Vaikranta, Vaikrānta, Vaikramta: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Vaikranta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Rasashastra (Alchemy and Herbo-Mineral preparations)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त, “turmaline, manganese ore”):—One of the eight mahārasa (‘superior minerals’), according to the Rasaprakāśasudhākara: a 13th century Sanskrit book on Indian alchemy, or, Rasaśāstra.

Source: archive.org: Rasa-Jala-Nidhi: Or Ocean of indian chemistry and alchemy

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त) refers to “corundum”. (see the Rasajalanidhi by Bhudeb Mookerji volume 3)

Source: Indian Journal of History of Science: Rasaprakāśa-sudhākara, chapter 4-5

Vaikrānta (‘Turmaline’):—That which has eight edges, eight facets, six angles, smooth surface, heavy weight and possesses pure or mixed colours. Such mineral is known as Vaikrānta.

As per colour it is said to be of eight types viz.

  1. white,
  2. yellow,
  3. black,
  4. blue,
  5. pigeon-colour,
  6. spotted with different colour spots,
  7. śyāmala
  8. and miśra-varṇa.

In this way it is of eight types.

Its Pharmaco-Therapeutic Properties are claimed as tridoṣaghna, vṛṣya (aphrodisiac), āyuprada (prolongslife span), prāna-prada (life saving), vegaprada (movement promotor), vīryakartā (imporves semon in quality and quantity), improves intelligence and complexion. It is considered best amongst all the rasayanas, destroys diseases and is similar to diamond in properties. It also helps in rasabandhana (solidification of mercury).

Source: Ancient Science of Life: Critical Review of Rasaratna Samuccaya

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त) refers to “tourmaline”, and mentioned in the Rasaratnasamuccaya: a 13th century C.E. alchemical treatise, authored by Vāgbhaṭa, is a useful compilation related to preparation and properties of drugs of mineral and metallic origin.—In different sections, the author has mentioned four drugs viz. Svarṇamākṣika (copper pyrite), Manaḥshilā (realgar), Vaikrānta (tourmaline) and Kānta Lauha (cast iron) as best rejuvenators among all other drugs.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikranta in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

vaikrānta (वैक्रांत).—n S A gem, said to resemble a diamond or to be a burnt diamond.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikranta in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त).—A kind of gem.

Derivable forms: vaikrāntam (वैक्रान्तम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त).—n.

(-ntaṃ) A kind of gem, said to resemble a diamond, and to be of similar properties; it is also considered to be a burnt diamond, and to be the common load-stone or magnet. E. vikrānta a warrior, aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त):—m. n. ([from] vi-krānta) a kind of gem resembling a diamond (also taka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Vaikrānta (वैक्रान्त):—(ntaṃ) 1. n. A kind of gem like a diamond; magnetic stone.

[Sanskrit to German]

Vaikranta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Vaikranta in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Vaikrāṃta (ವೈಕ್ರಾಂತ):—[noun] any gem that is inferior in quality to diamond.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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