Upadhyaya, Upādhyāya: 15 definitions



Upadhyaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: ISKCON Press: Glossary

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—A teacher who makes a living teaching Sanskrit grammar.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (U) next»] — Upadhyaya in Jainism glossary
Source: Google Books: Jaina Iconography

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—Upādhyāyas are those who teach the scriptures, consisting of the eleven aṅgas and the fourteen pūrvas (now lost). They are endowed with 25 chief qualities.

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय) refers to the “preceptor” and represents one of the ten persons suitable for rendering services, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly, “[...] Vajranābha acquired strong Tirthakṛt-body-making and family-karma by the twenty sthānakas as follows:—[...] The sixteenth sthāna is the rendering of service by food, drink, etc., to the ten persons, Ācārya, etc. [viz., Upādhyāya] [...]”.

Note: The 10 persons entitled to service are; [viz., Upādhyāya (preceptor);].—(cf. Aupapātikasūtra 20, p. 43. Sthānāṅgasūtra 397, p. 299. Āvaśyakasūtra 176-78, p. 161b). [...] These 10 persons are entitled to 13 kinds of service: giving of food; of drink; giving a seat; supplying anything that may be lacking in his equipment; cleansing the feet; giving of clothes; giving of medicine; escort on the road; protection from rogues, thieves, etc.; taking the staff when he enters the house; and 3 kinds of sanitary service.—(cf. Āvaśyakasūtra p. 161b).

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—One of the ten types of ‘nursing services’ (vaiyāvrata)? Who is a ‘teacher ascetic’ (upādhyāya)? An ascetic who is himself well versed with the Jain canonical texts himself and teachers other ascetics to learn the same is a teacher ascetic.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upādhyāya.—(CII 4), a teacher; epithet of Brāhmaṇas. (IA 19), Jain; an Ācārya who has the right of reading the sacred text, but not of explaining it. (IE 8-3; EI 7), epithet of teachers; mentioned as a Pātra. (CII 3), a sub-teacher who is the instructor in only a part of the Veda, or in grammar and the other Vedāṅgas. Note: upādhyāya is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upadhyaya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—m S A spiritual preceptor. Ex. of comp. kulōpādhyāya, grāmōpādhyāya, tīrthōpādhyāya. 2 See the popular form upādhyā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—m A spiritual preceptor.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (U) next»] — Upadhyaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—[upetyādhīyate asmāt, upa-adhi-i-ghañ]

1) A teacher or preceptor in general.

2) Particularly, a spiritual teacher, religious preceptor; य उदात्ते कर्तव्येऽ नुदात्तं करोति खण्डिकोपाध्यायस्तमै चपेटां ददाति (ya udātte kartavye' nudāttaṃ karoti khaṇḍikopādhyāyastamai capeṭāṃ dadāti) Mahābhārata I.1.1. (by Y.1.35 a sub-teacher who instructs for wages only in a part of the Veda and is inferior to an ācārya; ekadeśamupādhyāyaḥ); cf. Ms.2.141; एकदेशं तु वेदस्य वेदाङ्गान्यपि वा पुनः । योऽध्यापयति वृत्त्यर्थमुपाध्यायः स उच्यते (ekadeśaṃ tu vedasya vedāṅgānyapi vā punaḥ | yo'dhyāpayati vṛttyarthamupādhyāyaḥ sa ucyate) || see अध्यापक (adhyāpaka), and under आचार्य (ācārya) also.

-yā A female preceptor.

-yī 1 A female preceptor. उपेत्य अधीयते तस्या उपाध्यायी, उपाध्याया (upetya adhīyate tasyā upādhyāyī, upādhyāyā) and Vārt. या तु स्वयमेवाध्यापिका तत्र वा ङीष् वाच्यः (yā tu svayamevādhyāpikā tatra vā ṅīṣ vācyaḥ) on P.IV.1.49 Sk.

2) The wife of a preceptor.

Derivable forms: upādhyāyaḥ (उपाध्यायः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—m.

(-yaḥ) A spiritual preceptor. f.

(-yā) A female preceptor. f. (-yī or -yānī) The wife of a teacher. E. upa and adhi before iṇa to go, ghañ aff. for the fem. ṭāp aff. in the first instance, in the second ṅīṣ with or without ānuk inserted.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—i. e. upa -adhi-i + a, m. A spiritual preceptor who gives instruction in a part only of the Veda, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 141; a spiritual preceptor in general, [Śākuntala, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] 61, 11; [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 11, 13 (19 Gorr.).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय).—[masculine] teacher, subteacher; dhyāyānī [feminine] the teacher’s wife.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a grammarian. Quoted by Kṣīrasvāmin in Amarakośodghāṭana and Kṣīrataraṅgiṇī.

2) Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय):—on alaṃk. Quoted by Arjunavarmadeva on Amaruśataka 54. 56.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Upādhyāya (उपाध्याय):—[=upādhy-āya] m. (√i), a teacher, preceptor (who subsists by teaching a part of the Veda or Vedāṅgas, grammar etc.; he is distinguished from the Ācārya q.v.), [Manu-smṛti iv, 141, etc.; Yājñavalkya i, 35; Mahābhārata; Śakuntalā] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] f(ā or ī) a female teacher, [Kātyāyana on Pāṇini 3-13, 21]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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