Vrita, Vṛta: 10 definitions


Vrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vṛta can be transliterated into English as Vrta or Vrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vṛta (वृत) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. IX.44.6) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vṛta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vṛta (वृत) refers to “constrained” (by the chains of one’s own actions), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Embodied souls, living in immovable and movable bodies, are born [and] die constrained (vṛta) by the chains of their own actions. In this world sometimes corporeal [souls] filled with a mass of virtue appear in heaven because of the development of life and name karmas connected with the celestial state of existence”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vṛta (वृत).—p. p. [vṛ-kta]

1) Chosen, selected.

2) Covered, screened.

3) Hidden.

4) Surrounded, encompassed.

5) Agreed or assented to.

6) Hired.

7) Spoiled, vitiated.

8) Served.

9) Affected by.

1) Round, circular.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛta (वृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Chosen, selected, preferred. 2. Agreed or assented to. 3. Served. 4. Covered, screened, defended. 5. Affected by. 6. Vitiated, spoiled. 7. Hired. E. vṛ to prefer, and kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vṛta (वृत).—[adjective] covered, veiled, hidden, enclosed or surrounded by, endowed with, full of ([instrumental] or —°).

--- OR ---

Vṛtā (वृता).—[feminine] progress, motion.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛta (वृत):—[from vṛ] 1. vṛta mfn. concealed, screened, hidden, enveloped, surrounded by, covered with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] stopped, checked, held back, pent up (as rivers), [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] filled or endowed or provided or affected with ([instrumental case] or [compound]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata etc.]

4) [from vṛ] 2. vṛta mfn. chosen, selected, preferred, loved, liked, asked in marriage etc., [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

5) [v.s. ...] n. a treasure, wealth (= dhana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vṛta (वृत):—(u, ṅa) varttate 1. d. To be, to exist, to stand. (ya) vṛtyate 4. d. To choose; serve. (ka) varttayati 10. a. To shine; speak. With ati, to surpass; with anu, to follow, imitate, proceed; with apa, to turn round; with āṅ, to revolve, to do repeatedly; with ni to make artificially; with ni or nira, to stop, to complete; with pari, to surround, exchange, excel, advance, turn back; with pra, to set about; with prati and ni, to depart; with vi, to whirl round; with vi and ni, to return; with vi and pari, to consider; with sama and abhi, to leap.

2) [(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Chosen, agreed to; served; screened; affected by.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vṛta (वृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Varia, Vua, Vuia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vṛta (ವೃತ):—

1) [adjective] covered; veiled; hidden behind or beneath.

2) [adjective] enclosed; encircled.

3) [adjective] obstructed; hindered.

4) [adjective] elected; selected.

5) [adjective] agreed; consented.

6) [adjective] adored; worshipped.

7) [adjective] desired or requested (for).

--- OR ---

Vṛta (ವೃತ):—[noun] a man who is selected or elected (for some purpose).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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