Vikranta, Vikrānta, Vikrāntā: 10 definitions

Introduction

Vikranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (V) next»] — Vikranta in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Vikrānta (विक्रान्त).—A King who was the father of Sudhṛti and the son of King Dama. It is mentioned in Vāyu Purāṇa, Chapter 86, that Vikrānta was an ideal King who loved and cared for his subjects.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Vikrānta (विक्रान्त).—A Prajāpati;1 famous for originating the Vāleya Gandharvas.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 53. Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 53.
  • 2) Ib. 69. 18.

1b) A son of Dama: a king who increased the welfare of his kingdom; father of Sudhṛti.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 13.

1c) A son of Bheda.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 196.

1d) (Satyahita): a son of Puṣpavān.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 224.

2) Vikrāntā (विक्रान्ता).—One of the Vidyādhara gaṇas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 29.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Vikrānta (विक्रान्त) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.4.36) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Vikrānta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

1) Vikrānta (विक्रान्त) refers to one of the ten kinds of yamaka, according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 17. Yamaka is one of the four “figures of speech” (alaṃkāra), used when composing dramatic compositions (kāvya).

2) Vikrānta (विक्रान्त) is the name of a meter described in the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 32:—“the metre which has in its feet of twelves syllables the first nine and the last long, is vikrāntā”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Vikrānta (विक्रान्त).—Name given to a samdhi where the visarga remains intact although it can , optionally be changed into a sibilant consonant; e.g. यः ककुभः, यः पञ्च, यो वः शिवतमो रसः। (yaḥ kakubhaḥ, yaḥ pañca, yo vaḥ śivatamo rasaḥ|) cf। विक्रान्तसंधिस्तु प्राकृतेपधो वेदितव्यो यत्र विसर्गः श्रूयेत (| vikrāntasaṃdhistu prākṛtepadho veditavyo yatra visargaḥ śrūyeta) R.Pr.IV.11.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

1) Vikrāntā (विक्रान्ता) is another name for Vatsādanī, a medicinal plant identified with Cocculus hirsutus (broom creeper or ink berry) from the Menispermaceae or “moonseed” family of flowering plants, according to verse 3.102-104 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The third chapter (guḍūcyādi-varga) of this book contains climbers and creepers (vīrudh). Together with the names Vikrāntā and Vatsādanī, there are a total of six Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

2) Vikrāntā (विक्रान्ता) is also mentioned as a synonym for Jayantī, a medicinal plant possibly identified with Sesbania sesban (Linn.) Merr. (or ‘Egyptian riverhemp’), according to verse 4.131-132. The fourth chapter (śatāhvādi-varga) of this book enumerates eighty varieties of small plants (pṛthu-kṣupa). Note: Bāpālāl accepting the Sesbania species, suggests differently as Sesbania aegyptiaca Pers. of Papilionaceae sub order. Together with the names Vikrāntā and Jayantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikrānta (विक्रान्त).—p. p.

1) Stepped or passed beyond.

2) Powerful, heroic, valiant, chivalrous; युधामन्युश्च विक्रान्तः (yudhāmanyuśca vikrāntaḥ) Bg.1.6; Ki.16.2.

3) Victorious, overpowering (one's enemies).

-ntaḥ 1 A hero, warrior.

2) A lion.

3) Name of a kind of संधि (saṃdhi) which leaves विसर्ग (visarga) unchanged.

-ntam 1 A pace, stride; तद्विक्रान्तैर्विजितानीह त्रीणि (tadvikrāntairvijitānīha trīṇi) Mb.13.158.2.

2) Heroism, valour, prowess.

3) The jewel called वैक्रान्त (vaikrānta).

4) A kind of intoxicating drink.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikrānta (विक्रान्त).—mfn.

(-ntaḥ-ntā-ntaṃ) 1. Valiant, mighty. 2. Overcoming victorious. m.

(-ntaḥ) 1. A hero, a warrior. 2. A lion. n.

(-ntaṃ) 1. Valour. 2. A step, a stride. E. vi before, kram to go, aff. kta, in an active sense.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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