Yati, Yāti: 21 definitions



Yati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Yati (यति):—One of the six sons of Nahuṣa (son of Āyu). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.18.1)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Yati (यति).—A king who was the eldest son of Nahuṣa and the eldest brother of Yayāti. Mahābhārata, Ādi Parva, Chapter 75, Verse 31, mentions that he became a yogī and lived in the forest.

2) Yati (यति).—One of the sons of Viśvāmitra. (Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 4, Verse 58).

3) Yati (यति).—A community-group. They were perhaps enemies of yajñas. There are references to them in various parts of the Ṛgveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Yati (यति).—A son of Brahmā, who remained a celibate.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 8. 1.

1b) The eldest son of Nahuṣa who did not like to be king and who devoted himself to the realisation of Ātman; became a Vaikhānasa yogi even as a boy;1 married Gā, daughter of Kākustha.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 18. 1-2; Matsya-purāṇa 24. 50; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 10. 1-2.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 68. 12; Vāyu-purāṇa 93. 13-14.

1c) Feeding of, in a śrāddha pleases Brahmā; duties of;1 Prāyaścittas, for commissions and omissions;2 Śūdra Yatis with bald heads and red robes at the end of Kali.3

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 7. 169; 32. 25; III. 15. 16-30; 68. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 24.
  • 2) Ib. 18. 1-22.
  • 3) Ib. 58. 50 and 59; 93. 6; 104. 23.

1d) A Śiva god.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 36. 33.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Yati (यति) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.70.28) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Yati) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Yati (यति) refers to one of the twenty aspects of tāla (time-measure), according to the Nāṭyaśāstrahapter chapter 28. In musical performance, tāla refers to any rhythmic beat or strike that measures musical time. It is an important concept in ancient Indian musical theory (gāndharvaśāstra) traceable to the Vedic era.

2) Yati (यति) refers to a set of three rules used in the playing of drums (puṣkara) [with reference to Mṛdaṅga, Paṇava and Dardura] according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 33. Accordingly, “the three yatis are Samā, Srotogatā and Gopucchā. The yati is the three ways of combining tempo (laya) and pāṇi. It is of three varieties, such as Rāddha, Viddha and Śayyāgata”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature

Yati (यति) is a term to represent the pause occurs in a verse. Piṅgala explains yati in his sūtra yatirvicchedaḥ (Chandaśśāstra 6.1). Gaṅgādāsa says that as per his teacher Puruṣottama several ancient authorities like Śveta, Māṇḍavya were not in favour of the application of yati. Jayakīrtti, author of Chandonuśāsana, expresses his views on yati by saying that sages like Piṅgala, Vasiṣṭha, Kauṇḍinya, Kapila, Kambala are in favor of yati. However sages like Bharata, Kohala, Māṇḍavya, Śveta, Saitava are not.

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Jaina Yoga

Yati (यति) refers to a type of Bhikṣu: the fourth of the four stages of a layman (āśrama) according to Cāmuṇḍarāya (940–989 A.D.) in his Caritra-sāra. Yati refers to a monk who has already begun to ascend the spiritual ladder.

Cāmuṇḍarāya, who was a Digambara Jain, has taken over the Hindu concept of the four āśramas, which, following Jinasena, he terms brahmacārin, gṛhastha, vānaprastha, and bhikṣu (e.g., Yati).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Yati.—(BL), a monk. Note: yati is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yati : (aor. of yatati) exerted oneself; strived. (m.), a monk. || yāti (yā + a), goes on; proceeds.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yati, (fr. yat, cp. Vedic yati leader, guide) a Buddhist monk Mhvs 5, 37 (racchāgataṃ yatiṃ); 25, 4; 30, 26 (mattikā-dāyakaṃ yatiṃ); 32, 32 (khīṇāsavassa yatino); Dāvs. IV, 33 (yatī); Vism. 79 (vikampeti Mārassa hadayaṃ yatī); PvA. 287 (Instr. muni-vara-yatinā). (Page 548)

