Panchatantra [sanskrit]

by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha | 2016 | 13,828 words | ISBN-13: 9788193077962

The Sanskrit edition of the Panchatantra referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Vishnu Sharma and possibly dating as early as 1200 BCE, the Panchatantra (or Pancatantra) represents a collection of short stories teaching basic ethical values and moral conduct that was commonly practiced in ancient Indian. Alternative titles: Śrīviṣṇuśarman Pañcatantra (श्रीविष्णुशर्मन् पञ्चतन्त्र, Śrī-viṣṇuśarman pancatantra, श्री-विष्णुशर्मन्, Sri-visnusarman)

अव्यापरेषु व्यापारं यो नरः कर्तुम् इच्छति ।
स एव निधनं याति कीलोत्पाटीव वानरः ॥ २१ ॥

avyāpareṣu vyāpāraṃ yo naraḥ kartum icchati |
sa eva nidhanaṃ yāti kīlotpāṭīva vānaraḥ || 21 ||

The English translation of Panchatantra Verse 1.21 is contained in the book The Complete Pancatantra: Sanskrit Text with English Translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha. This book is not available online so in order to read the full text and translation you should buy the book:

Buy now! English translation by Dr. Naveen Kumar Jha (2016)

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (1.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Avi, Avya, Apara, Vyapara, Yah, Nara, Nri, Kartu, Icchat, Eva, Nidhana, Yat, Yati, Kila, Utpatin, Vanara,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Panchatantra Verse 1.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line1: “avyāpareṣu vyāpāraṃ yo naraḥ kartum icchati”
  • avyā -
  • avya (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    avya (vocative single)
    avya (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    avya (vocative single)
    avi (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avī (noun, feminine); (8 der.)
    avyā (nominative dual)
    avyā (nominative dual)
    avyā (vocative dual)
    avyā (vocative dual)
    avyā (accusative dual)
    avyā (accusative dual)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avyā (instrumental single)
    avyā (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    avyā (nominative single)
    avyā (nominative single)
    u -> avya (participle, masculine); (3 der.)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
    u -> avya (participle, neuter); (3 der.)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avya (vocative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
    u -> avyā (participle, feminine); (6 der.)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 1 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 2 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
    avyā (nominative single), from √u (class 5 verb)
  • apareṣu -
  • apara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    apareṣu (locative plural)
    apara (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    apareṣu (locative plural)
  • vyāpāram -
  • vyāpāra (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    vyāpāram (adverb)
    vyāpāram (accusative single)
  • yo* -
  • yaḥ (indeclinable relative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable relative)
    ya (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yaḥ (nominative single)
  • naraḥ -
  • nara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    naraḥ (nominative single)
    nṛ (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    naraḥ (nominative plural)
    naraḥ (vocative plural)
  • kartum -
  • kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kṛ -> kartum (infinitive); (1 der.)
    (infinitive), from √kṛ
    kartu (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    kartum (accusative single)
    kartu (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kartum (accusative single)
  • icchati -
  • iṣ -> icchat (participle, masculine); (1 der.)
    icchati (locative single), from √iṣ (class 6 verb)
    iṣ -> icchat (participle, neuter); (1 der.)
    icchati (locative single), from √iṣ (class 6 verb)
    iṣ (verb class 6); (1 der.)
    icchati (present active third single)
  • Line2: “sa eva nidhanaṃ yāti kīlotpāṭīva vānaraḥ”
  • sa* -
  • saḥ (indeclinable correlative); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable correlative)
    sa (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    saḥ (nominative single)
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable particle)
    eva (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
    eva (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    eva (vocative single)
  • nidhanam -
  • nidhana (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhana (noun, neuter); (3 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
    nidhanam (nominative single)
    nidhanam (accusative single)
    nidhanā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    nidhanam (adverb)
  • yāti -
  • yāti (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yāti (noun, feminine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yāti (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    (compound)
    (adverb)
    yāti (nominative single)
    yāti (vocative single)
    yāti (accusative single)
    yāt (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    yāti (locative single)
    yāt (noun, neuter); (1 der.)
    yāti (locative single)
    (verb class 2); (1 der.)
    yāti (present active third single)
  • kīlo -
  • kīla (noun, masculine); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kīla (vocative single)
    kīla (noun, neuter); (2 der.)
    (compound)
    kīla (vocative single)
    kīlā (noun, feminine); (1 der.)
    kīlā (nominative single)
    kīl (verb class 1); (1 der.)
    kīla (imperative active second single)
  • utpāṭī -
  • utpāṭin (noun, masculine); (4 der.)
    utpāṭi (compound)
    utpāṭi (adverb)
    utpāṭī (nominative single)
    utpāṭī (nominative single)
    utpāṭin (noun, neuter); (5 der.)
    utpāṭi (compound)
    utpāṭi (adverb)
    utpāṭi (nominative single)
    utpāṭi (vocative single)
    utpāṭi (accusative single)
  • iva -
  • iva (indeclinable adverb); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable adverb)
    iva (indeclinable); (1 der.)
    (indeclinable)
  • vānaraḥ -
  • vānara (noun, masculine); (1 der.)
    vānaraḥ (nominative single)

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Panchatantra Verse 1.21

Cover of edition (2015)

Pancatantra of Visnusarman
by M. R. Kale (2015)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2016)

Panchatantra in Simple Sanskrit
by Dr. Vishwas (2016)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2020)

Panchatantram (Telugu)
by Tadanki Venkata Lakshmi Narasimha Rao (2020)

Published by J. P. Publications, Vijayawada; Throughout black & white Illustrations; 9788192053851.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.21 in Telugu sript:
అవ్యాపరేషు వ్యాపారం యో నరః కర్తుమ్ ఇచ్ఛతి ।
స ఏవ నిధనం యాతి కీలోత్పాటీవ వానరః ॥ ౨౧ ॥

Cover of edition (2010)

Panchatantram Bhashavyakhyanam (Malayalam)
by Dr. K.G. Sreelekha (2010)

Published by the University of Kerala.

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.21 in Malayalam sript:
അവ്യാപരേഷു വ്യാപാരം യോ നരഃ കര്തുമ് ഇച്ഛതി ।
സ ഏവ നിധനം യാതി കീലോത്പാടീവ വാനരഃ ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2017)

The Panchatantra Stories (Tamil)
by P. S. Aacharya (2017)

Published by Narmadha Pathippagam, Chennai.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Panchatantrer Galpa (Bengali)
by Children's Book Trust (2014)

Throughout color Illustration; 9788170112730

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.21 in Bengali sript:
অব্যাপরেষু ব্যাপারং যো নরঃ কর্তুম্ ইচ্ছতি ।
স এব নিধনং যাতি কীলোত্পাটীব বানরঃ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Panchatantra in Gujarati (Comic)
by Anant Pai (2013)

[શિયાળા અને રણશિંગ પંચતંત્ર] Published by Amar Chitra Katha; Throughout Color Illustrations; 9789350853115

Buy now!

Preview of verse 1.21 in Gujarati sript:
અવ્યાપરેષુ વ્યાપારં યો નરઃ કર્તુમ્ ઇચ્છતિ ।
સ એવ નિધનં યાતિ કીલોત્પાટીવ વાનરઃ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

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