Devata, Devatā, Devāṭa, Devaṭa: 16 definitions

Introduction

Devata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Devata (देवत).—33 crores;1 30 crores?2 Relations of, with Sages and Pitṛs.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 160.
  • 2) Ib. 61. 138.
  • 3) Ib. 62. 21.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Source: archive.org: The Taittiriya-upanishad

Devatā (देवता):—Mitra is the Devatātman,—the Shining One, the Intelligence, the Self identifying Himself with, and manifesting Himself as, day and prāṇa or upward current of life-breath. Varuṇa is the Intelligence concerned with night and apāna or downward current of life-breath, Aryaman with the eye and the sun, Indra with strength, Bṛhaspati with speech and buddhi or intellect, Viṣṇu with the feet. These and others are the Devatās working in the individual organism.

May all these Devatās be propitious to us. It is only when these are propitious to us that wisdom can be studied, retained in memory and imparted to others without any obstacle. Hence the prayer to them to be propitious. (See Taittirīya-Upaniṣad 1.1 with Śaṅkarāchārya’s commentary)

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

Devata is a constituent of sacrifice as well as its result. Devatas consume the havis offered in a sacrifice and give the result of sacrifice performed. As a result of sacrifice, along with the desired result, the grace of devata remains. When sacrifice is performed without desiring a result, devata’s grace remains the result of sacrifice. Devata is mantra-baddha, meaning He is bound to give the result of a sacrifice/mantra when invoked. Thus the result of any form of worship is bound to come.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Devatā (देवता, “celestial beings”) refers to “attributing faults the celestial beings” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of faith-deluding (darśana-mohanīya) karmas.

Devatā is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas

Devatā (देवता).—What is meant by finding faults in the celestial beings (devatā-avarṇavāda)? To call the celestial beings as eaters of meat, consumer of alcohol and enjoying sex with other women is finding faults with the gods and goddesses.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

devatā : (f.) a deity.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Devatā, (f.) (deva+tā, qualitative-abstr. suffix, like Lat. juventa, senecta, Goth. hauhipa, Ohg. fullida cp. Sk. pūrṇatā, bandhutā etc.) “condition or state of a deva, ” divinity; divine being, deity, fairy. The term comprises all beings which are otherwise styled devas, & a list of them given at Nd2 308 & based on the principle that any being who is worshipped (or to whom an offering is made or a gift given: de-vatā=yesaṃ deti, as is expressed in the conclusion “ye yesaṃ dakkhiṇeyyā te tesaṃ devatā”) is a devatā, comprises 5 groups of 5 kinds each, viz. (1) ascetics; (2) domestic animals (elephants, horses, cows, cocks, crows); (3) physical forces & elements (fire, stone etc.); (4) lower gods (: bhumma devā) (nāgā, suvaṇṇā, yakkhā, asurā, gandhabbā); (5) higher gods (: inhabitants of the devaloka proper) Mahārājā, Canda, Suriya, Inda, Brahmā), to which are added the 2 aspects of the sky-god as devadevatā & disā-devatā).—Another definition at VvA.21 simply states: devatā ti devaputto pi Brahmā pi devadhītā pi vuccati.—Among the var. deities the foll. are frequently mentioned: rukkha° tree-gods or dryads M.I, 306; J.I, 221; PvA.5; vatthu° earth gods (the four kings) Pv 41; PvA.17; vana° wood-nymphs M.I, 306; samudda° water-sprites J.II, 112 etc. etc. ‹-› D.I, 180 (mahiddhikā, pl.), 192; II, 8, 87, 139, 158; S.I, sq.; IV, 302; M.I, 245; II, 37; A.I, 64, 210, 211; II, 70 (sapubba°); III, 77 (bali-paṭiggāhikā), 287 (saddhāya samannāgatā); 309; IV, 302 sq., 390 (vippaṭisāriniyo); V, 331; Sn.45, 316, 458, 995, 1043; Dh.99; J.I, 59, 72, 223, 256; IV, 17, 474; Vv 163; Pv.II, 110; KhA 113, 117; PvA.44.

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Devata, (adj.) (-°) having such & such a god as one’s special divinity, worshipping, a worshipper of, devotee of Miln.234 (Brahma°+Brahma (garuka).—f. devatā in pati° “worshipping the husband, ” i.e. a devoted wife J.III, 406; VvA.128. (Page 330)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvata (देवत).—n (Properly daivata) A god. 2 fig. A darling, fondling, tiddling, pet.

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dēvatā (देवता).—f (S) A god or deity. 2 Divinity, godship, divine power or essence.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

dēvata (देवत).—n A god. A darling, fondling.

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dēvatā (देवता).—f A god or deity. Divinity.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devatā (देवता).—

1) Divine dignity or power, divinity; शाकल्य तस्य का देवतेत्यमृतमिति होवाच (śākalya tasya kā devatetyamṛtamiti hovāca) Bṛ. Up.3.9.1; cf. ŚB. on MS. 1.4.23;6.3.19.

2) A deity, god; Ku.1.1.

3) The image of a deity; Ms.4.13.

4) An idol.

5) An organ of sense.

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Devāṭa (देवाट).—Name of a sacred place called Harihara.

Derivable forms: devāṭaḥ (देवाटः).

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Devaṭa (देवट).—An artisan, a mechanic.

Derivable forms: devaṭaḥ (देवटः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Devata (देवत).—m., nt., divinity; interpreted by Weller 36 as = Sanskrit daivata; that may have something to do with it, but see § 9.4; in part it seems also a matter of use of m. and nt. endings (and modifiers) with f. noun (devatā): kasmān name devate (acc. pl.) Lalitavistara 120.12 (verse), why should he bow to the gods?; devataiḥ 221.5 and 10 (verses; only v.l. devaiḥ, unmetrical(ly)); -devataiḥ, °tair also 281.5, 8 (verse, no v.l.); kiṃcid giridevatam vā nadīdevataṃ vā (n. sg.) 382.6 (prose; Calcutta (see LV.) daiv°); ete catvāro bodhivṛkṣade- vatās (m. n. pl.) 401.22 (prose), and tān devatān (acc. pl.) 402.2; anye…-devatāḥ 421.9 (verse), and in next line teṣāṃ, referring to these devatāḥ; in Divyāvadāna 209.5 (prose) ane- kābhir Vaiśālīvananivāsinībhir devatair (despite fem. adjs.!).

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Devatā (देवता) or Devatī.—(the form °tī is cited by [Ardha-Māgadhī Dictionary] from a manuscript work as = Devakī, the mother of Kṛṣṇa!), divinity: only noted in Sādhanamālā, but fairly com- mon there, by the side of devatā; devatyaḥ, °tyo Sādhanamālā 140.11; 180.10; 185.19; -tyor, loc. dual, 191.22; daśade- vatīparivṛtaṃ 195.6; sarvāsāṃ °tīnāṃ 199.4, etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Devaṭa (देवट).—mfn.

(-ṭaḥ-ṭā-ṭaṃ) An artist, an artisan. E. div to sport, aṭan Unadi aff.

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Devatā (देवता).—f.

(-tā) 1. A god, a deity or divine being. 2. Divinity; see devatva. E. deva divine, svārthe tal affix of the abstract: in the first case, an added; of whom the attribute is divinity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Devaṭa (देवट) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—poet. [Subhāshitāvali by Vallabhadeva]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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