— or —

Yāti, (Vedic yāti, or , which represents Idg *ịā, an amplified as in eti (q. v.). Cp. Lat. janua door & the Np. Janus (=January); Lith. jóti to ride, Mir. āth ford.—The Dhtp 368 explains more in applied meaning as “papuṇane, ” cp. Dhtm 596: pāpuṇe) to go, go on, to proceed, to go away;— pres. 1st yāmi Pv. II, 83 (=gacchāmi PvA. 107), Mhvs 10, 3; 2nd yāsi J. I, 291; Mhvs 10, 2 (kuhiṃ yāsi?); 3rd yāti Sn. 720 (tuṇhī y. mahodadhi); Dh. 29, 179, 294, 295; J. VI, 311; Mhvs 5, 47; DhA. I, 18; 1st pl. yāma Mhvs 6, 12 (kiṃ na y. v. l. kiṃ nu y.); 2nd yātha=imper.; 3rd yanti Sn. 179, 578, 714; Dh. 126, 175, 225 (see also note s. v. yanti); Pv. II, 916 (=gacchanti PvA. 120).—imper. 2nd sg. yāhi Pv. II, 16 (read yajāhi?); Mhvs 13, 15; 3rd sg. yātu Mhvs 29, 17; 2nd pl. yātha Mhvs 14, 29; DhA. I, 93. ‹-› ppr. yanto Mhvs 36, 60 (pacchā y. walking behind) Gen. yantassa Mhvs 22, 57 (assavegena y.).—inf. yātave Sn. 834.—Another formation fr. is yāyati (see Geiger, P. Gr. § 138), in an intensive meaning of “to drive, to move on quickly or by special means, ” e.g. in phrase yānena yāyati to drive in a carriage Vin. I, 191 (Pot. yāyeyya); II, 276; Sn. 654 (ppr. : rathass’āṇī va yāyato) 418 (ger. : yānabhūmiṃ yāyitvā yānā oruyha); J. VI, 125. As “march” at J. VI, 449. In special meaning “to drive, ” i.e. “to be driven or affected by” in explanation of the ending of ppr. med kāma‹-› yamāne Sn. 767 (or kāma-yāna) at Nd1 4, viz. “taṇhāya yāyati niyyati vuyhati saṃhariyati. ” Cp. yāna as ending.—pp. yāta. Caus. yapeti & yāpeti (q. v.). ‹-› See also anupari°, ā°, upa°, uy°, pa° (aor. pāyāsi) paccuy°, pari°; and anuyāyati. (Page 552)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

yati (यति).—f S Harmonic pause in metre; a stop or rest.

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yati (यति) [or ती, tī].—m (S) A person of subdued passions. 2 A religious mendicant, esp. of the jaina- sect.

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yātī (याती).—f See under yāta.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

yati (यति).—f Harmonic pause in metre.

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yati (यति) [-tī, -ती].—m An ascetic.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yati (यति).—pron. a. [yad-parimāṇe'ti] (declined only in pl.; nom. acc. yati) As many, as often, how many.

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Yati (यति).—f. [yam-ktin]

1) Restraint, check control.

2) Stopping, ceasing, rest.

3) Guidance.

4) A pause in music; स्थानत्रयं यतीनां च षडास्यानि रसा नव (sthānatrayaṃ yatīnāṃ ca ṣaḍāsyāni rasā nava) Pt.5.55.

5) (In prosody) A cæsura; यतिजिह्वेष्टविश्रामस्थानं कविभि- रुच्यते । सा विच्छेदविरामाद्यैः पदैर्वाच्या निजेच्छया (yatijihveṣṭaviśrāmasthānaṃ kavibhi- rucyate | sā vicchedavirāmādyaiḥ padairvācyā nijecchayā) || Chand. M.1; म्रभ्नैर्यानां त्रयेण त्रिमुनियतियुता स्रग्धरा कीर्तितेयम् (mrabhnairyānāṃ trayeṇa trimuniyatiyutā sragdharā kīrtiteyam); यतिभङ्गप्रवृत्तस्य यतिभङ्गो न दोषभाक् (yatibhaṅgapravṛttasya yatibhaṅgo na doṣabhāk) Śaṃkaradigvijaya.

6) A widow.

-tiḥ m. [yatate mokṣāya yat-in]

1) An ascetic, one who has renounced the world and controlled his passions; यथा दानं विना हस्ती तथा ज्ञानं विना यतिः (yathā dānaṃ vinā hastī tathā jñānaṃ vinā yatiḥ) Bv.1.119.

2) Name of Viṣṇu.

Derivable forms: yatiḥ (यतिः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yati (यति).—Pron. How many, as many, (declined only in the plural, nominative and accusative yati).

