Nidhana, Nidhāna: 13 definitions


Nidhana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Nidhāna (निधान) is a Sanskrit technical term denoting a “residence” in general, according to the lists of synonyms given in the Samarāṅgaṇa-sūtradhāra XVIII.8-9, which is a populair treatise on Vāstuśāstra literature.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Mantra-sādhana: Chapter One of the Kakṣapuṭatantra

Nidhāna (निधान, “treasure”) is accomplished by performing mantrasādhana (preparatory procedures) beginning with japamālā using a rosary bead made of conch shell beads, according to the Kakṣapuṭatantra verse 1.47, “to achieve artha (wealth), a rosary should be made from conch shell beads. To accomplish the nidhāna (treasure) and Yakṣiṇī ritual, the rosary should be strung with a white thread”.

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Nidhana (निधन) is the name of a deity who was imparted with the knowledge of the Svāyambhuvāgama by Sadāśiva through parasambandha, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The svāyambhuva-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgama: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Nidhana in turn transmitted the Svāyambhuvāgama (through mahānsambandha) to Nalinodbhava who then, through divya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Svāyambhuvāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Nidhāna.—(HRS), explained as ‘cess imposed upon agricultural land’; but ‘freshly assessed tax’; cf. nava-nidhāna. cf. sa-nidhi-nidhāna (Ep. Ind., Vol. XXXV, p. 139, text line 20), in which it is the same as nikṣepa; also sa-vana-śvabhra-nidhāna; probably, a mine. Note: nidhāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (N) next»] — Nidhana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

nidhāna : (nt.) a deposit; a hidden treasure.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nidhāna, (nt.) (Vedic nidhāna, see nidahati) laying down, depositing, keeping; receptacle; accumulation, (hidden) treasure J. IV, 280 (nidhi°); PvA. 7 (udaka-dāna-nīharaṇa-n°), 97 (n-gata dhana=hoarded, accumulated), 132 (°ṃ nidhessāmi gather a treasure); DhsA. 405 (°kkhama). (Page 359)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nidhana (निधन).—n S Death or dying. 2 Loss, disappearance, destruction, annihilation.

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nidhāna (निधान).—n (S) nidhi m (S) A treasure of kubēra the Indian Plutus. There are nine, padma, mahāpadma, śaṅkha, makara, kacchapa, mukunda, nanda, nīla, kharva. 2 A natural treasure, a mine. 3 A buried or hidden treasure. Pr. dhānya tēthēṃ ghuśī nidhāna tēthēṃ viṃvaśī. 4 A receptacle or repository. Ex. guṇanidhāna, dayānidhāna, karūṇā- nidhāna, vidyānidhāna, puṇyanidhāna, pāpanidhāna; also guṇanidhi, dayānidhi &c.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nidhana (निधन).—n Death. Loss, disappearance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nidhana (निधन).—a. [nivṛttaṃ dhanaṃ yasmāt; Uṇ.2.81]

1) Poor, indigent; अहो निधनता सर्वापदामास्पदम् (aho nidhanatā sarvāpadāmāspadam) Mk.1.14.

-naḥ, nam 1 Destruction, annihilation, death, loss; स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः (svadharme nidhanaṃ śreyaḥ) Bg.3.35; म्लेच्छनिवहनिधने कलयसि करवालम् (mlecchanivahanidhane kalayasi karavālam) Gīt.1; कल्पान्ते- ष्वपि न प्रयाति निधनं विद्याख्यमन्तर्धनम् (kalpānte- ṣvapi na prayāti nidhanaṃ vidyākhyamantardhanam) Bh.2.16; Pt.1.21; 5.95.

2) The concluding passage at the end of a Sāman sung in chorus, the fifth of the five parts of Sāman; लोकेषु पञ्चविधं सामोपासीत (lokeṣu pañcavidhaṃ sāmopāsīta) ...... द्यौर्निधनम् (dyaurnidhanam) Ch. Up.2. 2.1.

3) The finale (in music).

4) Name of the eighth lunar mansion.

5) Conclusion, end, termination; अस्य वाक्यस्य निधने प्रादुरासीच्छिवोऽनिलः (asya vākyasya nidhane prādurāsīcchivo'nilaḥ) Mb.6.119.38.

6) Ved. Residence; receptacle.

-naḥ The head of a family.

