Avrita, Avṛta, Āvṛta, Āvṛtā: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Avrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Avṛta and Āvṛta and Āvṛtā can be transliterated into English as Avrta or Avrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Āvṛtā (आवृता) means “encompassed by”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “O you who reside at the End of the Eighteen! (You are) also beyond the state of the Transmental. You are Śāmbhavī who awakens Śambhu. [...] (At the same time) you are on the plane of the current of the state beyond the Transmental. (Your) nature is subtle; your form is that of the beautiful and radiant energy which is the Half Moon. Encompassed by the Triangle [i.e., trikoṇa-āvṛtā], you are in the centre. Born from the limbs of the three lines (of the Triangle), you are completely full and reside in the sacred seat in the centre. O Kubjī, you are Mālinī who awakens (Bhairava) the Gander (haṃsa). (When you are) in the Cavity (in the centre), you are sprinkled inwardly by the stream of nectar of the Śiva principle”

2) Āvṛtā (आवृता) or Āvṛtākalā refers to one of the “eight energies” (Aṣṭakalā) that surround the sacred seat Kāmarūpa, according to the Śrīmatottara-tantra, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “Then (after that comes the fourth sacred seat [i.e., Kāmarūpa] which) is in the locus of the heart and is surrounded by eight energies, namely Mohā, Āvṛtā, Prakāśyā, Kiraṇā, Rāgavatī, Hṛṣṭā, Puṣṭī, and Krodhā. One should know that it is located in the Wheel of the Heart surrounded by (this) group of energies set around it anticlockwise. (Brilliant) like the rising sun, its purpose is the emanation of the (many) diverse and true Yoginīs by means of (the energy) who (is full of the) attachment and passion (kāma) that comes from the joy of the heart (generated) by the countless energies of (the divine) will in order to (emanate) the many and diverse forms of creation. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Āvṛta (आवृत) refers to “(being) surrounded” (e.g., by a long hall), according to the Mohacūrottara (verse 4.234-243).—Accordingly, [while describing the construction of the maṭha]—“[...] The installation of the houses is according to the wishes [of the patron]. There should be a [door for] entry and exit to the north. [The houses] may have one, two, or three floors, or as is pleasing. Externally, [the building] is surrounded by a long hall (dīrghaśālā-āvṛta). In the eastern side of the building is the place for worship. One should install the kitchen and so forth as appropriate. [...]”.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Āvṛta (आवृत) refers to a “hindrance” (as opposed to Anāvṛta—‘free from hindrance’), according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, the Bodhisattva, having accumulated immeasurable merits, nourishes all living beings? Son of good family, [...] (7) his thoughts are like an earth since there is no high or low in his mind; (8) he is free from thoughts by pure morality; (9) his thought is liberated and the gate is free from hindrance (mukha-anāvṛta) by accomplishing all sacrifices; (10) he has perfected memory and eloquence by investigating the dharma; (11) he depends on the knowledge of supernatural powers by going to immeasurable Buddha-fields”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Avṛta (अवृत).—a.

1) Unchecked, unimpeded.

2) Unselected.

3) Uncovered, unprotected.

4) Unsubdued.

--- OR ---

Āvṛta (आवृत).—p. p.

1) Covered, screened, concealed.

2) Invested, blocked.

3) Enclosed, surrounded (by a ditch, wall &c.).

4) Spread, overspread; आवृते नभस्तले (āvṛte nabhastale) H.3.

3) Filled or abounding with; सोऽमरावति- संकाशां हृष्टपुष्टजनावृताम् (so'marāvati- saṃkāśāṃ hṛṣṭapuṣṭajanāvṛtām) (praviveśa purīm) Rām.7.33.4.

-taḥ A man of mixed origin, the son of a Brāhmaṇa by a woman of the Ugra caste; ब्राह्मणादुग्रकन्यायामावृतो नाम जायते (brāhmaṇādugrakanyāyāmāvṛto nāma jāyate) Manusmṛti 1.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Āvṛta (आवृत).—ppp. (corresp. to Pali ovaṭa, as Vin. ii.255.23), forbidden (also an-ā°, q.v.): Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 5a.5 āvṛtam ānanda bhikṣuṇyā bhikṣuṃ codayituṃ (5b.1)…anāvṛtaṃ bhikṣor bhikṣuṇīṃ codayituṃ…, it is forbidden for a nun to warn a monk, not for a monk to warn a nun.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avṛta (अवृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Unselected. 2. Uncovered. 3. Unprotected. E. a neg. vṛta chosen, &c.

--- OR ---

Āvṛta (आवृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Enclosed, surrounded, (by a ditch, wall, &c.) 2. Covered, screened. 3. Invested, inclosed, involved. 4. Spread, overspread, overcast. 5. Filled with, abounding with. m.

(-taḥ) A man of mixed origin, the son of a Brahman, by a woman of the Ugra caste. E. āṅ before vṛñ to screen, affix kta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Avṛta (अवृत).—1. [adjective] unchecked, unimpeded.

--- OR ---

Avṛta (अवृत).—2. [adjective] unchosen, uninvited.

--- OR ---

Āvṛta (आवृत).—[adjective] covered, veiled, hidden, clothed, surrounded, filled with ([instrumental] or —°), fenced, locked; withheld, forbidden; captive, prisoner; [masculine] a cert. mixed caste.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Avṛta (अवृत):—[=a-vṛta] 1. a-vṛta mfn. unchecked, [Ṛg-veda]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. a-vṛta mfn. uninvited, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra; Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

3) Āvṛta (आवृत):—[=ā-vṛta] [from ā-vṛ] mfn. covered, concealed, hid

4) [v.s. ...] screened, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] enclosed, encompassed, surrounded (by a ditch, wall, etc.), [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī; Pañcatantra] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] invested, involved

7) [v.s. ...] spread, overspread, overcast

8) [v.s. ...] filled with, abounding with

9) [v.s. ...] m. a man of mixed origin (the son of a Brāhman by a woman of the Ugra caste), [Manu-smṛti x, 15.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Āvṛta (आवृत):—[ā-vṛta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) a. Enclosed, surrounded. m. Man of mixed origin.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Āvṛta (आवृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Āvariya, Āvia, Āvuda.

[Sanskrit to German]

Avrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Āvṛta (आवृत):—(a) covered, enveloped, surrounded.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Āvṛta (ಆವೃತ):—

1) [adjective] covered (with, by); veiled.

2) [adjective] encircled; surrounded (by).

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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