Vivrita, Vivṛta: 20 definitions


Vivrita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Vivṛta can be transliterated into English as Vivrta or Vivrita, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Vivrat.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Vivṛta (विवृत, “revealed”) refers to a specific gesture (āṅgika) made with the mouth (āsya), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. These gestures should be used in conformity with the varieties of glances (dṛṣṭi). These gestures form a part of the histrionic representation (abhinaya).

Source: Natya Shastra

Vivṛta (विवृत).—A type of gesture (āṅgika) made with the mouth (āsya);—Instructions: the mouth with the lips kept apart. Uses: in laughter, sorrow and fear.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vivṛta (विवृत).—Name given to an internal effort (as contrasted with the external effort named विवार (vivāra)) when the tip, middle, or root of the tongue which is instrumental in producing a sound, is kept apart from the place or sthāna of the Pro duction of the sound; cf. तत्रोत्पत्तेः प्राग्यदा जिह्वाग्रोपाग्रमध्यमूलानि तत्तद्वर्णोत्पत्ति-स्थानानां ताल्वादीनां दूरतः वर्तन्ते तदा विवृतता (tatrotpatteḥ prāgyadā jihvāgropāgramadhyamūlāni tattadvarṇotpatti-sthānānāṃ tālvādīnāṃ dūrataḥ vartante tadā vivṛtatā) Tattvabodhini on S. K. on P.I.1.9.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Vivṛta (विवृत):—[vivṛtaḥ] Expanded or opened

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Vivṛta (विवृत) refers to “(being) specially chosen”, according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “One who recites this eulogy of Kāmeśvarī called Kāmasiddhi, which serves as a very auspicious wish-fullfilling cow, placing trust [in her], is specially chosen (vivṛtaso'yaṃ svayaṃ vivṛta eva) by [the goddesses of] Beauty, Prosperity, Eloquence, and Treasury of Qualities. So, what would he do with any [other] lovers?”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Vivrita in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Vivṛta (विवृत) refers to “having broadened (the chest)”, according to the Mataṅgapārameśvaratantra (Mataṅgapārameśvara’s Yogapāda) verse 2.23-27.—Accordingly, while discussing ancillary and seated poses in Yoga: “[...] Having raised and broadened (vivṛta) the chest and having made the arms loose, the wise [Yogin] should extend his back and raise the region of the shoulders. He should diligently hold the neck still, very steady and straight [but] not too rigid nor bent [to one side]. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Vivṛta (विवृत, “exposed”) refers to a category of yoni (nuclei), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.32.—The place of birth of a living being is called nucleus (nuclei is the plural). The nucleus is like a container. There are nine nuclei (yoni), eg., vivṛta. What the meaning is of covered and exposed nuclei? The nucleus which cannot be seen is called covered and the one which can be seen is called exposed.

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Vivṛta (विवृत) refers to “(being) exposed” (by the winds), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “The cosmos is the shape of a palm tree filled with the three worlds, surrounded (veṣṭitaḥ pavanaiḥ; var.—vivṛtaḥ pavanaiḥ—‘exposed by the winds’) by the three winds having great speed [and] great power in between [the cosmos and non-cosmos]. That [cosmos] is not at all produced by anyone, not at all sustained by anyone, so also not destroyed by anyone. Nevertheless, that exists by itself without support in the atmosphere”.

Synonyms: Veṣṭita.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vivṛta (विवृत).—p S Expounded, interpreted, glossed, made manifest or plain.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vivṛta (विवृत).—Expounded, interpreted.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vivṛta (विवृत).—

1) Displayed, manifested, expressed.

2) Evident, clear, open.

3) Uncovered, exposed, laid bare; ज्ञातास्वादो विवृतजघनां को विहातुं समर्थः (jñātāsvādo vivṛtajaghanāṃ ko vihātuṃ samarthaḥ) Meghadūta 43.

4) Opened, unclosed, bare, open; कृष्णायसं च विवृतं धारयन् मुज्यते द्विजः (kṛṣṇāyasaṃ ca vivṛtaṃ dhārayan mujyate dvijaḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 13.136.6.

5) Proclaimed.

6) Expounded, explained, commented upon; विवृत इव निरुक्तः (vivṛta iva niruktaḥ) Bhāgavata 12.11.24.

7) Expanded, spread out.

8) Extensive, large, spacious.

9) Bare, barren (as ground).

1) Unhurt, woundless; Mahābhārata (Bombay) 4.

-tam 1 Open articulation.

2) Publicity.

-tā A particular disease, ulcer.

-tam ind. Openly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Vivṛtā (विवृता).—name of a lokadhātu: Kāraṇḍavvūha 90.5.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivṛta (विवृत).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Expanded, extended, extensive, large. 2. Evident, displayed, made manifest. 3. Exposed, discovered. 4. Opened. 5. Explained, interpreted, expounded. 6. Open, (as the organs of speech for the articulation of vowels and sibilants.) 7. Proclaimed, divulged. f.

(-tā) A disease, an ulcer attended with much pain and heat. E. vi before vṛ to be, aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivṛta (विवृत).—[adjective] uncovered, bare, open, displayed, manifested, published, explained; [neuter] [adverb]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vivṛta (विवृत):—[=vi-vṛta] [from vi-vṛ] mfn. uncovered, unconcealed, exposed, naked, bare, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] unhurt, woundless, [Mahābhārata iv, 2027]

3) [v.s. ...] unclosed, open, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Upaniṣad; Prātiśākhya; Mahābhārata] etc. (also applied to the organs in speaking and to the articulation of [particular] sounds, = vivṛta-prayatnopeta, [Śaṃkarācārya on Chāndogya-upaniṣad ii, 22, 5]; [superlative degree] -tama, [Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya])

4) [v.s. ...] extensive, large, wide, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] (also vī-vṛta) unfolded, exposed, revealed, explained, divulged, public, manifest, evident, known, [Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] opened id est. presented, offered (as an opportunity), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

7) Vivṛtā (विवृता):—[=vi-vṛtā] [from vi-vṛta > vi-vṛ] f. a [particular] disease, an ulcer attended with much pain and heat, [Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] a species of plant, [ib.]

9) Vivṛta (विवृत):—[=vi-vṛta] [from vi-vṛ] n. the bare ground, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa]

10) [v.s. ...] publicity ([locative case] ‘in public’ or ‘straight out’), [Mahābhārata iv, 34, 4]

11) [v.s. ...] (in gram.) open articulation, approach of the tongue towards the organ of speech but without contact

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vivṛta (विवृत):—[vi-vṛta] (taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. m. Expanded; evident; laid open; developed. f. A burning ulcer.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vivṛta (विवृत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Viaḍha, Viua, Vivaria, Vivua.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vivrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vivrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vivṛta (विवृत) [Also spelled vivrat]:—(a) open, exposed, uncovered; unravelled; expanded; hence ~[] (nf); —[svara] open vowel.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vivṛta (ವಿವೃತ):—

1) [adjective] allowed to be seen; disclosed; revealed; exhibited.

2) [adjective] not covered, veiled; kept open.

3) [adjective] said explicitly; explained in detail.

4) [adjective] widely extended; broad; extensive.

--- OR ---

Vivṛta (ವಿವೃತ):—

1) [noun] (gram.) any of the letters that is pronounced with mouth opened.

2) [noun] (dance.) a posture in which the knees are bent outward.

3) [noun] (dance.) the opening of the mouth by keeping the lips apart.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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