Santosa, Santoṣā, Santosha, Santoṣa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Santosa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Santoṣā and Santoṣa can be transliterated into English as Santosa or Santosha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Education: Systems & Practices

Santoṣa (सन्तोष) refers to “positive contentment” and forms part of the ancient Indian education system, which aimed at both the inner and the outer dimension of a person. Students living with the teacher (Guru or Ācārya) led a life of self-control, abstinence, obedience and devotion and regulated their lives by adhering to yama (self-restraint) and niyama (five observances), that is, śauca — purity of body, mind, thought; santoṣa — positive contentment; tapas — austerity; svādhyāya — self-study, introspection; and īśvarapraṇidhāna — faith in and surrender to the gods.

Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature (history)

Santoṣā (सन्तोषा) is the mother of Gaṅgādāsa (beg. of 16th century): the exponent on metrics who has contributed to Sanskrit prosody through his marvelous work Chandomañjarī, a short tract on the science of prosody. Gaṅgādāsa is the son of Gopāladāsa (a physician by profession) and Santoṣā. He also mentions about his preceptor namely Puruṣottama Bhaṭṭa, the author of Chandogovinda (another work on Chanda, which is lost to us) in the first chapter of Candomañjarī.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Santosa in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

santosa : (m.) joy; pleasure.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Santosa, (fr. saṃ+tuṣ) contentment DA. I, 204. (Page 677)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

santōṣa (संतोष).—m (S) Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, gratification. 2 Contentment. See yōgadharma. 3 Pleasantness or placidity (of aspect or deportment). Pr. rāga khāī āpaṇāsa santōṣa khāī dusaṛyāsa An important sentiment worthy of this repetition. See under rāga.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

santōṣa (संतोष).—m Delight, pleasure, satisfaction, contentment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Santoṣa (सन्तोष).—m.

(-ṣaḥ) 1. Joy, pleasure, delight, satisfaction, happiness. 2. Thumb and fore-finger. E. sam intensitive prefix, tuṣ to be pleased, aff. ghañ .

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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