasions when one touches a corpse, a Cāṇḍāla or a fallen man and goes inside without bathing, Śānti Yajña shall be performed to remove the evil effects”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Hinduism glossary
Source: Alexis Sanderson: The Śaiva Literature

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—One of the five levels of religious injunctions relevant to Śaivas;—Ādhyātmika comprisins the Sāṃkhya and Yoga systems.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) or Ādhyātmikaduḥkha refers to “inner suffering” and represents one of the two kinds of suffering (duḥkha), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, inner suffering (ādhyātmika-duḥkha) is of two types: physical suffering (kāyika duḥkha) and mental suffering (caitasika-duḥkha). Physical suffering is the four hundred and four sicknesses, bodily pains, headaches, etc.: those are physical suffering.—Mental suffering is grief, sadness, hatred, fear, jealousy, doubt, etc.: those are mental suffering. These two sufferings together are inner suffering.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a (S) Relating to the Supreme spirit, or to the soul as the presiding spirit (over the body), spiritual. 2 The word (esp. as corrupted into adhyātmaka) is more commonly understood and used in the sense of Affectedly spiritual, hypocritical.

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ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a S Relating to the senses, organs, or faculties, by which the objects of human cognizance are apprehended and conveyed to the adhi- dēvata. 2 Relating to the Supreme spirit, or to one's own spirit as presiding and ruling. See adhyātma & adhyātmā: also see under trividhatāpa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a Spiritual.

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ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a Relating to supreme Spirit or to one's own spirit as supreme.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhyatmika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a. (- f.) Relating to अध्यात्म (adhyātma).

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a. (- f.) [आत्मानं अधिकृत्य भवः ठञ् (ātmānaṃ adhikṛtya bhavaḥ ṭhañ)]

1) Relating to the Supreme Spirit.

2) Spiritual, holy; जपयज्ञप्रसिद्धर्थं्य विद्यां चाध्यात्मिकीं जपेत् (japayajñaprasiddharthaṃ्ya vidyāṃ cādhyātmikīṃ japet) Y.1.11; Ms.2.117

3) Relating to self.

4) Caused by the mind (pain, sorrow &c.); see आधिदैविक (ādhidaivika).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—(= Pali ajjhattika), internal: ādhy° āyatana, q.v., the sense organs or powers, in contrast with bāhira āyatana, the objects of sense, Mahāvastu iii.66.3. See also ābhāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Spiritual, relating to the supreme spirit. E. adhyātman and ṭhak aff.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating to the supreme spirit, spiritual, holly. E. adhyātma the soul, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—[Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 83, read ādhyº, q. cf.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—i. e. adhi -ātman + ika, adj., f. and , Referring to or treating of the universal soul; sacred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 117.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—[adjective] referring to the supreme soul.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—([feminine] ī & ā) referring to the self or the supreme soul.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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