Adhyatmika, Ādhyātmika: 26 definitions

Introduction:

Adhyatmika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adhyatmik.

In Hinduism

Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Kosha glossary
Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 3

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to personal portents/omens;—The personal ones are like not hearing any sound within the body on closing the ears, or not seeing any effulgent light on the eyes being closed (pressed by fingers). (Yoga-sūtra-bhāṣya 3.22)

context information

Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक, “metaphorical”).—Symbolic explanations of the sacrifices are already found in the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Bhagavad-Gita. The Mahabharata 14.11;7-20 also indicates that the legend of Indra killing Vrtra and sacrificial acts can be understood in a symbolic way. For example; if Vrtra represents tamas, ignorance, then Indra represents the mind (manas) and his thunderbolt (vajra) represents discrimination (viveka).

Mimamsa book cover
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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to “ailments of the body”, representing one of the three types of hindrances (vighna), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18.—Accordingly, “[...] an intelligent man must worship all deities in order to ward off all sorts of hindrances (vighna). [...] The first one, the Ādhyātmika hindrance is the ailment of the body, whether it is a fever or a tremor or other type of sickness. [...] In order to ward off these hindrances and on occasions when one touches a corpse, a Cāṇḍāla or a fallen man and goes inside without bathing, Śānti Yajña shall be performed to remove the evil effects”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—(tāpaḥ) One of the three kinds of miseries, being that which is intrinsic and consist of mental and spiritual ailings.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Shaivism glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक) [=Ādhyātma?] refers to the “internal wheel (cakra)”, according to verse 87.140 of the Brahmayāmala-tantra (or Picumata), an early 7th century Śaiva text consisting of twelve-thousand verses.—Accordingly, “One should meditate upon the internal (ādhyātma) [wheel/cakra] as external, and the external likewise as internal (adhyātmika). Considering [these] to be identical, one should then commence installation [of the mantra-deities] on the cakra”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to “knowledge concerning the self”, as discussed in the first chapter [second book] of the Jñānāmṛtasārasaṃhita: a Pāñcarātra text representing a sectarian glorification of Kṛṣṇa and Rādha (i.e., the cult of Radha-Krishna) dated among the latest of the Saṃhitā-type works.—Description of the chapter [prathamajñāna-ādhyātmika-varṇana]: Śiva commences to tell Nārada about the highest knowledge (jñāna), praising first the Pāñcarātra system (1-17), and moving on from there to praise spiritual knowledge (jñāna) that leads to service of Kṛṣṇa, and then into a eulogy of Kṛṣṇa as the Source of all Being. [...]

Source: University of Vienna: Sudarśana's Worship at the Royal Court According to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to “sorrow relating to oneself”, according to the Ahirbudhnyasaṃhitā, belonging to the Pāñcarātra tradition which deals with theology, rituals, iconography, narrative mythology and others.—Accordingly, “[This rite] should be employed by utterly glorious Sovereigns when they are in distress—[for this rite] removes the three kinds of sorrow which begin with the one relating to oneself (ādhyātmikaādhyātmikādiduḥkhānāṃ); causes the destruction of all afflictions; is marked by auspiciousness; destroys all enemies; pacifies (i.e. removes unwanted consequences of ritual mistakes etc.); is the cause of triumph; kills the Demons; brings about prosperities; subdues all; bestows the longest of lives; is meritorious; [and] was perfomed by ancient Kings”.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Hinduism glossary
Source: Alexis Sanderson: The Śaiva Literature

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—One of the five levels of religious injunctions relevant to Śaivas;—Ādhyātmika comprisins the Sāṃkhya and Yoga systems.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

1) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) or Ādhyātmikasūtra refers to the “inner texts”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 3).—Accordingly, “[...] Finally a Brahmin monk named Kātyāyana, wise and of keen faculties (tīkṣnendriya), completely recited the three Baskets (tripiṭaka), the inner and outer texts (ādhyātmika-bahya-sūtra). Wishing to explain the words of the Buddha, he compiled the jñānaprasthānāṣṭagrantha. The first chapter (skandhaka) deals with the supreme worldly Dharmas (laukikāgradharma). Subsequently, his disciples made from it a vibhāṣā for people of ages to come who could not completely understand the Aṣṭagrantha (or Jñānaprasthāna)”.

2) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) or Ādhyātmikaduḥkha refers to “inner suffering” and represents one of the two kinds of suffering (duḥkha), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 31. Accordingly, inner suffering (ādhyātmika-duḥkha) is of two types: physical suffering (kāyika duḥkha) and mental suffering (caitasika-duḥkha). Physical suffering is the four hundred and four sicknesses, bodily pains, headaches, etc.: those are physical suffering.—Mental suffering is grief, sadness, hatred, fear, jealousy, doubt, etc.: those are mental suffering. These two sufferings together are inner suffering.

3) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) or Ādhyātmikavedanā refers to “inner feelings ”, according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter 31).—Accordingly, “[Question]—In regard to mindfulness of the body, it might be a matter of the inner [body] and the outer [body]. But here, all the feelings (vedanā) are included (saṃgṛhīta) in the external bases of consciousness (bāhyāyatana); so how can there be a difference between inner feelings (ādhyātmikavedanā) and outer feelings (bāhyavedanā)?—[Answer]—The Buddha said: ‘There are two kinds of feelings: bodily feeling (kāyikī-vedanā) and mental feeling (caitasikī-vedanā)’. Bodily feeling is outer (bāhya) and mental feeling is inner (ādhyātmika). [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to “internal (asceticism)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “[com.—Next he speaks about the nature of asceticism]—Astonishingly, external [and] internal (ādhyātmika) asceticism is undergone by honourable mendicants who are wise [and] alarmed by the continuous series of births [in the cycle of rebirth]. In that regard, external asceticism is declared to be of six kinds beginning with fasting while internal [asceticism] is also of [six] kinds on account of the divisions beginning with atonement”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a (S) Relating to the Supreme spirit, or to the soul as the presiding spirit (over the body), spiritual. 2 The word (esp. as corrupted into adhyātmaka) is more commonly understood and used in the sense of Affectedly spiritual, hypocritical.

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ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a S Relating to the senses, organs, or faculties, by which the objects of human cognizance are apprehended and conveyed to the adhi- dēvata. 2 Relating to the Supreme spirit, or to one's own spirit as presiding and ruling. See adhyātma & adhyātmā: also see under trividhatāpa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a Spiritual.

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ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a Relating to supreme Spirit or to one's own spirit as supreme.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a. (- f.) Relating to अध्यात्म (adhyātma).

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a. (- f.) [आत्मानं अधिकृत्य भवः ठञ् (ātmānaṃ adhikṛtya bhavaḥ ṭhañ)]

1) Relating to the Supreme Spirit.

2) Spiritual, holy; जपयज्ञप्रसिद्धर्थं्य विद्यां चाध्यात्मिकीं जपेत् (japayajñaprasiddharthaṃ्ya vidyāṃ cādhyātmikīṃ japet) Y.1.11; Manusmṛti 2.117

3) Relating to self.

4) Caused by the mind (pain, sorrow &c.); see आधिदैविक (ādhidaivika).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—(= Pali ajjhattika), internal: ādhy° āyatana, q.v., the sense organs or powers, in contrast with bāhira āyatana, the objects of sense, Mahāvastu iii.66.3. See also ābhāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Spiritual, relating to the supreme spirit. E. adhyātman and ṭhak aff.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating to the supreme spirit, spiritual, holly. E. adhyātma the soul, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—[Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 83, read ādhyº, q. cf.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—i. e. adhi -ātman + ika, adj., f. and , Referring to or treating of the universal soul; sacred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 117.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—[adjective] referring to the supreme soul.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—([feminine] ī & ā) referring to the self or the supreme soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—[=adhy-ātmika] [from adhy-ātma] or better ādhyātmika, mf(ī)n. relating to the soul or the Supreme Spirit.

2) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—[from adhy-ātma] a or adhyātmika, mf(ī)n. relating to the soul or the Supreme Spirit.

3) b mf(ā and ī)n. ([from] adhy-ātma), relating to self or to the soul

4) proceeding from bodily and mental causes within one’s self

5) relating to the supreme spirit, [Manu-smṛti] etc.

6) spiritual, holy

7) n. ([scilicet] duḥkham), Name of a class of diseases, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kī-kam) . See ādhyātmika which is the more correct form of this word.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—[adhyā+tmika] (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Spiritual.

2) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—[ādhyā+tmika] (kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a. Relating to the supreme Spirit, spiritual.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ajbhappia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Adhyatmika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) [Also spelled adhyatmik]:—(a) spiritual, pertaining to the soul or the Supreme Spirit; ~[] spirituality.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Adhyātmika (ಅಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಿಕ):—[adjective] (correctly, ಆಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಿಕ [adhyatmika]) of or relating to the spiritualism or theology; spiritual; theological; emanating from the self.

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Ādhyātmika (ಆಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಿಕ):—

1) [adjective] relating to the Supreme Spirit.

2) [adjective] of the spirit or the soul as distinguished from the body or material matters; spiritual.

3) [adjective] of, connected with or having the nature of, metaphysics; metaphysical.

4) [adjective] of or according to philosophy or philosophers; philosophical.

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Ādhyātmika (ಆಧ್ಯಾತ್ಮಿಕ):—[noun] a disease, distressed condition, etc. caused by those related to or generated within, the body.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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