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Yati (यति).—m.

(-tiḥ) 1. A sage, whose passions are completely under subjection. 2. A religious mendicant, especially one of the Jaina sect. 3. Stopping, ceasing, rest, term. 4. Restraining, controlling, cheeking. f.

(-tiḥ) 1. A pause in poetry or metre, a stop, a rest. 2. Union, joining. 3. Restraint, check. 4. Guidance. E. yat endeavour, &c., aff. in; or yam to restrain, aff. ktin .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yati (यति).—i. e. yam + ti (or perhaps rather a curtailed form of yatin), I. m. 1. A sage of subdued passions, [Hitopadeśa] ii. [distich] 171. 2. A religious mendicant, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 26. Ii. f. 1. (i. e. yam + ti), A pause (in music), [Pañcatantra] v. [distich] 44. 2. also yatī yatī, A widow.

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Yati (यति).—[ya + ti (yad)], adj. As many.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yati (यति).—1. [plural] as many ([correlative] of tati).

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Yati (यति).—2. [masculine] controller, [especially] of self i.e. ascetic, devotee; [Name] of a myth. race of ascetics etc.

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Yati (यति).—3. [feminine] restraint, control; pause, caesura.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yati (यति):—[from yat] 1. yati m. (for 2. and 3. See [column]2 and p. 845) a disposer, [Ṛg-veda vii, 13, 1] ([Sāyaṇa] ‘a giver’)

2) [v.s. ...] ‘a striver’, an ascetic, devotee, one who has restrained his passions and abandoned the world, [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. (cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 131])

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a mythical race of ascetics (connected with the Bhṛgus and said to have taken part in the creation of the world), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Brahmā, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nahuṣa, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Viśvāmitra, [Mahābhārata]

7) [v.s. ...] Name of Śiva, [Mahābhārata]

8) [v.s. ...] = nikāra or kāra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [from ya-tama] 2. yati ([from] 3. ya correlative of tati; declined only in [plural] [nominative case] [accusative] yati), as many as (= [Latin] quot), as often, how many or often, [Ṛg-veda] (for 1. and 3. yati See [column]1 and p. 845).

10) [from yam] 3. yati f. (for 1. and 2. See p.841, [columns] 1 and 2) restraint, control, guidance, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] stopping, ceasing, a pause (in music), [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

12) [v.s. ...] a caesura (in prosody), [Piṅgala Scholiast, i.e. halāyudha]

13) [v.s. ...] f(i, ī). a widow, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

14) Yāti (याति):—[from ] See ahaṃ-yāti.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yati (यति):—tiḥ) 2. m. A sage; stopping; restraining. f. () Poetic pause; union; sentiment; a widow.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Yati (यति):—1. (von 1. ya) pron. rel. quot, wie viele [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 7, 94.] nom. und acc. flexionslos, yatibhis, yatibhyas, yatīnām, yatiṣu [3, 54.] [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 23. 25. 4, 1, 10. 7, 1, 22. 55. 6, 1, 179. - 181.] tvaṃ vettha.yati.te [Ṛgveda 10, 15, 13.] a.u.ū.ve yatamānā.yati.ṣṭha [18, 6. 63, 6.] wie oft [Atharvavedasaṃhitā 10, 3, 6], wofern hier nicht vielmehr yadi zu lesen ist.

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Yati (यति):—2. (von yat) m.

1) Name eines mit den Bhṛgu zusammenhängenden alten Geschlechts; pl. [Ṛgveda 8, 3, 9. 6, 18.] [Weber’s Indische Studien 3, 465,] [Nalopākhyāna] [ŚVETĀŚV. Upakośā 5, 3.] Es scheint ihnen eine Thätigkeit bei der Bildung der Welt zugeschrieben zu werden: yaddevā.yatayo yathā.bhuvanā.yapinvata [Ṛgveda 10, 72, 7.] Die Brāhmaṇa haben eine Legende, nach der Indra die Yati dem Wilde zum Frass hinwirft, was als Frevel bezeichnet wird. [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 7, 28.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 2, 4, 9, 2. 6, 2, 7, 5.] [Śāṅkhāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 14, 50, 2.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 8, 5. 11, 10. 25, 6. 36, 7.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 8, 1, 4. 13, 4, 16.] [Kauṣītakyupaniṣad 3, 1.] Die Commentatoren sehen darin entweder wirkliche Asketen oder in solche verwandelte Asura. sg.: yatirna, bhṛgurna [Aśvalāyana’s Śrautasūtrāni 6, 3,] [?1; vgl. Atharvavedasaṃhitā 2, 5, 3.] ein Sohn Brahman's [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 8, 1.] Nahuṣa’s [Mahābhārata 1, 3155.] [Harivaṃśa 1600. fgg.] [Viṣṇupurāṇa 413.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 18, 1. 2. Viśvāmitra’s] [Mahābhārata 13, 257.] —

