Adhyaya, Adhyāya, Adhyāyam: 9 definitions


Adhyaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

adhyāya is a Sanskrit term roughly meaning "lesson", "lecture", "chapter"

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Adhyāya means "a lesson, lecture, chapter; reading"

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

adhyāya (अध्याय).—m (S) pop. adhyā or adhyāva m A section, part, chapter.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

adhyāya (अध्याय).—m A chapter, section, part.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhyaya (अध्यय).—[i-bhāve ac]

1) Learning, study; remembrance.

2) = अध्याय (adhyāya), q. v.

Derivable forms: adhyayaḥ (अध्ययः).

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Adhyāya (अध्याय).—a. [i-ghañ P.III.3.21] (At the end of comp.) A reader, student, one who studies; वेदाध्यायः (vedādhyāyaḥ) a student of the Vedas; so मन्त्र° (mantra°)

-yaḥ 1 Reading, learning, study, especially of the Vedas; प्रशान्ताध्यायसत्कथा (praśāntādhyāyasatkathā) (nagarī) Rām.

2) Proper time for reading or for a lesson; °ज्ञाः प्रचक्षते (jñāḥ pracakṣate) Ms.4.12, see अनध्याय (anadhyāya) also.

3) A lesson, lecture; अधीयतेऽस्मिन् अध्यायः (adhīyate'smin adhyāyaḥ) P.III.3.122; so स्वाध्यायोऽध्येतव्यः (svādhyāyo'dhyetavyaḥ).

4) A chapter, a large division of a work, such as of the Rāmāyaṇa, Mahābhārata, Manusmṛti, Pāṇini's Sūtras &c. The following are some of the names used by Sanskrit writers to denote chapters or divisions of works :--सर्गो वर्गः परिच्छेदोद्घाताध्यायाङ्क- संग्रहाः । उच्छ्वासः परिवर्तश्च पटलः काण्डमाननम् । स्थानं प्रकरणं चैव पर्वोल्लासाह्निकानि च । स्कन्धांशौ तु पुराणादौ प्रायशः परिकीर्तितौ (sargo vargaḥ paricchedodghātādhyāyāṅka- saṃgrahāḥ | ucchvāsaḥ parivartaśca paṭalaḥ kāṇḍamānanam | sthānaṃ prakaraṇaṃ caiva parvollāsāhnikāni ca | skandhāṃśau tu purāṇādau prāyaśaḥ parikīrtitau) ||

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Adhyaya (अध्यय).—&c. See under अधी (adhī).

See also (synonyms): adhyayana.

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Adhyāya (अध्याय).—See under अधि (adhi).

See also (synonyms): adhyāpaka, adhyāpana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The section, or division of a book. 2. A chapter or lecture of the Vedas. E. adhi, iṅa to go, and ghañ aff. proper to be gone through or read.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhyāya (अध्याय).—i. e. adhi-i + a, m. 1. Reading, recitation. 2. The time when the sacred books ought to be read, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 102. 3. A section of a book, e. g. the subdivisions of the [Rāmāyaṇa], Mahābhārata Comp. An-, m. the time when the sacred books ought not to be read, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 106. Sva-, m. 1. perusal or study of the Vedas, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 105. 2. the Veda. 3. inaudible reading or muttering of prayers. Niḥsva-, i. e. nis -sva-, adj. not muttering prayers, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 11187.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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