Devata, aka: Devatā, Devāṭa, Devaṭa; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Devata means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana

Devata in Purana glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

Devata (देवत).—33 crores;1 30 crores?2 Relations of, with Sages and Pitṛs.3

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 30. 160.
  • 2) Ib. 61. 138.
  • 3) Ib. 62. 21.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vedanta (school of philosophy)

Devatā (देवता):—Mitra is the Devatātman,—the Shining One, the Intelligence, the Self identifying Himself with, and manifesting Himself as, day and prāṇa or upward current of life-breath. Varuṇa is the Intelligence concerned with night and apāna or downward current of life-breath, Aryaman with the eye and the sun, Indra with strength, Bṛhaspati with speech and buddhi or intellect, Viṣṇu with the feet. These and others are the Devatās working in the individual organism.

May all these Devatās be propitious to us. It is only when these are propitious to us that wisdom can be studied, retained in memory and imparted to others without any obstacle. Hence the prayer to them to be propitious. (See Taittirīya-Upaniṣad 1.1 with Śaṅkarāchārya’s commentary)

Source: archive.org: The Taittiriya-upanishad
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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Devata is a constituent of sacrifice as well as its result. Devatas consume the havis offered in a sacrifice and give the result of sacrifice performed. As a result of sacrifice, along with the desired result, the grace of devata remains. When sacrifice is performed without desiring a result, devata’s grace remains the result of sacrifice. Devata is mantra-baddha, meaning He is bound to give the result of a sacrifice/mantra when invoked. Thus the result of any form of worship is bound to come.

Source: Hindupedia: The Hindu Encyclopedia

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Devatā (देवता, “celestial beings”) refers to “attributing faults the celestial beings” and is one of the causes leading to the influx (āsrana) of faith-deluding (darśana-mohanīya) karmas.

Devatā is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Devatā (देवता).—What is meant by finding faults in the celestial beings (devatā-avarṇavāda)? To call the celestial beings as eaters of meat, consumer of alcohol and enjoying sex with other women is finding faults with the gods and goddesses.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 6: Influx of karmas
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Devata in Pali glossary... « previous · [D] · next »

devatā : (f.) a deity.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Devatā, (f.) (deva+tā, qualitative-abstr. suffix, like Lat. juventa, senecta, Goth. hauhipa, Ohg. fullida cp. Sk. pūrṇatā, bandhutā etc.) “condition or state of a deva, ” divinity; divine being, deity, fairy. The term comprises all beings which are otherwise styled devas, & a list of them given at Nd2 308 & based on the principle that any being who is worshipped (or to whom an offering is made or a gift given: de-vatā=yesaṃ deti, as is expressed in the conclusion “ye yesaṃ dakkhiṇeyyā te tesaṃ devatā”) is a devatā, comprises 5 groups of 5 kinds each, viz. (1) ascetics; (2) domestic animals (elephants, horses, cows, cocks, crows); (3) physical forces & elements (fire, stone etc.); (4) lower gods (: bhumma devā) (nāgā, suvaṇṇā, yakkhā, asurā, gandhabbā); (5) higher gods (: inhabitants of the devaloka proper) Mahārājā, Canda, Suriya, Inda, Brahmā), to which are added the 2 aspects of the sky-god as devadevatā & disā-devatā).—Another definition at VvA.21 simply states: devatā ti devaputto pi Brahmā pi devadhītā pi vuccati.—Among the var. deities the foll. are frequently mentioned: rukkha° tree-gods or dryads M.I, 306; J.I, 221; PvA.5; vatthu° earth gods (the four kings) Pv 41; PvA.17; vana° wood-nymphs M.I, 306; samudda° water-sprites J.II, 112 etc. etc. ‹-› D.I, 180 (mahiddhikā, pl.), 192; II, 8, 87, 139, 158; S.I, sq.; IV, 302; M.I, 245; II, 37; A.I, 64, 210, 211; II, 70 (sapubba°); III, 77 (bali-paṭiggāhikā), 287 (saddhāya samannāgatā); 309; IV, 302 sq., 390 (vippaṭisāriniyo); V, 331; Sn.45, 316, 458, 995, 1043; Dh.99; J.I, 59, 72, 223, 256; IV, 17, 474; Vv 163; Pv.II, 110; KhA 113, 117; PvA.44.