2) ein Asket, ein Mann, der der Welt entsagt hat (zur Festsetzung dieser Bedeutung mag ein mit yam angenommener Zusammenhang beigetragen haben) [Amarakoṣa 2, 7, 43.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 178.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 75. 809.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 2, 188.] [Medinīkoṣa t. 47.] [Halāyudha 2, 189. 238. fg.] [UJJVAL.] zu [Uṇādisūtra 4, 117.] yatayaḥ kṣīṇadoṣāḥ [Muṇḍakopaniṣad 3, 1, 5.] [PRACETAS] bei [Colebrooke 1, 117.] gṛhastha, brahmacārin, vanastha, yati [Manu’s Gesetzbuch.5,137.6,54. fgg. 58. 69. 86. fg. 12,48.] [Bhagavadgītā.4,28.5,26.] [Rāmāyaṇa.1,5,21.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2,16,45. 53,2.3,53,26.] [Weber’s Indische Studien.2,10. 172.9,121.] [Śākuntala 179.] [Raghuvaṃśa.8,16.] [Mālavikāgnimitra 13.] [Spr. 782. 2064. 4265.] [Varāhamihira’s Bṛhajjātaka S. 51,5.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.2,2,15.7,48.] [Oxforder Handschriften.8,a,39. 282,b,41.] [WEBER, Rāmatāpanīya Upaniṣad 362.] [Dhūrtasamāgama] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 76,12. 85,3.] [Pañcatantra 34,4.] mahā [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 41, 22.] yatīndra [Lassen’s Anthologie (II) 87, 19.] yatīndu [Oxforder Handschriften 210,b, No. 497.] ayati [Bhagavadgītā 6, 37. Yati] bei den Jaina [Colebrooke 2, 195.] [WILSON, Sel. Works 1, 317. fgg. 342. fg.] Beiname Śiva’s [Mahābhārata 14, 196.] yatipañcaka n. fünf über die Yati handelnde Strophen [Kāvya-Saṅgraha 487. fg.] —

3) = nikāra [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

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Yati (यति):—

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Yāti (याति):—f. angeblich nom. act. vom intens. von 1. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 1, 58,] [Scholiast] — Vgl. ahaṃ .

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Yati (यति):—2.

2) [Hemacandra] [Yogaśāstra 4, 8.] dharma [1, 45.] yatīndra ebend. —

4) etwa Ordner: ma.ī.ām [Ṛgveda 7, 13, 1.] Geber [Sāyaṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Yati (यति):—1. Adj. Pl. (Nom. Acc. yati quot , wie viele. [Atharvaveda 10,3,6] vielleicht fehlerhaft für yadi.

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Yati (यति):—2. m.

1) etwa Ordner (Geber nach [Sāyaṇa. ] ) —

2) Pl. Nomen proprium eines mit den Bhṛgu zusammenhängenden Geschlechts. Auch Sg. neben bhṛgu. Gilt für einen Sohn Brahman’s , Nahuṣa’s oder Viśvāmitra's. —

3) ein Asket , ein Mann , der der Welt entsagt hat.

4) * = nikāra oder kāra ([Śāśvata’s Anekārthasamuccaya] ).

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Yati (यति):—3. f.

1) Festhaltung , Leitung.

2) Pause (in der Musik) , Caesur (im Verse). —

3) *Wittwe ; auch * yatī.

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Yāti (याति):—in ahaṃyāti.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Yati (यति):—(nf) a pause, check, caesura (in metre); (nm) an ascetic, anchoret (who has subdued his passions); -[gati] (in metrical writing) pausing and pacing; -[dharma] asceticism; renunciation; -[bhaṃga] a metric flaw when caesura does not appear at its proper position; -[bhraṣṭa] (a metre) having -[bhaṃga] (pausal defect).

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