Adhyatmika, Ādhyātmika: 19 definitions



Adhyatmika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adhyatmik.

In Hinduism

Mīmāṃsā (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Mimamsa glossary
Source: Srimatham: Mīmāṃsa: The Study of Hindu Exegesis

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक, “metaphorical”).—Symbolic explanations of the sacrifices are already found in the Brahmanas, Aranyakas and Bhagavad-Gita. The Mahabharata 14.11;7-20 also indicates that the legend of Indra killing Vrtra and sacrificial acts can be understood in a symbolic way. For example; if Vrtra represents tamas, ignorance, then Indra represents the mind (manas) and his thunderbolt (vajra) represents discrimination (viveka).

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Mimamsa (मीमांसा, mīmāṃsā) refers to one of the six orthodox Hindu schools of philosophy, emphasizing the nature of dharma and the philosophy of language. The literature in this school is also known for its in-depth study of ritual actions and social duties.

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Kosha (encyclopedic lexicons)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Kosha glossary
Source: Google Books: Kalātattvakośa, volume 3

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to personal portents/omens;—The personal ones are like not hearing any sound within the body on closing the ears, or not seeing any effulgent light on the eyes being closed (pressed by fingers). (Yoga-sūtra-bhāṣya 3.22)

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Kosha (कोश, kośa) refers to Sanskrit lexicons intended to provide additional information regarding technical terms used in religion, philosophy and the various sciences (shastra). The oldest extant thesaurus (kosha) dates to the 4th century AD.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) refers to “ailments of the body”, representing one of the three types of hindrances (vighna), as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.18.—Accordingly, “[...] an intelligent man must worship all deities in order to ward off all sorts of hindrances (vighna). [...] The first one, the Ādhyātmika hindrance is the ailment of the body, whether it is a fever or a tremor or other type of sickness. [...] In order to ward off these hindrances and on occasions when one touches a corpse, a Cāṇḍāla or a fallen man and goes inside without bathing, Śānti Yajña shall be performed to remove the evil effects”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—(tāpaḥ) One of the three kinds of miseries, being that which is intrinsic and consist of mental and spiritual ailings.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Hinduism glossary
Source: Alexis Sanderson: The Śaiva Literature

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—One of the five levels of religious injunctions relevant to Śaivas;—Ādhyātmika comprisins the Sāṃkhya and Yoga systems.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) or Ādhyātmikaduḥkha refers to “inner suffering” and represents one of the two kinds of suffering (duḥkha), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, inner suffering (ādhyātmika-duḥkha) is of two types: physical suffering (kāyika duḥkha) and mental suffering (caitasika-duḥkha). Physical suffering is the four hundred and four sicknesses, bodily pains, headaches, etc.: those are physical suffering.—Mental suffering is grief, sadness, hatred, fear, jealousy, doubt, etc.: those are mental suffering. These two sufferings together are inner suffering.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a (S) Relating to the Supreme spirit, or to the soul as the presiding spirit (over the body), spiritual. 2 The word (esp. as corrupted into adhyātmaka) is more commonly understood and used in the sense of Affectedly spiritual, hypocritical.

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ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a S Relating to the senses, organs, or faculties, by which the objects of human cognizance are apprehended and conveyed to the adhi- dēvata. 2 Relating to the Supreme spirit, or to one's own spirit as presiding and ruling. See adhyātma & adhyātmā: also see under trividhatāpa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a Spiritual.

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ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a Relating to supreme Spirit or to one's own spirit as supreme.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—a. (- f.) Relating to अध्यात्म (adhyātma).

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—a. (- f.) [आत्मानं अधिकृत्य भवः ठञ् (ātmānaṃ adhikṛtya bhavaḥ ṭhañ)]

1) Relating to the Supreme Spirit.

2) Spiritual, holy; जपयज्ञप्रसिद्धर्थं्य विद्यां चाध्यात्मिकीं जपेत् (japayajñaprasiddharthaṃ्ya vidyāṃ cādhyātmikīṃ japet) Y.1.11; Ms.2.117

3) Relating to self.

4) Caused by the mind (pain, sorrow &c.); see आधिदैविक (ādhidaivika).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—(= Pali ajjhattika), internal: ādhy° āyatana, q.v., the sense organs or powers, in contrast with bāhira āyatana, the objects of sense, Mahāvastu iii.66.3. See also ābhāsa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Spiritual, relating to the supreme spirit. E. adhyātman and ṭhak aff.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating to the supreme spirit, spiritual, holly. E. adhyātma the soul, and ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—[Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 83, read ādhyº, q. cf.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—i. e. adhi -ātman + ika, adj., f. and , Referring to or treating of the universal soul; sacred, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 117.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक).—[adjective] referring to the supreme soul.

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक).—([feminine] ī & ā) referring to the self or the supreme soul.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—[=adhy-ātmika] [from adhy-ātma] or better ādhyātmika, mf(ī)n. relating to the soul or the Supreme Spirit.

2) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—[from adhy-ātma] a or adhyātmika, mf(ī)n. relating to the soul or the Supreme Spirit.

3) b mf(ā and ī)n. ([from] adhy-ātma), relating to self or to the soul

4) proceeding from bodily and mental causes within one’s self

5) relating to the supreme spirit, [Manu-smṛti] etc.

6) spiritual, holy

7) n. ([scilicet] duḥkham), Name of a class of diseases, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—m. f. n.

(-kaḥ-kī-kam) . See ādhyātmika which is the more correct form of this word.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—[adhyā+tmika] (kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) a. Spiritual.

2) Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—[ādhyā+tmika] (kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) a. Relating to the supreme Spirit, spiritual.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—(von 1. adhyātma) adj.

1) auf den höchsten Geist bezüglich: adhiyajñaṃ brahma japedādhidaivikameva ca . adhyātmikaṃ (Calc. Ausg. richtiger ādhyā) ca satataṃ vedāntābhihitaṃ ca yat .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 83.] adhyātmikāḥ samājñāḥ [] in [Weber’s Indische Studien II, Nalopākhyāna 2.] (Calc. Ausg. ā). —

2) auf den Ātman bezüglich (Gegens. vāhya): adhyātmikāyatanāni [Burnouf I, 501.]

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—(von adhyātma) adj. f. ī ( [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 1, 101]) und ā ( [SĀṂKHYAK. 50]) auf das Selbst oder die Allseele bezüglich [?Kārikā. zu Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 60. Yāska’s Nirukta 7, 1. Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 117. Suśruta 1, 89, 5.] — Vgl. adhyātmika .

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—zur Seele —, zum Subject in Beziehung stehend, subjectiv [Sânkhya Philosophy 41. 50.] [Kapila 3, 43.] [SARVADARŚANAS. 22, 1.] ariṣṭāni [Oxforder Handschriften 230,b,16. fg.] yoga [27,a,20.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Adhyātmika (अध्यात्मिक):—Adj. auf den höchsten Geist oder auf die Seele bezüglich. Richtiger ādhyā

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Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक):—Adj. (f. ī und ā) —

1) zum Selbst — , zum Subject in Beziehung stehend , subjectiv.

2) zur Allseele in Beziehung stehend.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyatmika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ādhyātmika (आध्यात्मिक) [Also spelled adhyatmik]:—(a) spiritual, pertaining to the soul or the Supreme Spirit; ~[] spirituality.

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