-nam Family, race.

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Nidhāna (निधान).—

1) Putting down, laying down, depositing.

2) Keeping, preserving.

3) Place where anything is placed, a receptacle, reservoir; निधानं धर्माणाम् (nidhānaṃ dharmāṇām) G. L.18.

4) Treasure; निधानगर्भामिव सागराम्बराम् (nidhānagarbhāmiva sāgarāmbarām) R.3.9; Bg.9.18; विद्यैव लोकस्य परं निधानम् (vidyaiva lokasya paraṃ nidhānam) Subhāṣ.

5) Hoard, store, property, wealth.

6) A place of cessation or rest.

7) A deposit; Ms.8.36.

Derivable forms: nidhānam (निधानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhana (निधन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-naṃ) Poor. mn.

(-naḥ-naṃ) 1. Race, family. 2. Loss, disappearance, annihilation, 3. Death, dying. 4. The seventh asterism of the lunar mansions, reckoning from that under which a person is born. m.

(-naḥ) The head of a family. E. ni before dhā to cherish, affix ac, or ni neg. dhana wealth, or ni + dhā + kyu .

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Nidhāna (निधान).—n.

(-naṃ) 1. A Nid'hi or divine treasure, belonging especially to Kuvera the god of wealth. 2. A receptacle, a place or vessel in or on which any thing is collected or deposited. 3. Place of cessation or rest. 4. Property, possessions, wealth. E. ni in or on, dhā to possess, Unadi affix kyap or according to others bhāve lyuṭḥ see nidhi .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhana (निधन).—i. e. perhaps ni-han + a, n. 1. Conclusion, end, Mahābhārata 1, 4612; [Suśruta] 1, 18, 19. 2. Annihilation, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 13. 3. Death, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 5, 40.

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Nidhāna (निधान).—i. e. ni-dhā + ana, n. (m., [Rāmāyaṇa] 5, 11, 4), 1. Putting aside, Mahābhārata 4, 158. 2. A receptacle, a place or vessel in or on which anything is collected or deposited, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 2477. 3. A treasure, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nidhana (निधन).—[neuter] going or lying down, i.e. settlement, abode, receptacle; or conclusion, end, death.

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Nidhana (निधन).—[adjective] destitute of wealth, poor, miserable; [abstract] [feminine]

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Nidhāna (निधान).—[neuter] laying down, depositing, keeping, preserving; receptacle, vessel ([rarely] also [masculine], adj. —° [feminine] ī); (hidden) treasure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nidhana (निधन):—[=ni-dhana] 1. ni-dhana mfn. (for 2. See [column]3) having no property, poor, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [=ni-dhana] [from ni-dhā] 2. ni-dhana (for 1. See [column]2) n. (m. only, [Harivaṃśa 4846]; [gana] ardharcādi) settling down, residence or place of r°, domicile, receptacle, [Atharva-veda; Suśruta; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] conclusion, end, death, destruction, loss, annihilation, [Manu-smṛti; Varāha-mihira; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] (in music) the concluding passage of a Sāman which is sung in chorus

5) [v.s. ...] any finale, [Atharva-veda; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] Name of the 8th mansion, [Varāha-mihira]

7) [v.s. ...] race, family, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] m. the head of a family, [Horace H. Wilson]

9) Nidhanā (निधना):—[=ni-dhanā] [from ni-dhana > ni-dhā] f. [plural] Name of [particular] verses or formulas, [Kauśika-sūtra]

10) Nidhāna (निधान):—[=ni-dhāna] [from ni-dhā] n. putting or laying down, depositing, keeping, preserving, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

11) [v.s. ...] laying aside (cf. daṇḍa-n)

12) [v.s. ...] placing (the sacrificial fire), [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

13) [v.s. ...] place for depositing anything, receptacle (rarely m.; ifc. f(ī). ; cf. garbha-n), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

14) [v.s. ...] a place of cessation or rest, [Horace H. Wilson]

15) [v.s. ...] anything laid up, a store, hoard, treasure ([especially] the t° of Kubera), [Manu-smṛti; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Raghuvaṃśa] etc. (-tā f., [Jātakamālā])

16) [=ni-dhāna] [from ni-dhā] mfn. containing anything ([genitive case]) in itself, [Taittirīya-āraṇyaka]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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