Adhyaya, Adhyāya, Adhyāyam: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Adhyaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Adhyay.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

adhyāya is a Sanskrit term roughly meaning "lesson", "lecture", "chapter"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Adhyāya means "a lesson, lecture, chapter; reading"

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhyāya (अध्याय).—m (S) pop. adhyā or adhyāva m A section, part, chapter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhyāya (अध्याय).—m A chapter, section, part.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyaya (अध्यय).—[i-bhāve ac]

1) Learning, study; remembrance.

2) = अध्याय (adhyāya), q. v.

Derivable forms: adhyayaḥ (अध्ययः).

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Adhyāya (अध्याय).—a. [i-ghañ P.III.3.21] (At the end of comp.) A reader, student, one who studies; वेदाध्यायः (vedādhyāyaḥ) a student of the Vedas; so मन्त्र° (mantra°)

-yaḥ 1 Reading, learning, study, especially of the Vedas; प्रशान्ताध्यायसत्कथा (praśāntādhyāyasatkathā) (nagarī) Rām.

2) Proper time for reading or for a lesson; °ज्ञाः प्रचक्षते (jñāḥ pracakṣate) Ms.4.12, see अनध्याय (anadhyāya) also.

3) A lesson, lecture; अधीयतेऽस्मिन् अध्यायः (adhīyate'smin adhyāyaḥ) P.III.3.122; so स्वाध्यायोऽध्येतव्यः (svādhyāyo'dhyetavyaḥ).

4) A chapter, a large division of a work, such as of the Rāmāyaṇa, Mahābhārata, Manusmṛti, Pāṇini's Sūtras &c. The following are some of the names used by Sanskrit writers to denote chapters or divisions of works :--सर्गो वर्गः परिच्छेदोद्घाताध्यायाङ्क- संग्रहाः । उच्छ्वासः परिवर्तश्च पटलः काण्डमाननम् । स्थानं प्रकरणं चैव पर्वोल्लासाह्निकानि च । स्कन्धांशौ तु पुराणादौ प्रायशः परिकीर्तितौ (sargo vargaḥ paricchedodghātādhyāyāṅka- saṃgrahāḥ | ucchvāsaḥ parivartaśca paṭalaḥ kāṇḍamānanam | sthānaṃ prakaraṇaṃ caiva parvollāsāhnikāni ca | skandhāṃśau tu purāṇādau prāyaśaḥ parikīrtitau) ||

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Adhyaya (अध्यय).—&c. See under अधी (adhī).

See also (synonyms): adhyayana.

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Adhyāya (अध्याय).—See under अधि (adhi).

See also (synonyms): adhyāpaka, adhyāpana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The section, or division of a book. 2. A chapter or lecture of the Vedas. E. adhi, iṅa to go, and ghañ aff. proper to be gone through or read.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय).—i. e. adhi-i + a, m. 1. Reading, recitation. 2. The time when the sacred books ought to be read, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 102. 3. A section of a book, e. g. the subdivisions of the [Rāmāyaṇa], Mahābhārata Comp. An-, m. the time when the sacred books ought not to be read, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 106. Sva-, m. 1. perusal or study of the Vedas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 105. 2. the Veda. 3. inaudible reading or muttering of prayers. Niḥsva-, i. e. nis -sva-, adj. not muttering prayers, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11187.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय).—[masculine] study, lesson, section of a book, chapter.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyāya (अध्याय):—[=adhy-āya] [from adhī] m. a lesson, lecture, chapter

2) [v.s. ...] reading

3) [v.s. ...] proper time for reading or for a lesson

4) [v.s. ...] ifc. a reader (See vedādhyāya), [Pāṇini 3-2, 1 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय):—[tatpurusha compound] m.

(-yaḥ) I.

1) A section of a book (f. i. of the Ṛgveda, Yajurveda, Aitareyabrāhmaṇa, Pāniṇis grammar &c.).

2) Reading, studying. E. i (iṅ) with adhi, kṛt aff. ghañ. Ii. One who reads or studies (in this sense only as the latter part of a compound; f. i. vedādhyāyaḥ one who reads the Veda). E. i (iṅ) with adhi, kṛt aff. aṇ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhyaya (अध्यय):—[adhya+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A chapter.

2) Adhyāya (अध्याय):—[adhyā+ya] (yaḥ) 1. m. A chapter.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Adhyāya (अध्याय):—(von i mit adhi) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 21. 122. 6, 2, 144.]

1) adj. der da liest; belesen: vedādhyāyaḥ [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 2, 1,] [Scholiast] mantramadhītavānmantrādhyāyaḥ [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.3,2,89.] —

2) m. a) das Lesen: iṣṭadevatāmantrādhyāyenātmānaṃ rākṣasāt rarakṣa [Pañcatantra 183, 9.] insbesondere der heiligen Schriften: praśāntādhyāyasatkathā nagarī [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 48, 27.] — b) die für das Lesen der heiligen Schriften angemessene Zeit: adhyāyajña [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4, 102.] anadhyāya die Zeit, in der nicht gelesen werden darf [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 105. 106. 4, 103. 104. 106—108. 117. 118. 126.] du. [?4, 102. 127. pl. 101.] — c) ein grösserer Abschnitt in einem Werke, lectio (z. B. im Ṛgveda, Pāṇini, Manu) [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 23.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 24.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 18, 1, 1.] [BṚH. Devīmāhātmya 4, 20.] in [Weber’s Indische Studien I, 111. fgg.] Wird nach dem Ṛṣi benannt [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 69.] nach einem darin vorkommenden Worte [5, 2, 60—62.] Am Ende eines comp. f. ī, z. B. pañcādhyāyī [Madhusūdanasarasvatī’s Prasthānabheda] in [Weber’s Indische Studien I, 18, 23.] Accent im comp. gaṇa guṇādi .

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Adhyāya (अध्याय):—[Z. 2 v. u.] pañcādhyāyī ist subst. und bedeutet eine aus fünf Adhy. bestehende Sammlung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Adhyāya (अध्याय):——

1) *Adj. studirend , lesend , belesen.

2) m. — a) Studium , das Lesen (insbes. der heiligen Schriften. — b) die für das Studium der heiligen Schriften angemessene Zeit. — c) grösserer Abschnitt in einem Werke , lectio.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Adhyaya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय) [Also spelled adhyay]:—(nm) a chapter.

context information

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