Yogadrstisamuccaya of Haribhadra Suri (Study)

by Riddhi J. Shah | 2014 | 98,110 words

This page relates ‘Niyama (restraint of the mind)’ of the study on the Yogadrstisamuccaya: a 6th-century work on Jain Yoga authored by Haribhadra Suri consisting of 228 Sanskrit verses. The book draws from numerous sources on traditional Yoga. Three important topics are stipulated throughout this study: 1) nature of liberation, 2) a liberated soul, and 3) omniscience.—This section belongs to the series “The Eight Yogadrishtis and the nature of a Liberated Soul”.

In Yoga philosophy niyama is defined as restraint of the mind. Likewise yamas niyamas are also five in number.

They are:

śauca-santauṣa-tapaḥ-svādhyāyeśvarapraṇidhānāni niyamāḥ| 2

Haribhadrasūri in his auto-commentary on the Yogadṛṣṭisamuccaya quotes five niyamas from Yogasūtra of Patañjali[1].

Haribhadrasūri also says that each of these five yamas is divided into four stages viz.

  1. icchā-niyama,
  2. pravṛtti-niyama,
  3. sthira-niyama and
  4. siddhi-niyama[2] .

While describing yama, these four stages are explained in detail by us. However, Haribhadrasūri does not go into any detail of five niyamas and their definitions. It is Upādhyāya Yaśovijaya, the Laghu Haribhadrasūri, has depicted niyams with detail in twenty second dvātriṃśikā[3] of his treatise. Dvātriṃśad Dvātriṃśikā. Here, he has also mentioned fruits of practicing five niyamas[4] .

Footnotes and references:

[1]:

śauca-santoṣa-tapaḥ-svādhyāyeśvarapraṇidhānāni niyamāḥ” (. 2-32) iti vacanāt | … || 41 ||
   Auto-commentary on Yogadṛṣṭisamuccaya

[2]:

| niyamaśca tathāvidhaḥ śaucādiricchādirūpa... || 41 || -ibid.

[3]:

niyamā iti | śaucaṃ = śucitvaṃ, taddvividhaṃ, bāhayamābhyantaraṃ ca | bāhayaṃ mṛjjalādibhiḥ kāyaprakṣālanaṃ, ābhyantaraṃ maitryādibhiścittamalaprakṣālanam | santoṣaḥ santuṣṭiḥsvādhyāyaḥ = praṇava pūrvāṇāṃ mantrāṇāṃ japaḥ | tapaḥ kṛcchra-cāndrāyaṇādi | devatā praṇidhānaṃ = īśvarapraṇidhānaṃ sarvi krayāṇāṃ phalanirapekṣatayā īśvarasamaparṇa lakṣaṇam |.............. || 22.2 ||
   Auto-commentary Part: 5, Pg: 1477, 1478

[4]:

(a) śaucabhāvanayāsvāṅgajugupsā'nyairasaṅgamaḥ |
sattvaśuddhiḥ saumanasyaikāgryā'kṣajayayogyatā ||
22.3 || 
(b) santoṣādatु tamaṃ saukhyaṃsvādhyāyādiṣṭadaśarna m |
tapaso'ṅgākṣayo siddhiḥ samādhiḥ praṇidhānataḥ ||
22.4 ||

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