Kricchra, Kṛcchra: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kricchra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṛcchra can be transliterated into English as Krcchra or Kricchra, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Krichchhra.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kricchra in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र).—A mode of atonement for sins and crimes; prājāpatya, a form of it.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 41-3, 52. Vāyu-purāṇa 18. 21.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Shodhganga: The saurapurana - a critical study (dharma)

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र) and Atikṛcchra refers to penances for expiating (prāyaścitta) sins (pātaka) according to the Manusmṛti XI.212-214.—Accordingly, “a person who performs the kṛcchra penance shall eat during three days in the morning only , during the following three days food given unasked and shall fast during another three days. A person who performs atikṛcchra penance must take his food during three periods of three days one mouthful only at each meal and fast during the last three days”.

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र):—Difficult functioning

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र).—n S A kind of religious penance. 2 Bodily pain. 3 (For mūtrakṛcchra) Strangury. kṛcchrēṅkarūna (dēṇēṃ, karaṇēṃ &c.) With reluctance; with much difficulty--giving, doing &c.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र).—a. [cf. Uṇ2.21]

1) Causing trouble, painful; तथात्यजन्निमं देहं कृच्छ्राद् ग्राहाद्विमुच्यते (tathātyajannimaṃ dehaṃ kṛcchrād grāhādvimucyate) Ms.6.78.

2) Bad, miserable, evil.

3) Wicked, sinful.

4) Being in a difficult or painful situation.

-cchraḥ, -cchram 1 A difficulty, trouble, hardship, misery, calamity, danger; कृच्छ्रं महत्तीर्णः (kṛcchraṃ mahattīrṇaḥ) R.14.6;13.77.

2) Bodily mortification, penance, expiation; Ms.4.222;5.21;11.16.

3) Torment, torture.

4) A particular kind of religious penance (prājāpatya); कृच्छ्राणि चीर्त्वा च ततो यथ्क्तानि द्विजोत्तमैः (kṛcchrāṇi cīrtvā ca tato yathktāni dvijottamaiḥ) Mb.13. 1.64.

-cchraḥ Ischury.

-cchram Sin.

-cchram, kṛcchret, kṛcchrat ind. With great difficulty, painfully, miserably; लब्धं कृच्छ्रेण रक्ष्यते (labdhaṃ kṛcchreṇa rakṣyate) H.1.163.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र).—mfn.

(-cchraḥ-cchrā-cchraṃ) 1. Attended with pain, painful. 2. Wicked, sinful. mn.

(-cchraḥ-cchraṃ) Bodily pain. Penance, expiation. 3. Sin. 4. difficulty, labour, trouble. 5. A kind of religious penance, according to some, the same as the Prajapatya: see prājāpatya; (according to others, as the Santapana: (see sāntapana.) E. kṛt to cut, rak Unadi affix, and cha substituted for the final.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र).— (probably from an old pres. base kṛccha of the vb. kṛṣ; cf. e. g. iṣ, pr. base iccha), I. adj., f. . 1. Painful, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 74, 29. 2. Difficult, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 46, 16. 3. Dangerous, [Suśruta] 1, 131, 4. 4. Wicked, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 6, 78. 5. Miserable, Mahābhārata 3, 15388. Ii. n. and m. 1. Pain, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 9, 24, 35. 2. Difficulty, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 68, 53. 3. Distress, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 23. 4. Penance, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 222. Iii. acc. ram, adverbially, Miserably, [Rāmāyaṇa] 4, 22, 7. Instr. reṇa, adv. With difficulty, [Pañcatantra] 137, 25; with much ado, [Pañcatantra] 40, 10. Abl. rāt, adv. With difficulty, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 73, 11.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र).—[adjective] troublesome, painful, difficult, dangerous, bad, miserable, [neuter] [adverb] —[masculine] [neuter] trouble, pain, difficulty, danger, misery; austerity, expiation, a cert. slight penance. °—, [instrumental], & [ablative] (*[with] [participle]), & kṛcchratas [adverb] with difficulty, hardly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र):—mf(ā)n. (perhaps [from] √kṛś, and connected with kaṣṭa), causing trouble or pain, painful, attended with pain or labour, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra; Suśruta]

2) being in a difficult or painful situation, [Rāmāyaṇa ii, 78, 14]

3) bad, evil, wicked, [Horace H. Wilson]

4) mn. difficulty, trouble, labour, hardship, calamity, pain, danger (often ifc. e.g. vana-vāsak, the difficulties of living in a forest; mūtra-k q.v.; artha-kṛcchreṣu, in difficulties, in a miserable situation, [Mahābhārata iii, 65; Nalopākhyāna xv, 3]; prāṇakṛcchra, danger of life, [Mahābhārata ii, 6; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]), [Ṛg-veda x, 52, 4; Nirukta, by Yāska; Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

5) ischury (= mūtra-k), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) bodily mortification, austerity, penance, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti] etc.