—ânubhāva divine power or majesty J.I, 168; —ânussati “remembrance of the gods, ” one of the 6 ânussatiṭṭhānāni, or subjects to be kept in mind D.III, 250, 280, cp. A.I, 211; Vism.197. —uposatha a day of devotion to the gods A.I, 211; —paribhoga fit to be enjoyed by gods J.II, 104; —bali an offering to the gods A.II, 68; —bhāva at PvA.110 read as devattabhāva (opp. petattabhāva). (Page 330)

— or —

Devata, (adj.) (-°) having such & such a god as one’s special divinity, worshipping, a worshipper of, devotee of Miln.234 (Brahma°+Brahma (garuka).—f. devatā in pati° “worshipping the husband, ” i.e. a devoted wife J.III, 406; VvA.128. (Page 330)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

dēvata (देवत).—n (Properly daivata) A god. 2 fig. A darling, fondling, tiddling, pet.

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dēvatā (देवता).—f (S) A god or deity. 2 Divinity, godship, divine power or essence.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dēvata (देवत).—n A god. A darling, fondling.

--- OR ---

dēvatā (देवता).—f A god or deity. Divinity.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Devatā (देवता).—

1) Divine dignity or power, divinity; शाकल्य तस्य का देवतेत्यमृतमिति होवाच (śākalya tasya kā devatetyamṛtamiti hovāca) Bṛ. Up.3.9.1; cf. ŚB. on MS. 1.4.23;6.3.19.

2) A deity, god; Ku.1.1.

3) The image of a deity; Ms.4.13.

4) An idol.

5) An organ of sense.

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Devāṭa (देवाट).—Name of a sacred place called Harihara.

Derivable forms: devāṭaḥ (देवाटः).

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Devaṭa (देवट).—An artisan, a mechanic.

Derivable forms: devaṭaḥ (देवटः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 237 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Ishtadevata
Iṣṭadeva (इष्टदेव).—a favourite god, one's tutelary deity. Derivable forms: iṣṭadevaḥ (इष्टदेवः...
Vanadevata
Vanadevatā (वनदेवता).—a sylvan deity, a dryad; शुश्राव कुञ्जेषु यशः स्वमुच्चैरुद्गीयमानं वनदेवत...
Gramadevata
Grāmadevatā (ग्रामदेवता).—India is predominantly a rural country with a number of villages, and...
Sthaladevata
Sthaladevatā (स्थलदेवता).—a local or rural deity. Sthaladevatā is a Sanskrit compound consistin...
Annadevata
Annadevatā (अन्नदेवता).—the deity supposed to preside over articles of food. Annadevatā is a Sa...
Jaladevata
Jaladevatā (जलदेवता).—a naiad, water-nymph. Jaladevatā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the...
Kuladevata
kuladēvatā (कुलदेवता).—f-daivata n The tutelar divinity of a race.
Grihadevata
Gṛhadevatā (गृहदेवता).—the goddess of a house; (pl.) a class of household deities; Ks.4.74. Gṛh...
Vastudevata
Vāstudevatā (वास्तुदेवता).—the tutelary deity of a house. Vāstudevatā is a Sanskrit compound co...
Devatagara
Devatāgāra (देवतागार).—a temple. Derivable forms: devatāgāraḥ (देवतागारः), devatāgāram (देवतागा...
Paradevata
Paradevatā (परदेवता).—the Supreme Being. Paradevatā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the te...
Rukkhadevata
Rukkhadevatā (रुक्खदेवता, “tree-goddess”).—The Yakṣiṇī is worshipped as the goddess of wealth o...
Rangadevata
Raṅgadevatā (रङ्गदेवता).—the goddess supposed to preside over battlefield, sports and public di...
Parivaradevata
Parivāradevata (परिवारदेवत) refers to the “gods related in a family” whose images are found sca...
Devatayatana
Devatāyatana (देवतायतन) refers to “temples”. These should be built by the King on boundary-l...

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