Vikraya: 14 definitions


Vikraya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Vkiray.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (philosophy)

Vikraya (विक्रय) refers to “selling”, according to the Īśvarapratyabhijñāvivṛtivimarśinī 2.131.—Accordingly, “[They] ‘consist in each other’ [means the following]: even the essence of [ordinary human practice] such as buying and selling (kraya-vikraya), etc., is nothing but such a manifesting consciousness. Only that which is manifest in such a way is for this very reason useful [in providing] to me, for whom [this thing is manifest and while I am] being manifest [myself], an efficacy which is [itself] necessarily manifest!”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Vikraya (विक्रय) refers to “selling (costly meat)”, according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.13-16, while describing auspicious dreams]—“[...] [A dreamer] sells costly meat (vikrayamahāmāṃsasya vikrayam) and partitions the sacrificial victim for the gods out of respect. [The fortunate dreamer] worships the god with his own self and also recites mantras, meditates, and praises. Then he observes before his own eyes a beautiful honored blazing fire [i.e., he is prepared to take part in ritual]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vikraya (विक्रय).—m (S) vikrayaṇa n S Selling or sale.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

vikraya (विक्रय).—m Sale, selling.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vikraya (विक्रय).—

1) Sale, selling; यासां नाददते शुल्कं ज्ञातयो न स विक्रयः (yāsāṃ nādadate śulkaṃ jñātayo na sa vikrayaḥ) Manusmṛti 3.54.

2) The selling price; Manusmṛti 7.127.

3) The market; विक्रयाद्यो धनं किंचिद् गृह्णीयात् कुलसंनिधौ (vikrayādyo dhanaṃ kiṃcid gṛhṇīyāt kulasaṃnidhau) Manusmṛti 8. 21.

Derivable forms: vikrayaḥ (विक्रयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikraya (विक्रय).—m.

(-yaḥ) Sale, selling, vending. E. vi before, krī to buy, ac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikraya (विक्रय).—i. e. vi-krī + a, m. Sale, selling, [Pañcatantra] 121, 21.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikraya (विक्रय).—[masculine] ṇa [neuter] sale.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Vikraya (विक्रय):—[=vi-kraya] a etc. See below.

2) [=vi-kraya] [from vi-krī] b m. sale, selling, vending, [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vikraya (विक्रय):—[vi-kraya] (yaḥ) 1. m. Sale.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Vikraya (विक्रय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Vikkaa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vikraya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vikraya in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Vikraya (विक्रय) [Also spelled vkiray]:—(nm) sale, selling; ~[ya kara] sales tax; ~[ya-patra] sale deed; cash memo; ~[] a seller, vendor.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vikraya (ವಿಕ್ರಯ):—[noun] the act of selling; sale.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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