7) a particular kind of religious penance, [Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

8) m. Name of Viṣṇu, [Mahābhārata xii, 12864]

9) m. (in [compound] with a perf. [Passive voice] p. [Pāṇini 2-1, 39; vi; 3, 2.])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र):—[(cchraḥ-cchraṃ)] 1. m. n. Bodily pain, penance; trouble; a. Painful.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र):—[Die Uṇādi-Affixe 2, 22.]

1) adj. f. ā a) was Beschwerde und Noth verursacht, schlimm, arg: kṛcchrādgrāhādvimucyate [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 6, 78.] itthaṃ ca deśānanusaṃcarāmo vanāni kṛcchrāṇi kṛcchrarūpāḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 1366.] kṛcchrāṃ prāpa sa āpadam [1, 111.] kṛcchrāmāpedire vṛttimannahetoḥ [13, 4423.] kṛcchre vane [Nalopākhyāna 15, 16.] narake [6, 12.] vyasanodaye [Pañcatantra III, 254.] kṛcchrātkṛcchrataram vyasanam [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 74, 29.] amantrayitvā sacivairyo rthaṃ kṛcchrāṃ (eine schwierige Angelegenheit) nṛpaścaret . na sa tiṣṭhecciraṃ rājye puṣkare salilaṃ yathā .. [46, 16.] von schwer heilbaren, gefährlichen Krankheiten: ato nyathā tvasādhyaḥ syātkṛcchro vyāmiśralakṣaṇaḥ (gadaḥ) [Suśruta 1, 131, 4.] kapālikā kṛcchratamā [2, 128, 13. 358, 10.] kṛcchrayonimanuprāptā na sukhaṃ vindate janāḥ welche eine elende, jammervolle Geburt erlangen d. h. als jammervolle Wesen geboren werden [Mahābhārata 3, 15388.] kṛcchram adv. auf eine arge, jämmerliche Weise: eṣāṃ vilapatāṃ kṛcchram [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 22, 7.] — b) sich in Noth und Jammer befindend: amantrayata kṛcchraśca tasyāḥ sarvaḥ sakhījanaḥ [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 78, 14.] —

