Santosa, aka: Santoṣā, Santoṣa, Santosha; 6 Definition(s)


Santosa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Santoṣā and Santoṣa can be transliterated into English as Santosa or Santosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Santoṣa (सन्तोष) refers to “positive contentment” and forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Students living with the teacher (Guru or Ācārya) led a life of self-control, abstinence, obedience and devotion and regulated their lives by adhering to yama (self-restraint) and niyama (five observances), that is, śauca — purity of body, mind, thought; santoṣa — positive contentment; tapas — austerity; svādhyāya — self-study, introspection; and īśvarapraṇidhāna — faith in and surrender to the gods.

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Santoṣā (सन्तोषा) is the mother of Gaṅgādāsa (beg. of 16th century): the exponent on metrics who has contributed to Sanskrit prosody through his marvelous work Chandomañjarī, a short tract on the science of prosody. Gaṅgādāsa is the son of Gopāladāsa (a physician by profession) and Santoṣā. He also mentions about his preceptor namely Puruṣottama Bhaṭṭa, the author of Chandogovinda (another work on Chanda, which is lost to us) in the first chapter of Candomañjarī.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Santosa in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

santosa : (m.) joy; pleasure.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Santosa, (fr. saṃ+tuṣ) contentment DA. I, 204. (Page 677)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Santosa in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

santōṣa (संतोष).—m (S) Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, gratification. 2 Contentment. See yōgadharma. 3 Pleasantness or placidity (of aspect or deportment). Pr. rāga khāī āpaṇāsa santōṣa khāī dusaṛyāsa An important sentiment worthy of this repetition. See under rāga.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

santōṣa (संतोष).—m Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, contentment.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 23 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Niyama (नियम) and Dama were two Vidyādharas who fought on Śrutaśarman’s side in the war against...
Yama (यम, “self-restraint”) forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at b...
Rāgā (रागा).—One of the seven daughters of Bṛhaspati—Aṅgiras. As she was loved by all beings sh...
Vṛtti (वृत्ति).—f. [vṛt-ktin] 1) Being, existence. 2) Abiding, remaining, attitude, being...
Yajña (यज्ञ).—An incarnation of Mahāviṣṇu. Svāyambhuva Manu had two sons, Priyavrata and Uttāna...
Svādhyāya (स्वाध्याय) refers to “self-study, introspection” and forms part of the ancient India...
1) Ruci (रुचि).—A celestial maid of Alakāpurī. This celestial maid danced in the Palace of Kube...
Tuṣṭi (तुष्टि).—A daughter of Dakṣa. She became the wife of Dharmadeva. Dharmadeva accepted as ...
Śauca (शौच) refers to “purity of body, mind and thought” and forms part of the ancient Indian e...
Catur (चतुर्).—num. a. [cat-uran Uṇ.5.58] (always in pl.; m. catvāraḥ; f. catasraḥ; n. catvāri)...
Brahmavrata (ब्रह्मव्रत) refers to the “vow of celibacy” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārth...
Aicchika (ऐच्छिक).—a. (-kī f.) [इच्छा-ठञ् (icchā-ṭhañ)]1) Optional, voluntary; विकल्वो व्यवस्थि...
talaba (तलब).—f Wages. An ill-habit. Desire after. Summoning.
santōṣī (संतोषी).—a Of a cheerful, contented disposition.
āntīla (आंतील).—a Interior; intestine. Secret.

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