2) m. (dieses selten) n. [?(Siddhāntakaumudī 249,b],

1) a) Schwierigkeit, Beschwerde, Widerwärtigkeit, Ungemach. Noth, Jammer, Elend, Gefahr: ba.u kṛ.chrā carantam [Ṛgveda 10, 52, 4.] bahuprajāḥ kṛcchramāpadyate [Yāska’s Nirukta 2, 8.] kṛcchrāpattiḥ [7.] necchandasāṃ kṛcchrādavapadyā iti wegen der Schwierigkeit [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 4, 4.] kṛcchramidamasmākamāgatam [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 19, 7.] kathaṃ cedaṃ mahatkṛcchraṃ prāptavatyasi [Nalopākhyāna 11, 28.] mahatkhalu kṛcchramanubhūtaṃ tatrabhavatyā [Mālavikāgnimitra 68, 21.] kṛcchro mahān [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 22, 40.] saṃprāpya paṇḍitaḥ kṛcchraṃ prajñāmevāvagāhate . bālastu kṛcchramāsādya śilevāmbhasi majjati .. [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 68, 53.] sa kṛcchramahamāpannaḥ [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 1, 34.] kṛcchre vartamānān [Mahābhārata 14, 53.] vyasane vātha kṛcchre vā bhaye vā jīvitāntake [Rāmāyaṇa 4, 6, 10.] sa kṛcchrānmocayātmānam [Brāhmaṇavilāpa 3, 11.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 19, 35.] kṛcchreṣu [Mahābhārata 1, 255.] [Viśvāmitra’s Kampf 8, 19.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 71, 12.] [Pañcatantra I, 65.] samrāṭśabdo hi kṛcchrabhāk [Mahābhārata 2, 636.] kṛcchragata sich in Noth, Gefahr befindend [Mahābhārata 1, 1703.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 85, 13. 4, 19, 7.] [Bhartṛhari 2, 23.] kṛcchrāllokasya bibhyatī vor dem Ungemach, welches ihr das Volk anthun könnte, sich fürchtend [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 24, 35] ([BURNOUF]: parce qu'elle craignait les mauvais discours du peuple). vanavāsakṛcchra die Beschwerden des Waldlebens [1, 8, 24.] mūtrakṛcchra (s. auch d.) Harnbeschwerde [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 6.] [Scholiast] Nach dem [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] auch ohne mūtra in derselb. Bed. arthakṛcchreṣu bei Schwierigkeiten, - Widerwärtigkeiten, in schlimmer Lage [Mahābhārata 3, 65.] [Nalopākhyāna 15, 3.] naivārthakṛcchrādbhavato vinigrahāt (udvijate) [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 22, 3.] prāṇakṛcchra Lebensgefahr [Mahābhārata 2, 6.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 7, 20.] dharmakṛcchre in einem Augenblicke wo das Recht gefährdet war, eine Störung erfuhr, [Nalopākhyāna] [?(BOPP) 24, 18.] gamanakṛcchra eine Unterbrechung des Ganges [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 6,] [Scholiast] kṛcchreṇa mit Beschwerde, mit Mühe, mit Anstrengung, mit genauer Noth, schwer [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 33.] kṛcchreṇa bahu mehantam [Suśruta 1, 121, 6. 2, 513, 14.] avāpya saṃjñāṃ kṛcchreṇa laṅkāṃ pratigataḥ purīm [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 42, 43. 4, 16. 46. 59, 10. 6, 37, 27.] [Hiḍimbavadha 1, 15.] [Pañcatantra 137, 25. 217, 23.] [Hitopadeśa 37, 14.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 1, 15, 3. 3, 30, 23.] bhagnaṃ kṛcchreṇa sidhyati heilt schwer [Suśruta 2, 26, 12. 399, 10.] varṣāṇyekādaśātīyuḥ kṛcchreṇa [Mahābhārata 3, 15370.] [Pañcatantra 40, 10.] alpakṛcchreṇa mit geringer Mühe [Saddharmapuṇḍarīka, 13],a. — kṛcchrāt = kṛcchreṇa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 3, 33.] kṛcchrādudvaheta bhāram [Mahābhārata 3, 335.] [Rāmāyaṇa 2, 103, 24. 3, 73, 11. 4, 10, 31. 49, 27. 6, 36, 81. 82. 108.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 46. 49.] [Pañcatantra I, 197. 214, 22. 217, 22.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 4, 5] (das Komma müsste vor kṛcchrāt stehen). [81. 123. 6, 95.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 8, 3, 32] (BURNOUF: en ce danger). nātikṛcchrādiva [Mahābhārata 1, 1442.] kṛcchrāt mit einem partic. praet. pass. compon. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 1, 39. 6, 3, 2.] Acc. eines solchen comp. [Siddhāntakaumudī] zu [6,2,49.] — kṛcchratas = kṛcchrāt: saṃvatsaraḥ pūrṇo bhavati kṛcchrataḥ [Mahābhārata 3, 2036.] kṛcchralabdha mit Mühe erlangt [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 6, 14, 36.] Acc. eines solchen comp. gaṇa sukhādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 6, 2, 170.] kṛcchrasādhya schwer heilbar [Suśruta 1, 63, 2. 261, 9.] — b) Kasteiung, Busse; eine best. kleine Busse: caretkṛcchram [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 4. 222. 5, 21.] kṛcchraṃ sāṃtapanaṃ caret . yaticāndrāyaṇaṃ vāpi [20.] prājāpatyaṃ caretkṛcchram [11, 105. 124. 139.] kṛtvā prākṛtaṃ kṛcchram [158. 164. 173.] tribhiḥ kṛcchraiḥ [197.] kṛcchraṃ cāndrāyaṇaṃ caiva tadasyāḥ pāvanaṃ smṛtam [177. 212.] tāṃścārayitvā trīṃkṛcchrān [191.] parāko nāma kṛcchro yam [215.] kṛcchrābdena viśudhyati [162.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 50. 260. 264. 282.] kṛcchrāṇi cīrtvā ca tato yathoktāni dvijottamaiḥ [Mahābhārata 13, 495.] snātāḥ kṛcchrādiva [Daśaratha’s Tod 1, 16.] [Weber’s Verzeichniss No. 1165.] kṛcchrakṛt [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 328.] — Die Lexicographen geben dem Worte kṛcchra folgg. Bedd.: kaṣṭa oder ābhīla [Amarakoṣa 1, 2, 2, 4. 3, 4, 9, 42.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1371.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 406] (kāṣṭha st. kaṣṭa). [Medinīkoṣa Rāmāyaṇa 19.] pragāḍha [Amarakoṣa 3, 4, 12, 47.] atyaya [24, 152.] aṃhas oder pāpa [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] sāṃtapanādika [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 51. 3, 4, 30, 234.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 842.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] duḥkha und tatkāraṇa [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 2, 22,] [Scholiast] — kṛcchra geht vielleicht auf 1. karṣ hinundherzausen zurück; vor dem suff. ra müsste man einen auch sonst vorkommenden Uebergang von ṣa in cha annehmen. Vielleicht entstammt das gleichbedeutende kaṣṭa derselben Wurzel.

--- OR ---

Kṛcchra (कृच्छ्र):—

1) a) kṛcchra, ati, mahā und sarva unter den Beiww. Viṣṇu’s [Mahābhārata 12, 12864.] —

2) a) kṛcchra und kāla Gefahr und Stunde der Gefahr [Spr. 4557. fg.] — b) ṣaḍmirvarṣaiḥ kṛcchrabhojī brahmahā pūyate naraḥ [Mahābhārata 12, 1247.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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